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Who should "own" the Army National Guard?
 
An Army National Guard soldier works as a member of an Entry Identification Team watching the U.S.-Mexico border near Nogales, AZ, providing support to Customs and Border Protection to secure the border.  (Photo: DoD)  

 

THE ARMY NATIONAL GUARD AND THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY

Mr. Ernest E. Rogers III
Department of Homeland Security

The views expressed in the document are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the U.S. Army War College, the U.S. Army National Guard, the U.S. Department of the Army, the U.S. Department of Defense, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, or the U.S. Government.

 

SUMMARY

This AY-10 USAWC resident student paper argues that the citizen-soldiers of the Army National Guard have lost their focus and original purpose as a State Militia available for disaster recovery operations, assisting law enforcement, and defending the homeland. The author believes that the pressure felt by the current operations tempo to use the Army National Guard as an operational reserve can only be alleviated by moving the Army National Guard from the Department of Defense to the Department of Homeland Security. He asserts that such a move will not cut off relationships developed between the Army and the National Guard, two organizations with a common history, but recognizes that the two organizations should have different primary missions of homeland security (National Guard) and national defense (U.S. Army). He bases his argument in part upon the fact that this realization of similar capabilities but different missions is already working between the U.S. Coast Guard and the Department of Navy.

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This page last updated on 6 August 2010.

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