Organizing for Success during Transitions
Officers from 19 nations participate in classes as part of Exercise Garuda Shield in Indonesia; the classes focus on United Nations operations and regulations. (Photo: DOD)




Raymond Millen
Analyst, Security Sector Reform
Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute

The views expressed in the document are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the U.S. Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute, the U.S. Army War College, the Department of the Army, the Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government.



Man appears to have a greater penchant for conflict than peace, devoting an abundance of attention to the study, preparation, and conduct of war. While the causes of war vary, history suggests that conflict escalation is far easier than de-escalation and resolution. In fact, a direct correlation exists between the level of conflict and the transition from war to peace. Devastating conflicts in particular result not only in substantial casualties and destruction but also shatter societies and governments in the process. Post-conflict states frequently suffer a period of fragility resulting in a psycho-logical loss of vitality, hope, and self-confidence, which accompanies the political, social, and economic turmoil. Because this fragility exposes the state to subversion, political upheaval, and insurgency, the issue may become a major concern for the international community.

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