War: Will, Action, and Resources
Meeting Over Dinner: Members of the 10th Iraqi Army Division and of the Stability Transition Team, 3rd Brigade Combat Team, U.S. 4th Infantry Division, mingle at an informal social gathering. (Photo: DoD)  



Colonel John Chavez
US Army

The views expressed in the document are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the U.S. Army War College, the U.S. Department of the Army, the U.S. Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government.



While substantial effort has been and continues to be expended in developing the theories governing the conduct of war, not as much comparative effort has been given to addressing the means by which various levels of conflict can be anticipated and averted. This AY-10 USAWC resident student author believes that what is required is a unifying theory of 'war' AND of 'conflicted peace' -- a theory which addresses the conditions and possible preventive activities associated with a transition from each.

The author postulates such a theory using a definition of conflict that encompasses a spectrum ranging from competition through conventional war and then addresses the sub-elements of will, resources, capabilities and actions to examine the conditions under which conflict occurs and is adjudicated.

The paper provides six case studies to illustrate the application of the author's theory and concludes with mitigation and deterrent measures to prevent incidents' reoccurrences or escalation.

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