On Peace: Make Peace Not War?
Some of the estimated 2,000 attendees of the Voice of Peace Shura listen to speakers discuss peace in Paktya province June 10, in Chamkani district, Afghanistan (Photo: 304th Public Affairs detachment)  



Colonel James H. Herrera
U.S. Marine Corps

USAWC Class of 2009

The views expressed in the document are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the U.S. Army War College, the U.S. Department of the Army, the U.S. Marine Corps, the U.S. Department of the Navy, the U.S. Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government.



This AY-09 USAWC Resident Student paper examines peace at the individual, collective, and inter-collective levels. It does so by addressing three central questions: first, how is peace defined and what is its nature? Is it a natural condition or an artificially constructed one; second, does it differ at the individual, collective, and inter-collective levels; and third, can peace stand on its own as a means of policy relative to diplomacy and war? In essence, can peace be waged?

The author concludes that his research reveals that a complex paradigmatic change in statecraft must occur in order to employ peace as a "shaping" and sustaining action, and that further inquiry is required to fully understand its potential as a tool, one similar to other elements of "soft power."

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