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Strategic Deception Plans Facilitate Campaign Success
 
Dayton Daily News headline, November 8, 1942  

 

FORTUITOUS ENDEAVOR: INTELLIGENCE AND DECEPTION IN OPERATION TORCH

Professor John Patch

November 2008

The views expressed in the document are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the the U.S. Army War College, the Department of the Army, the Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government.

SUMMARY

Allied signals intelligence dramatically expanded during TORCH planning. Focused Allied deception efforts concealed force movements, and intelligence gauged the stratagem’s efficacy. All-source intelligence fusion integrated with operations shaped strategic deception. This first Allied marriage of special intelligence and strategic deception was vital to TORCH’s success. Indeed, the TORCH experience validates most of the tenets of operational deception found in current joint doctrine.

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