HOMELAND SECURITY

A Selected Bibliography

Compiled by Jacqueline S. Bey

U.S. Army War College Library

Carlisle Barracks, PA

May 2003

 

Preface

Homeland security is one of the special themes of the U.S. Army War College curriculum. Homeland Security: A Selected Bibliography was compiled to support that theme. It includes materials that reflect some of homeland security’s many challenges: organizational structure; national security concerns; domestic preparedness; intelligence support; terrorism; and the military’s role.

Most of the books, documents, and periodical articles cited were published since 2001. All are available in the U.S. Army War College Library collection or on the Internet. For your convenience we added our library call numbers at the end of each entry for books and documents. (Call numbers indicate the item’s shelf location in our library.)

This bibliography is also available on the Internet through our home page at http://www.carlisle.army.mil/library.

For additional information, please contact the Research and Information Services Branch,  U.S. Army War College Library by sending an e-mail message to usarmy.carlisle.awc.mbx.us-libraryr@mail.mil,  or by phoning Commercial (717) 245-4260 or DSN 242-4260.

Contents

Organizing for Homeland Security……………………………………………. 1

National Security, Strategy, Policy, and Legislation………………………….. ..6

Domestic Preparedness, Consequence Management………………………….14

Intelligence……………………………………………………………………21

Terrorism……………………………………………………………………..26

The Military and Homeland Defense…………………………………………. .31

 

Organizing for Homeland Security

Books and Documents

Brookes, Peter. Promise and Progress: Homeland Security One Year Post-9/ll. Washington: Heritage Foundation, 2002. 5pp. (HD87 .H26 no. 764)

Bush, George W. Securing the Homeland, Strengthening the Nation. Washington: The White House, 2002. 29pp. (HV6432 .B87 2002)

Campbell, Kurt M., and Michele A. Flournoy. "Strengthening Homeland Security." In To Prevail: An American Strategy for the Campaign against Terrorism, 105-121. Washington: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2001. (HV6432 .C36 2001)

Daalder, Ivo H., et al. Assessing the Department of Homeland Security. Washington: Brookings Institution, July 2002. 63pp. (HV6432 .A77 2002)

Davis, Lynn. Organizing for Homeland Security. Issue Paper. Santa Monica: Rand, 2002. 14pp. (U394 .R15 IP-220)

Gillette, Peter. Department of Homeland Security: Pros, Cons, and Opportunities. Arlington: AUSA Institute of Land Warfare, 2003. 8pp. (UA10.5 .N16 2003-I-31)

Greenfield, Victoria A. The Role of the Office of Homeland Security in the Federal Budget Process: Recommendations for Effective Long-Term Engagement. Santa Monica: Rand, 2002. 37pp. (HV6432 .G62 2002)

Hillyard, Michael J. Homeland Security and the Need for Change: Organizing Principles, Governing Institutions, and American Culture. Chula Vista, CA: Aventine Press, 2003. 224pp. (UA927 .H34 2003)

Hinton, Henry L., Jr. Homeland Security: Progress Made; More Direction and Partnership Sought. Washington: U.S. General Accounting Office, 12 March 2002. 17pp. (HV6432 .H574 2002)

Kettl, Donald F. The Transformation of Governance: Public Administration for Twenty-First Century America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002. 204pp. (JK421 .K483 2002)

O’Hanlon, Michael E., et al. Protecting the American Homeland: One Year On. Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2003. 188pp. (UA927 .P762 2003)

U.S. Executive Office of the President. "Department of Homeland Security." In Budget of the U.S. Government: Fiscal Year 2004, 141-161. Washington: Office of Management and Budget, 2004. (HF2051 .A3 FY2004)

U.S. General Accounting Office. Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: Department of Homeland Security. Washington: General Accounting Office, January 2003, 52pp. (HV6432 .M14 2003)

U.S. Office of Homeland Security. National Strategy for Homeland Security. Washington: Office of Homeland Security, July 2002. 1 vol. (HV6432 .N17 2002)

Walker, David M. Homeland Security: Responsibility and Accountability for Achieving National Goals. Washington: U.S. General Accounting Office, April 2002. 16pp. (HV6432 .W35 2002)

Warren, Terrie. Structuring Homeland Security. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 36pp. (AD-A404-445)

Periodical Articles

Brown, Stuart F. "Building America’s Anti-Terror Machine." Fortune 146 (22 July 2002): 99-104.

Bush, George W. "Statement on Senate Confirmation of Tom Ridge as Secretary of Homeland Security." Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 39 (27 January 2003): 100-101.

Carter, Ashton B. "The Architecture of Government in the Face of Terrorism." International Security 26 (Winter 2001-2002): 5-23.

Daalder, Ivo H., and I.M. Destler. "Advisors, Czars and Councils: Organizing for Homeland Security." The National Interest 68 (Summer 2002): 66-78.

Donley, Michael B., and Neal A. Pollard. "Homeland Security: The Difference between a Vision and a Wish." Public Administration Review 62 (September 2002): 138-144. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest. Accessed 31 March 2003.

Hillyard, Michael J. "Organizing for Homeland Security." Parameters 32 (Spring 2002): 75-85.

Lambro, Donald. "Defending the Homeland: It Took a Catastrophe to Corral America’s Anti-Terrorism Forces." American Legion Magazine 152 (February 2002): 24-28.

Nivola, Pietro S. "Can the Government Be Serious?: September 11 Challenges Washington to Return to Its Core Responsibilities." Brookings Review 21 (Winter 2003): 4-11.

Peckenpaugh, Jason. "Building a Behemoth." Government Executive 34 (September 2002): 48-53.

Peters, Katherine McIntire. "Five Homeland Security Hurdles." Government Executive 35 (February 2003): 18-21.

Peters, Katherine McIntire. "Security vs. Bureaucracy." Government Executive 34 (April 2002): 18-28.

Ridge, Tom. "Homeland Security: Building a Strong Foundation." Vital Speeches of the Day 68 (1 July 2002): 546-549.

Rowny, Edward L. "Ramping Up Homeland Security." Government Executive 34 (December 2002): 86-87.

Scardaville, Michael. "Principles the Department of Homeland Security Must Follow for an Effective Transition." Heritage Foundation Backgrounder, no. 1630 (28 February 2003): 1-8.

Scardaville, Michael, and Todd Gaziano. "Why the Office of Homeland Security Should Remain Independent." Heritage Foundation Backgrounder, no. 1577 (23 August 2002): 1-4.

Seiple, Chris. "Homeland Security Concepts and Strategy." Orbis 46 (Spring 2002): 259-273.

Wise, Charles R., and Rania Nader. "Organizing the Federal System for Homeland Security: Problems, Issues, and Dilemmas." Public Administration Review 62 (September 2002): 44-57. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest. Accessed 31 March 2003.

Office of Homeland Security and Related Agencies’ Web Sites

Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office. Emergency Links. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.ciao.gov/

Federal Emergency Management Agency. FEMA Announces Actions in Response to "High" Security Risk. Accessed 30 April 2003.  http://www.fema.gov/

U.S. Department of Agriculture. Homeland Security: Keep America’s Food and Agriculture Safe. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.usda.gov/homelandsecurity/homeland.html

U.S. Department of Commerce. Newsroom. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.commerce.gov/opa/index.html

U.S. Department of Energy. Energy and National Security. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.energy.gov/security/index.html

U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Public web site. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.dhs.gov/dhspublic/

U.S. Department of Justice. Department of Justice Emergency Preparedness: Guidance and General Information. February 2003. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.usdoj.gov/jmd/ps/dojepm.htm

U.S. Department of State. Homeland Defense. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://usinfo.state.gov/topical/pol/terror/homeland.htm

U.S. Department of the Interior. Draft Revised Strategic Plan for FY 2003 – 2008. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.doi.gov/gpra/spversion2_14_03.pdf

U.S. Department of the Treasury. Terrorist Financing Rewards Program. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.ustreas.gov/rewards/index.html

U.S. Department of Transportation. Budget in Brief FY 2004. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.dot.gov/bib2004/bibindex.html

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Chemical Emergency Preparedness and Prevention: Laws & Regulations. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://yosemite.epa.gov/oswer/ceppoweb.nsf/content/lawsAndRegulations.htm?OpenDocument

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Fact Sheet on Nuclear Security Enhancements Since Sept. 11, 2001. April 30 2003. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/fact-sheets/security-enhancements.html

The White House. The Department of Homeland Security. Includes legislation, speeches and background. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.whitehouse.gov/deptofhomeland/

 

Additional Web Sites

Air War College Gateway to Homeland Security. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/awc-hmld.htm

The ANSER Institute for Homeland Security. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.homelandsecurity.org/about.cfm

The ANSER Institute for Homeland Security. An Initial Action Plan for the Office of Homeland Security. "A follow-on to the ‘Primer for Homeland Security’." Updated 7 November 2001. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.homelandsecurity.org/bulletin/ActionPlanforOfficeofHLS.htm 

The ANSER Institute for Homeland Security. Federal Organization: Agency & Organization Profiles. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.homelandsecurity.org/fedorg.cfm

The Brookings Institution. Protecting the American Homeland: A Second Look at How We’re Meeting the Challenge. 23 January 2003. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.brook.edu/dybdocroot/comm/events/20030123.pdf

Bush, George W. Executive Order (EO) 13228. Establishing the Office of Homeland Security and the Homeland Security Council. 8 October 2001. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2001/10/20011008-2.html

Bush, George W. Executive Order (EO) 13284. Amendment of Executive Orders, and Other Actions, in Connection with the Establishment of the Department of Homeland Security. 24 January 2003. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/01/20030124.html

Center for Strategic and International Studies. "Meeting the Challenges of Establishing a New Department of Homeland Security: A CSIS White Paper." Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.csis.org/features/hamrefinalpaper.pdf

GovExec.com. Homeland Security. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.govexec.com/homeland/

Larsen, Randy, and Dave McIntyre. A Primer on Homeland Security. ANSER Institute for Homeland Security. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.homelandsecurity.org/bulletin/primer.htm

National Homeland Security Knowledgebase. Links from websites around the world. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.twotigersonline.com/resources.html

U.S. General Accounting Office. Special Collections – Homeland Security. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://www.gao.gov/homelandsecurity.html

The White House. Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan. 25 November 2002. Accessed 30 April2003 .http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/11/reorganization_plan.pdf

The White House. "Ridge Announces Appointments." 16 October 2002. Accessed 30 April 2003. http://ww.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/20021016-19.html

National Security, Strategy, Policy, and Legislation

Books and Documents

Advisory Panel to Assess Domestic Response Capabilities for Terrorism Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction (The Gilmore Commission). Fourth Annual Report to the President and the Congress: Implementing the National Strategy. Washington: Rand, 15 December 2002. (HV6432 .A66 2002)

Brower, Jennifer, and Peter Chalk. The Global Threat of New and Reemerging Infectious Diseases: Reconciling U.S. National Security and Public Health Policy. Santa Monica: Rand Science and Technology, 2003. 146pp. (RA643.5 .G45 2003)

Campbell, Kurt M., and Michele A. Flournoy. "To Prevail: Key Findings and Recommendations." In To Prevail: An American Strategy for the Campaign against Terrorism, 297-348. Washington: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2001. (HV6432 .C36 2001)

Cole, David, and James X. Dempsey. Terrorism and the Constitution: Sacrificing Civil Liberties in the Name of National Security. 2nd ed. New York: New Press, 2002. 231pp. (KF4850 .C65 2002)

Dalton, Patricia A. Combating Terrorism: Enhancing Partnerships through a National Preparedness Strategy. Washington: U.S. General Accounting Office, 28 March 2002. 22pp. (HV6432 .D35 2002)

Davidson, Roger H., and Walter J. Oleszek. "Congress and National Security Policies." In Congress and Its Members, 397-418. Washington: Congressional Quarterly Press, 2002. (JK1021 .D38 2002)

Decker, Raymond J. Homeland Security: Key Elements of a Risk Management Approach. Washington: U.S. General Accounting Office, 12 October 2001. 10pp. (HV6432 .D21 2001)

Freedman, Lawrence, ed. Superterrorism: Policy Responses. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2002. 178pp. (HV6431 .S86 2002)

Hart, Gary, Warren B. Rudman, and Stephen E. Flynn. America - - Still Unprepared, Still in Danger. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 2002. 40pp. (HV6432 .A48 2002)

Hecker, JayEttz Z. Combating Terrorism: Key Aspects of a National Strategy to Enhance State and Local Preparedness. Washington: U.S. General Accounting Office, 1 March 2002. 22pp. (HV6432 .H23 2002)

Hoffman, F.G. Homeland Security: A Competitive Strategies Approach. Washington: Center for Defense Information, 2002. 67pp. (UA10.5 .H52 2002)

Lathrop, Charles, and Mackenzie M. Eaglen. The Commission on National Security/21st Century: A Hart-Rudman Commission Primer. Arlington: AUSA Institute of Land Warfare, 6 April 2001. 6pp. (UA10.5 .N16 2001-4-6)

Levitt, Matthew. Targeting Terror: U.S. Policy toward Middle Eastern State Sponsors and Terrorist Organizations, Post-September 11. Washington: Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 2002. 141pp. (HV6432 .L28 2002)

Majumdar, Shyamal K. Science, Technology and National Security. Easton: Pennsylvania Academy of Science, 2002. 267pp. (UA23 .S11 2002)

Meissner, Doris. After the Attacks: Protecting Borders and Liberties. Washington: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, November 2001. 7pp. (JZ5518 .C3P5 no. 8)

National Defense Panel. Transforming Defense: National Security in the 21st Century. Arlington: National Defense Panel, 1997. 94pp. (UA23 .T782 1997)

National Research Council of the National Academies. National Security & Homeland Defense: Challenges for the Chemical Sciences in the 21st Century. Washington: National Academies Press, 2002. 108pp. (HV6431 .N17 2002)

O’Sullivan, Meghan L. Shrewd Sanctions: Statecraft and State Sponsors of Terrorism. Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2003. 424pp. (HF1413.5 .O78 2003)

Pelletiere, Stephen C. Terrorism: National Security Policy and the Home Front. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 1995. 90pp. (U413 .A66T47 1995)

Roxborough, Ian. The Hart-Rudman Commission and the Homeland Defense. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 2001. 32pp. (U413 .A66R75 2001)

Rumsfeld, Donald H. "Reassessing the Security Environment." In Report of the Secretary of Defense to the President and the Congress, 9-15. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002. (UA23 .A51S2 2002).

Schuster, Mike. "National Security, Nonproliferation, and the War against Terrorism." In After 9/11: Preventing Mass-Destruction Terrorism and Weapons Proliferation, ed. Michael Barletta, 1-5. Monterey: Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies, 2002. (U793 .C32 no. 8)

Taliento, Michael J. Targeting the Leadership of Terrorist Organizations: Policy Considerations for America’s National Security Strategy in Combating Global Terrorism. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 32pp. (AD-A402-097)

Tussing, Bert B., and Peter D. Menk. Streamlining National Security Workshop: The Homeland Group. Issues paper. Carlisle: U.S. Army War College, 2001. 4pp. (U413 .C75 I17 01-10)

U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century (Hart-Rudman Commission). New World Coming: American Security in the 21st Century: Major Themes and Implications: Phase I Report. Arlington: The Commission, 15 September 1999. 1 vol. (UA10.5 .N48 Phase 1)

U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century (Hart-Rudman Commission). Road Map for National Security: Imperative for Change: The Phase III Report. Washington: The Commission, 15 February 2001. 146 pp. (UA10.5 .N48 Phase 3)

U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century (Hart-Rudman Commission). Seeking a National Strategy: A Concert for Preserving Security and Promoting Freedom: The Phase II Report. Arlington: The Commission, 15 April 2000. 16pp. (UA10.5 .N48 Phase 2)

U.S. Department of the Treasury. The 2001 National Money Laundering Strategy. Washington: U.S. Department of the Treasury, Office of Enforcement, September 2001. 76pp. (HV8079 .M64T96 2001)

U.S. Executive Office of the President. The National Security Strategy of the United States of America. Washington: The White House, 2002. 31pp. (UA10.5 .U659 2002)

U.S. Executive Office of the President. National Strategy for Combating Terrorism. Washington: The White House, 2003. 30pp. (HV6432 .U542 2003)

U.S. Executive Office of the President. National Strategy for the Physical Protection of Critical Infrastructures and Key Assets. Washington: The White House, 2003. 83pp. (UA927 .U531 2003)

U.S. Executive Office of the President. National Strategy to Combat Weapons of Mass Destruction. Washington: The White House, 2002. 6pp. (U793 .U58 2002)

U.S. Executive Office of the President. The National Strategy to Secure Cyberspace. Washington: The White House, 2003. 76pp. (QA76.9 .A25U57 2003)

U.S. General Accounting Office. Homeland Security: Key Elements to Unify Efforts Are Underway but Uncertainty Remains: Report to Congressional Requesters. Washington: The Office, June 2002. 34pp. (UA23 .U5314 2002)

U.S. Office of Homeland Security. National Strategy for Homeland Security. Washington: Office of Homeland Security, July 2002. 1 vol. (HV6432 .N17 2002)

White, Jonathan R. "Policy, Liberty, Security, and the Future." In Terrorism: An Introduction, 267-283. 3rd ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Thomson Learning, 2002. (HV6431 .W45 2002)

Yim, Randall A. Combating Terrorism: Critical Components of a National Strategy to Enhance State and Local Preparedness. Washington: U.S. General Accounting Office, 25 March 2002. 22pp. (HV6432 .Y56 2002)

Periodical Articles

Aftergood, Steven. "On Leaks of National Security Secrets: A Response to Michael Hurt." National Security Studies Quarterly 8 (Winter 2002): 97-102.

Brainard, Lael, and Robert E. Litan. "No Stepping Back: Charting America’s International Economic Relations." Brookings Review 21 (Winter 2003): 32-37.

Bush, George W. "Executive Order 13286 -- Amendment of Executive Orders, and Other Actions, in Connection with the Transfer of Certain Functions to the Secretary of Homeland Security." Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 39 (10 March 2003): 268-280.

Cohen, William S. "Principles for a National Security Consensus." The Washington Quarterly 24 (Spring 2001): 75-81.

Comfort, Louise K. "Rethinking Security: Organizational Fragility in Extreme Events." Public Administration Review 62 (September 2002): 98-107. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest. Accessed 13 March 2003.

Conley, Harry W. "Not with Impunity: Assessing US Policy for Retaliating to a Chemical or Biological Attack." Air & Space Power 17 (Spring 2003): 69-79.

Cronin, Audrey Kurth. "Rethinking Sovereignty: American Strategy in the Age of Terror." Survival 44 (Summer 2002): 119-139.

Daalder, Ivo H., and James M. Lindsay. "The Globalization of Politics: American Foreign Policy for a New Century." Brookings Review 21 (Winter 2003): 12-17.

De Lisle, Jacques. "The New Protracted Conflict: The Roles of Law in the Fight against Terrorism." Orbis 46 (Spring 2002): 301-319.

Donley, Michael B., and Neal A. Pollard. "Homeland Security: The Difference between a Vision and a Wish." Public Administration Review 62 (September 2002): 138-144. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest. Accessed 13 March 2003.

Donohue, Laura K., and Juliette N. Kayyem. "Federalism and the Battle over Counterterrorist Law: State Sovereignty, Criminal Law Enforcement, and National Security." Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 25 (January-February 2002): 1-18.

Ferris, Stephen P., and Gordon Livingston. "Economic Espionage as Neo-Mercantilism: National Security Implications." Defense Intelligence Journal 10 (Summer 2001): 13-28.

Flynn, Stephen E. "America the Vulnerable." Foreign Affairs 81 (January-February 2002): 60-74.

Gardels, Nathan. "Anticipatory Defense in the War on Terror." Interview with Condaleezza Rice. New Perspectives Quarterly 19 (Fall 2002): 5-8.

Gould, Jon B. "Playing with Fire: The Civil Liberties Implications of September 11th." Public Administration Review 62 (September 2002): 74-79. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest. Accessed 13 March 2003.

Harder, T.J. "Time to Repeal the Assassination Ban of Executive Order 12333: A Small Step in Clarifying Current Law." Military Law Review 172 (June 2002): 1-39.

Harris, Shane. "Disconnect." Government Executive 34 (September 2002): 71-80.

Hehir, J. Bryan. "The New National Security Strategy." America 188 (7 April 2003): 8-12.

Hurt, Michael. "Leaking National Security Secrets: Effects on Security and Measures to Mitigate." National Security Studies Quarterly 7 (Autumn 2001): 1-38.

Jablonsky, David. "The State of the National Security State." Parameters 32 (Winter 2002-2003): 4-20.

Johnson, Rebecca, and Micah Zenko. "All Dressed Up and No Place to Go: Why NATO Should Be on the Front Lines in the War on Terror." Parameters 32 (Winter 2002-2003): 48-63.

Kagan, Robert, Christoph Bertram, and Francois Heisbourg. "One Year After: A Grand Strategy for the West?" Survival 44 (Winter 2002): 135-156.

Litan, Robert, and Peter Orszag. "A Complicated Intersection." Brookings Review 20 (Summer 2002): 20-23.

Litwak, Robert S. "The Imperial Republic after 9/11." Wilson Quarterly 26 (Summer 2002): 76-82.

Litwak, Robert S. "The New Calculus of Pre-Emption." Survival 44 (Winter 2002): 53-79.

Mazaar, Michael J. "Acting Like a Leader." Survival 44 (Winter 2002): 107-119.

McCaffrey, Barry R. "Challenges to U.S. National Security." Armed Forces Journal International 139 (July 2002): 6+.

Newmann, William W. "Reorganizing for National Security and Homeland Security." Public Administration Review 62 (September 2002): 126-137. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest. Accessed 13 March 2003.

Pape, Matthew S. "Can We Put the Leaders of the ‘Axis of Evil’ in the Crosshairs?" Parameters 32 (Autumn 2002): 62-71.

Peckenpaugh, Jason. "Building Behemoth." Government Executive 34 (September 2002): 48-56.

Record, Jeffrey. "The Bush Doctrine and War with Iraq." Parameters 33 (Spring 2003): 4-21.

Relyea, Harold C. "The Law: Homeland Security: The Concept and the Presidential Coordination Office - - First Assessment." Presidential Studies Quarterly 32 (June 2002): 397-411.

Seiple, Chris. "The New Protracted Conflict: Homeland Security Concepts and Strategy." Orbis 46 (Spring 2002): 259-273.

Sicherman, Harvey. "The New Protracted Conflict: Finding a Foreign Policy." Orbis 46 (Spring 2002): 215-227.

Stevenson, Jonathan. "How Europe and America Defend Themselves." Foreign Affairs 82 (March-April 2003): 75-90.

Taylor, Stuart, Jr. "Rights, Liberties, and Security: Recalibrating the Balance after September 11." Brookings Review 21 (Winter 2003): 25-31.

Waugh, William L., Jr., and Richard T. Sylves. "Organizing the War on Terrorism." Public Administration Review 62 (September 2002): 145-153. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest. Accessed 13 March 2003.

Wise, Charles R. "Organizing for Homeland Security." Public Administration Review 62 (March-April 2002): 131-144. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest. Accessed 13 March 2003.

Woolsey, R. James. "World War IV: An Address Delivered at the Restoration Weekend." Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International, 9, no. 1 (2002): 23-30.

Web Sites

Bush, George W. Executive Order (EO) 13292. Further Amendment to Executive Order 12958, as Amended, Classified National Security Information. 25 March 03. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/03/20030325-11.html

Bush, George W. Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD) 1. Organization and Operation of the Homeland Security Council. 29 October 2001. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2001/10/20011030-1.html

Bush, George W. Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD) 2. Combating Terrorism through Immigration Policies. 29 October 2001. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2001/10/20011030-2.html

Bush, George W. Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD) 3. Homeland Security Advisory System. 12 March 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/03/20020312-5.html

Bush, George W. Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD) 5. Management of Domestic Incidents. 28 February 2003. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030228-9.html

Bush, George W. National Security Presidential Directive (NSPD) 5. Review of U.S. Intelligence. Full-text not available. 9 May 2001. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/nspd/nspd-5.htm

Bush, George W. National Security Presidential Directive (NSPD) 15. National Space Policy Review. Fact sheet. 28 June 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/nspd/nspd-15.htm

Bush, George W. National Security Presidential Directive (NSPD 17/HSPD 4). National Strategy to Combat Weapons of Mass Destruction. Unclassified version. 11 December 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/nspd/nspd-17.html

Bush, George W. National Security Presidential Directive (NSPD) 19. Review of Defense Trade Export Policy and National Security. Fact sheet. 21 November 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/nspd/deftrade.html

Bush, George W. National Security Presidential Directive (NSPD) 23. National Policy on Ballistic Missile Defense. 16 December 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/nspd/nspd-23.htm

Cilluffo, Frank, et al. Defending America in the 21st Century: New Challenges, New Organizations, and New Policies. Executive Summary. 2000. Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.csis.org/homeland/reports/defendamer21stexecsumm.pdf

Clinton, William J. Presidential Decision Directive (PDD) 62. Combating Terrorism: Fact Sheet. 22 May 1998. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/pdd-62.htm

David, Ruth. "Homeland Security: Building a National Strategy." Journal of Homeland Security July 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.homelandsecurity.org/journal/Articles/davidnatstrategy06282002.html

Decker, Raymond J. Combating Terrorism: Observations on National Strategies Related to Terrorism. U.S. General Accounting Office, 3 March 2003. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d03519t.pdf

Doyle, Charles. The USA Patriot Act: A Sketch. 18 April 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.fas.org/irp/crs/RS21203.pdf

The Joint Chiefs of Staff. Overview of National Security Structure. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.dtic.mil/jcs/

Jones, Omar J., IV, and Kelley Reese, eds. National Security for a New Era: Focusing National Power: Final Report from the Thirty-First Annual IFPA-Fletcher Security Conference. 14-15 November 2001. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.ifpafletcherconference.com/2001/ffinal2001.pdf

Moteff, John D. Critical Infrastructures: Background, Policy, and Implementation. CRS Report for Congress updated 10 February 2003. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.fas.org/irp/crs/RL30153.pdf

Rosenzweig, Paul, and Michael Scardaville. "The Need to Protect Civil Liberties While Combating Terrorism: Legal Principles and the Total Information Awareness Program."6 February 2003. Heritage Foundation. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://new.heritage.org/Research/HomelandDefense/lm6.cfm

Scardaville, Michael, and Jack Spencer. "Federal Homeland Security Policy: A Nine-Month Assessment. Heritage Foundation Backgrounder #1563. 25 June 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://new.heritage.org/Research/NationalSecurity/BG1563.cfm

U.S. Congress. Aviation and Transportation Security Act of 2001. 19 November 2001. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.house.gov/transportation/aviation/3150issues.html

U.S. Congress. Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act of 2002. 12 March 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2002_cr/h031202.html

U.S. Congress. Homeland Security Act of 2002. 19 November 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://news.findlaw.com/cnn/docs/terrorism/hsa2002.pdf

U.S. Congress. Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002. 25 November 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.securitymanagement.com/library/S1214_Marine0103.pdf

U.S. Congress. Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002. 12 June 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/ncie/pdf/bioterrorism_final.pdf

U.S. Congress. Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA Patriot) Act. 25 October 2001. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.eff.org/Privacy/Surveillance/Terrorism_militias/20011025_hr3162_usa_patriot_bill.html

U.S. Department of State. International Contributions to the War against Terrorism. Fact Sheet. 14 June 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.state.gov/coalition/cr/fs/12753.htm

U.S. Department of State. Homeland Security Initiatives. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.state.gov/coalition/cr/13317.htm

U.S. Department of State. Homeland Defense. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://usinfo.state.gov/topical/pol/terror/homeland.htm

U.S. National Security Agency. About the National Security Agency. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.nsa.gov/about_nsa/index.html

U.S. Senate. Nuclear Security Act of 2003. To amend the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 and the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974. 9 January 2003. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.theorator.com/bills108/s131.html

U.S. Senate. The U.S.A. Patriot Act in Practice: Shedding Light on the FISA (Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act) Process. Congressional Record S9109-9110 of joint statement by Senators. 24 September 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2002_cr/hatch-fisa.html

The White House. Economic Report of the President: Transmitted to the Congress together with the Annual Report of the Council of Economic Advisers. February 2003. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://w3.access.gpo.gov/usbudget/fy2004/pdf/2003_erp.pdf

The White House. National Security Council. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.whitehouse.gov/nsc/

The White House. The President’s National Drug Control Strategy. February 2003. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/policy/ndcs03/index.html

 

Domestic Preparedness, and Consequence Management

Books and Documents

Bevelacqua, Armando, and Richard Stilp. Terrorism Handbook for Operational Responders. Albany, NY: Delmar/Thompson Learning, 2002. 110pp. (HV6432 .B48 2002)

Bremer, L. Paul, III, Edwin Meese, III, and Kim R. Holmes. Defending the American Homeland: A Report of The Heritage Foundation Homeland Security Task Force. Washington: Heritage Foundation, 2002. 101pp. (UA927 .H27 2002)

Buck, George. Preparing for Biological Terrorism: An Emergency Services Planning Guide. Albany, NY: Delmar/Thomson Learning, 2002. 329pp. (HV6432 .B835 2002)

Buck, George. Preparing for Terrorism: An Emergency Services Guide. Albany, NY: Delmar/Thomson Learning, 2002. 379pp. (HV6432 .B83 2002)

Chiles, James R. Inviting Disaster: Lessons from the Edge of Technology: An Inside Look at Catastrophes and Why They Happen. New York: HarperBusiness, 2001. 338pp. (T174.5 .C57 2001)

Cordesman, Anthony H., and Justin G. Cordesman. Cyber-Threats, Information Warfare, and Critical Infrastructure Protection: Defending the U.S. Homeland. Westport: Praeger, 2002. 189pp. (UA929.95 .E43C67 2002)

Dalton, Patricia A. Combating Terrorism: Intergovernmental Cooperation in the Development of a National Strategy to Enhance State and Local Preparedness. Washington: U.S. General Accounting Office, 2 April 2002. 22pp. (HV6432 .D36 2002)

DeBorchgrave, Arnaud, ed., et al. Cyber Threats and Information Security: Meeting the 21st Century Challenge: A Report of the CSIS Homeland Defense Project. Washington: CSIS Press, May 2001. 38pp. (QA76.9 .A25C93 2001)

Dershowitz, Alan M. "Can Rights Be Suspended for Emergencies?: Can It Happen Here? Civil Liberties in a National Emergency." In Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age, 416-430. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 2002. (JC599 .U5D26 2002)

DiDuro, John, et al. A Practical Approach to Integrating Information Security into Federal Enterprise Architectures. McLean, VA: U.S. Logistics Management Institute, 2002. 45pp. (U168 .L642P62 2002)

Farazmand, Ali, ed. Handbook of Crisis and Emergency Management. New York: Marcel Dekker, 2001. 788pp. (HV551.3 .H15 2001)

Federal Emergency Management Agency. United States Government Interagency Domestic Terrorism Concept of Operations Plan (CONPLAN). Washington: Federal Emergency Management Agency, January 2001. 1 vol. (HV6432 .U557 2001)

Grohoski, David C. A Systems Approach to Assessing the Vulnerabilities of U.S. Domestic Sea Ports to Acts of Sabotage and Terrorism. Newport, RI: Naval War College, Advanced Research Department, 1996. 62pp. (V420 .G64 1996)

Hodgkinson, Peter E., and Michael Stewart. Coping with Catastrophe: A Handbook of Post-Disaster Psychosocial Aftercare. 2nd ed. New York: Routledge, 1998. 257pp. (HV553 .H641 1998)

Hoffman, Bruce, and Peter Chalk. Security in the Nation’s Capital and the Closure of Pennsylvania Avenue: An Assessment. Santa Monica: Rand, 2002. 63pp. (HV6432 .H638 2002)

International Crisis Group. War in Iraq: Managing Humanitarian Relief. Brussels: International Crisis Group, 27 March 2003. 31pp. (JZ5595 .I28 no. 12)

Jackson, Brian A., et al. Protecting Emergency Responders: Lessons from Terrorist Attacks. Santa Monica: Rand, 2002. 89pp. (T55.3 .P75P65 2002)

Jackson, Michael P. Securing America’s Airports and Waterways: The Role of the U.S. Department of Transportation. Washington: Heritage Foundation, 2002. 5pp. (HD87 .H26 no. 746)

Janker, Peter S. United States Homeland Security and National Biometric Identification. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 26pp. (AD-A404-488)

Kaminer, Wendy. Free for All: Defending Liberty in America Today. Boston: Beacon Press, 2002. 235pp. (KF4750 .K36 2002)

Manning, Frederick J., and Lewis Goldfrank, eds. Preparing for Terrorism: Tools for Evaluating the Metropolitan Medical Response System Program. Washington: National Academy Press, 2002. 310pp. (RA645.5 .I57 2002)

McDonnell, Michael D., and William R. Schilling. "Emergency Response Management at the National Operations Centers." In Nontraditional Warfare: Twenty-First-Century Threats and Responses, ed. William R. Schilling, 139-147. Washington: Brassey’s, 2002. (UA23 .N66 2002)

Murphy, Dennis. Business and Security in a Wired World. Issues paper. Carlisle: U.S. Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership, July 2002. 4pp. (U413 .C75 17 02-07)

National Strategy Forum. Prudent Preparation: What Can I Do in the Event of a Mass Casualty Incident? Chicago: National Strategy Forum, 2003. 43pp. (UA927 .P67 2003)

O’Hanlon, Michael E., et al. "Consequence Management." In Protecting the American Homeland: One Year On, 67-76. Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2003. (UA927 .P762 2003)

Ostermann, Henry J. Weapons of Mass Destruction, Consequence Management and the Role of the Veterans Health Administration. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 33pp. (AD-A401-062)

Parker, Henry S. Agricultural Bioterrorism: A Federal Strategy to Meet the Threat. Washington: National Defense University, Institute for National Strategic Studies, 2002. 103pp. (U411.16 .M12 no. 65)

Posner, Paul L. Combating Terrorism: Intergovernmental Partnership in a National Strategy to Enhance State and Local Preparedness. Washington: U.S. General Accounting Office, 22 March 2002. 22pp. (HV6432 .P67 2002)

Sifton, David W. PDR Guide to Biological and Chemical Warfare Response. Montvale, NJ: Thomson/Physicians’ Desk Reference, 2002. 404pp. (RA647 .P37 2002)

Teeples, Joe. Homeland Defense: "Building Corporate Castles". Bloomington: 1st Books, 2002. 316pp. (HV6431 .T23 2002)

Tussing, Bert B., and Jeffrey C. Reynolds, eds. Responding to Terror: A Report of the U.S. Army War College Consequence Management Symposium, 21-23 August 2001. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership, May 2002. 260pp. (U413 .C75R28 2002)

U.S. General Accounting Office. Combating Terrorism: Selected Challenges and Related Recommendations: Report to Congressional Committees. Washington: U.S. General Accounting Office, 20 September 2001. 209pp. (HV6432 .U541 2001)

U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency. International Cooperation in Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Management. Washington: Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2000. 2 vols. (HV544.5 .I68 2000)

U.S. Training and Doctrine Command, et al. Multiservice Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Aspects of Consequence Management. Field Manual 3-11.21. Fort Monroe, VA: TRADOC, 12 December 2001.

Wallis, Rodney. How Safe Are Our Skies?: Assessing the Airlines’ Response to Terrorism. Westport: Praeger, 2003. 201pp. (HE9779 .W35 2003)

Waugh, William L., Jr. Living with Hazards, Dealing with Disasters: An Introduction to Emergency Management. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2000. 229pp. (HV551.3 .W38 2000)

Yim, Randall A. National Preparedness: Integration of Federal, State, Local and Private Sector Efforts Is Critical to an Effective National Strategy for Homeland Security. Washington: U.S. General Accounting Office, 11 April 2002. 28pp. (HV6432 .Y565 2002)

Periodical Articles

Arpin, John R. "Creating an Omniscient Sentinel: A National Infrastructure Protection Agency Would Help Shield U.S. Homeland." Armed Forces Journal 140 (March 2003): 34-38.

Badolato, Edward V. "Maritime Security: Revamping Protection of America’s Ports and Seaways." Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International 8, no. 3 (2002): 12-14.

Brennan, Christopher. "Defending the Homeland - Part One: Municipal Agencies and the War on Terrorism: The Need to Develop Standard Guidelines." Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International 8, no. 4 (2002): 14-15.

Bush, George W. "Statement on Domestic Preparedness against Weapons of Mass Destruction." Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents 37 (14 May 2001): 718-719.

Carter, Ashton, John Deutch, and Philip Zelikow. "Catastrophic Terrorism: Tackling the New Danger." Foreign Affairs 77 (November-December 1998): 80-94.

Clyde, Robert A. "Guarding against Network Attacks." Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International 9, no. 1 (2003): 39-43.

Cohen, Steven, William Eimicke, and Jessica Horan. "Catastrophe and the Public Service: A Case Study of the Government Response to the Destruction of the World Trade Center." Public Administration Review 62 (September 2002): 24-32. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest. Accessed 11 March 2003.

Davis, Paul. "Defending the Homeland – Part Two: Partnerships Are Key to Homeland Security in Pennsylvania." Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International 8, no. 4 (2002): 16-18.

Dubnick, Melvin J. "Postscripts for a ‘State of War’: Public Administration and Civil Liberties after September 11." Public Administration Review 62 (September 2002): 86-91. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest. Accessed 11 March 2003.

Falkenrath, Richard A. "Problems of Preparedness." International Security 25 (Spring 2001): 147-186.

Frederickson, H. George, and Todd R. LaPorte. "Airport Security, High Reliability, and the Problem of Rationality." Public Administration Review 62 (September 2002): 33-43.  Database on-line. Available from ProQuest. Accessed 11 March 2003.

Friel, Brian. "All for One." Government Executive 35 (April 2003): 12-16.

Glendening, Parris N. "Governing after September 11th: A New Normalcy." Public Administration Review 62 (September 2002): 21-23. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest. Accessed 11 March 2003.

Harris, Shane. "It Takes A Tragedy." Government Executive 35 (March 2003): 45-48.

Hills, Alice. "Responding to Catastrophic Terrorism." Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 25 (July-August 2002): 245-261.

Katz, Rebecca. "Public Health Preparedness: The Best Defense against Biological Weapons." Washington Quarterly 25 (Summer 2002): 69-82.

Pangi, Robyn. "Consequence Management in the 1995 Sarin Attacks on the Japanese Subway System." Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 25 (November-December 2002): 421-448.

Peckenpaugh, Jason. "Under One Roof." Government Executive 35 (April 2003): 26-32.

Roberts, Steven. "Defense-in-Depth Domestic Security." Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International 8, no. 2 (2002): 6-8.

Scardaville, Michael. "Emphasize How, Now How Much in Domestic Preparedness Spending." Heritage Foundation Backgrounder, no. 1628 (27 February 2003): 1-4.

Seiple, Chris. "Consequence Management: Domestic Response to Weapons of Mass Destruction." Parameters 27 (Autumn 1997): 119-134.

Waeckerle, Joseph F. "Domestic Preparedness for Events Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction." The Journal of the American Medical Association 283 (12 January 2000): 252-254.

Web Sites

Advisory Panel to Assess Domestic Response Capabilities for Terrorism Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction. Third Annual Report to the President and the Congress: III. For Ray Downey (Gilmore Commission Report). 15 December 2001. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.rand.org/nsrd/terrpanel/terror3-screen.pdf

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Public Health Emergency Preparedness & Response. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.bt.cdc.gov/

Dixon, David. "Is Density Dangerous? The Architects’ Obligations after the Towers Fell." Perspectives on Preparedness no. 12, October 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://bcsia.ksg.harvard.edu/publication.cfm?program=ISP&ctype=paper&item_id=342

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). National Preparedness: Preparing the Nation for All Hazards. Accessed 31March 2003. http://www.fema.gov/onp/ncb.shtm

Grannis, David. "Sustaining Domestic Preparedness: Challenges in a Post 9/11 World." Perspectives on Preparedness no. 14, October 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://bcsia.ksg.harvard.edu/BCSIA_content/documents/Sustaining_Domestic_Preparedness.PDF

Harvard University. Executive Session on Domestic Preparedness. John F. Kennedy School of Government, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://bcsia.ksg.harvard.edu/research.cfm?program=isp&project=esdp&ln=research&pb_id=73&gma=19&gmi=39

Keating, Frank. "Catastrophic Terrorism – Local Response to a National Threat." August 2001. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.homelandsecurity.org/journal/Articles/Keating.htm

National Emergency Management Association (NEMA). A Governor’s Primer on All-Hazards Emergency Management. 2002-2003. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.nemaweb.org/docs/Gov_Primer.pdf

National Governors Association (NGA) Center for Best Practices. Domestic Preparedness Checklist. Accessed 31 March 2003.  http://www.nga.org/cda/files/DomPrepChecklist.pdf

 

Office of Homeland Security. State and Local Actions for Homeland Security. July 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003 http://www.whitehouse.gov/homeland/stateandlocal/State_and_Local_Actions_for_HomelandSecurity.pdf

Pangi, Robyn. "Preparing for Terrorism: What Governors and Mayors Should Do." Perspectives on Preparedness 2 November 2001. Accessed 31 March  2003 http://bcsia.ksg.harvard.edu/publication.cfm?program=ISP&ctype=book&item_id=75

Texas A&M University. Public Policy Research Institute: Homeland Security Disaster and Emergency Management Information Network (DENIM). Accessed 31 March 2003. http://ppri.tamu.edu/homeland_security/index_home.html

U.S. Conference of Mayors. A National Action Plan for Safety and Security in America in America’s Cities. December 2001. Accessed 11 March 2003. http://www.homelandsecurity.org/hls/actionplan.pdf

U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Ready.Gov. Accessed 11 March 2003.  http://www.ready.gov/

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. EPA Counter Terrorism Publications. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://yosemite.epa.gov/oswer/ceppoweb.nsf/content/ct-publ.htm

The White House. State and Local Actions for Homeland Security. July 2002. Accessed 31 March 2003. http://www.whitehouse.gov/homeland/stateandlocal/index.html

 

Intelligence

Books and Documents

Aid, Matthew M., and Cees Wiebes, eds. "Introduction: The Importance of Signals Intelligence in the Cold War." In Secrets of Signals Intelligence during the Cold War and Beyond, 1-26. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2001. (UB255 .S43 2001)

Andrew, Christopher. For the President’s Eyes Only: Secret Intelligence and the American Presidency from Washington to Bush. New York: HarperCollins, 1995. 660pp. (JK468 .I6A844 1995)

Baer, Robert. See No Evil: The True Story of a Ground Soldier in the CIA’s War on Terrorism. New York: Crown, 2002. 284pp. (JK468 .I6B34 2002)

Begert, Matt, and Dan Lindsay. "Intelligence Preparation for Operations." In Non-State Threats and Future Wars, ed. Robert J. Bunker, 133-143. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2003. (UA10.5 .N65 2003)

Best, Richard A., Jr. Intelligence Issues for Congress. Washington: Congressional Research Service, 2002. 16pp. (JK468 .I6B481 2002)

Campbell, Kurt M., and Michele A. Flournoy. "Intelligence: The Long Pole in the Tent." In To Prevail: An American Strategy for the Campaign against Terrorism, 77-89. Washington: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 20 December 2001. (HV6432 .C36 2001)

Commission on the Roles and Capabilities of the United States Intelligence Community. Preparing for the 21st Century: An Appraisal of U.S. Intelligence. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996. 1 vol. (JK468 .I6C62 1996)

Eisendrath, Craig, ed. National Insecurity: U.S. Intelligence after the Cold War. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2000. 241pp. (UB251 .U5N38 2000)

Gertz, Bill. Breakdown: How America’s Intelligence Failures Led to September 11. Washington: Regnery, 2002. 273pp. (UB251 .U6G47 2002)

Godson, Roy., and James J. Wirtz, eds. Strategic Denial and Deception: The Twenty-First Century Challenge. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2002. 256pp. (U167.5 .D37S77 2002)

Herman, Michael. Intelligence Services in the Information Age: Theory and Practice. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2001. 252pp. (UB250 .H47 2001)

Hughes-Wilson, John. Military Intelligence Blunders. New York: Carroll & Graf, 1999. 372pp. (UB250 .H84 1999)

Jeffreys-Jones, Rhodri. The CIA and American Democracy. 3rd ed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003. 338pp. (JK468 .I6J454 2003)

Johnson, Loch K. Bombs, Bugs, Drugs, and Thugs: Intelligence and America’s Quest for Security. New York: New York University Press, 2002. 298pp. (JK468 .I6J53 2002)

Kelly, Patrick, III. Intelligence Support to Homeland Security: Supporting the Supporting Effort. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 54pp. (AD-A404-363)

Odom, William E. Fixing Intelligence for a More Secure America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003. 230pp. (UB251 .U5O25 2003)

Ormond, Valerie A. The Role of Intelligence Analysis in the War on Terrorism. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 35pp. (AD-A404-851)

Rumsfeld, Donald H. "Investing in Space, Information and Intelligence." In Report of the Secretary of Defense to the President and the Congress, 93-101. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002. (UA23 .A51S2 2002)

Rustmann, F.W., Jr. CIA, Inc.: Espionage and the Craft of Business Intelligence. Washington: Brassey’s, 2002. 217pp. (HD38.7 .R87 2002)

Salazar, Steven L. "Transforming the Intelligence Community." In Transformation Concepts for National Security in the 21st Century, ed. Williamson Murray, 247-286. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 2002. (U413 .A66S651 2002)

Schulhofer, Stephen J. The Enemy Within: Intelligence Gathering, Law Enforcement, and Civil Liberties in the Wake of September 11. New York: Century Foundation Press, 2002. 83pp. (JC599 .U5S13 2002)

Shelby, Richard C. September 11 and the Imperative of Reform in the U.S. Intelligence Community: Additional Views of Senator Richard C. Shelby, Vice Chairman, Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. Washington: Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, 10 December 2002. 84pp. (JK468 .I6S32 2002)

Steele, Robert D. The New Craft of Intelligence: Achieving Asymmetric Advantage in the Face of Nontraditional Threats. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, February 2002. 53pp. (U413 .A66S722 2002)

Steele, Robert D. The New Craft of Intelligence: Personal, Public, & Political: Citizen’s Action Handbook for Fighting Terrorism, Genocide, Disease, Toxic Bombs, & Corruption. Oakton, VA: OSS International Press, 2002. 438pp. (JK468 .I6S742 2002)

Stessens, Guy. "The Role of Financial Intelligence Units in Combating Money Laundering." In Money Laundering: A New International Law Enforcement Model, 183-199. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000. (HV8079 .M64S72 2000)

Treverton, Gregory F. Reshaping National Intelligence in an Age of Information. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001. 266pp. (UB251 .U5T74 2001)

U.S. Congress. Findings of the Final Report of the Joint Inquiry into the Terrorist Attacks of September 11, 2001. "Part I – Findings and Conclusions: Factual Findings." Washington: House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, 10 December 2002. 12pp. (JK468 .I6J561 2002)

U.S. Congress. Recommendations of the Final Report of the Joint Inquiry into the Terrorist Attacks of September 11, 2001. Washington: House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, 10 December 2002. 20pp. (JK468 .I6J562 2002)

U.S. Office of Homeland Security. "Intelligence and Warning." In National Strategy for Homeland Security, 15-19. Washington: Office of Homeland Security, July 2002. (HV6432 .N17 2002)

Periodical Articles

Ackerman, Robert K. "Intelligence Re-Engineers for Homeland Security." Signal 57 (November 2002): 35-37.

Ackerman, Robert K. "Legacy Organizations Hinder Intelligence Effectiveness." Signal 56 (April 2002): 39-42.

Berkowitz, Bruce. "The New Protracted Conflict: Intelligence and the War on Terrorism." Orbis 46 (Spring 2002): 289-300.

Cilluffo, Frank J., Ronald A. Marks, and George C. Salmoiraghi. "The Use and Limits of U.S. Intelligence." The Washington Quarterly 25 (Winter 2002): 61-74.

Clift, A. Denis. "The Play of Intelligence: With Presidents at the Summit." Defense Intelligence Journal 11 (Winter 2002): 105-115.

Clift, A. Denis. "Through the Prism of National Security: The Challenge of Intelligence Sharing." Defense Intelligence Journal 11 (Winter 2002): 97-104.

Goure, Daniel. "Briefing: Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance." Jane’s Defence Weekly 37 (27 February 2002): 24-27.

Harris, Shane. "Homeland Security Cedes Intelligence Role." Government Executive 35 (April 2003): 10.

Henderman, David W., Jr. "Tactical Intelligence." Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International 8, no. 2 (2002): 34-40.

Hirschfeld, Thomas J. "Exaggerating Threats Shortchanges the Future." Proceedings: U.S. Naval Institute 128 (September 2002): 66-69.

Hubbard, Robert L. "Another Response to Terrorism: Reconstituting Intelligence Analysis for 21st Century Requirements." Defense Intelligence Journal 11 (Winter 2002): 71-80.

Hulnick, Arthur S. "The Downside of Open Source Intelligence." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 15 (Winter 2002-2003): 565-579.

Jensen, Mark. Intelligence: An Economic Good." Defense Intelligence Journal 10 (Summer 2001): 67-79.

Jones, Garrett. "Working with the CIA." Parameters 31 (Winter 2001-2002): 28-39.

Kauppi, Mark V. "Counterterrorism Analysis 101." Defense Intelligence Journal 11 (Winter 2002): 39-53.

Levitsky, Melvyn. "Fighting Terrorism: A New Kind of Enemy and a New Kind of War." Defense Intelligence Journal 11 (Winter 2002): 11-15.

Mulrine, Anna, and Nancy Bentrup. "The Power of Secrets." U.S. News & World Report 134 (27 January 2003): 48-50.

Olson, James M. "The 10 Commandments of Counterintelligence." Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International 8, no. 2 (2002): 48-54.

Pillar, Paul R. "Fighting International Terrorism: Beyond September 11th." Defense Intelligence Journal 11 (Winter 2002): 17-26.

Rathmell, Andrew. "Towards Postmodern Intelligence." Intelligence and National Security 17 (Autumn 2002): 87-104.

Russell, Richard L. "Tug of War: The CIA’s Uneasy Relationship with the Military." SAIS Review 22 (Summer 2002): 1-18.

Shelfer, Katherine M., and June M. Verner. "Improving Counterterrorism Analysis: Using Scenarios to Support the Development and Use of Integrated Information Systems."
Defense Intelligence Journal 11 (Winter 2002): 55-70.

Shelton, Paul A. "Cities in Chaos: An Intelligence Challenge." Military Intelligence 28 (January-March 2002): 21-23.

Steele, Robert David. "Crafting Intelligence in the Aftermath of Disaster." International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 15 (Summer 2002): 161-178.

Tenet, George J. "SIGINT (Signals Intelligence) in Context." Defense Intelligence Journal 9 (Summer 2000): 9-12.

Treverton, Gregory F. "Set Up to Fail." Government Executive 34 (September 2002): 64-70.

Web Sites

Dillon, Dana R. "Breaking Down Intelligence Barriers for Homeland Security." Heritage Foundation Backgrounder, no. 1536. Heritage Foundation. 10 April 2002. Accessed 4 April 2003. http://www.heritage.org/Research/NationalSecurity/BG1536.cfm

Central Intelligence Agency. The 2002 Annual Report of the United States Intelligence Community. Director of Central Intelligence. January 2003. Accessed 4 April 2003 http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/Ann_Rpt_2002/index.html

Edwards, John. Senator Edwards Proposes Homeland Intelligence Agency. 13 February 2003. Accessed 4 April 2003. http://edwards.senate.gov/press/2003/0213-pr.html

Federal Bureau of Investigation. War on Terrorism. Accessed 4 April 2003. http://www.fbi.gov/terrorinfo/terrorism.htm

Federation of American Scientists. Intelligence Programs and Systems. Accessed 4 April 2003 .http://www.fas.org/irp/program/index.html

Harris, James W. "Building Leverage in the Long War: Ensuring Intelligence Community Creativity in the Fight against Terrorism." Policy Analysis, no. 439 (16 May 2002). Accessed 4 April 2003.  http://www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa439.pdf

Luikart, Kenneth A. "Homeland Security: Intelligence Indications and Warning." Strategic Insight. Center for Contemporary Conflict. 2 December 2002. Accessed 4 April 2003. http://www.ccc.nps.navy.mil/rsepResources/si/dec02/homeland.asp

National Security Agency. NSA and the Intelligence Community. Accessed 4 April 2003. http://www.nsa.gov/about_nsa/nsa_role.html

Terrorism

Books and Documents

Bernstein, Richard, et al. Out of the Blue: The Story of September 11, 2001, from Jihad to Ground Zero. New York: Times Books, 2002. 287pp. (HV6432 .B27 2002)

Bey, Jacqueline S., comp. Terrorism: A Selected Bibliography. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College Library, December 2001. 40pp. (U413 .Z92T27 2001)

Carr, Caleb. The Lessons of Terror: A History of Warfare against Civilians: Why It Has Always Failed, and Why It Will Fail Again. New York: Random House, 2002. 272pp. (HV6431 .C377 2002)

Cordesman, Anthony H. Terrorism, Asymmetric Warfare, and Weapons of Mass Destruction: Defending the U.S. Homeland. Westport: Praeger, 2002. 448pp. (UA23 .C673 2002)

Crane, Conrad C. Facing the Hydra: Maintaining Strategic Balance While Pursuing a Global War against Terrorism. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 2002. 23pp. (U413 .A66C75 2002)

Cronin, Audrey Kurth. The Diplomacy of Counterterrorism: Lessons Learned, Ignored, and Disputed. Washington: United States Institute of Peace, 2002. 8pp. (JZ5584 .U6 SR no. 80)

Davis, Paul K., and Brian Michael Jenkins. Deterrence & Influence in Counterterrorism: A Component in the War on al Qaeda. Santa Monica: Rand, 2002. 86pp. (HV6431 .D28 2002)

Dershowitz, Alan M. Why Terrorism Works: Understanding the Threat, Responding to the Challenge. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002. 271pp. (HV6431 .D473 2002)

Golding, Peter. The Transformation of Counter Terrorism. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 28pp. (AD-A400-955)

Grosscup, Beau. The Newest Explosions of Terrorism: From the Cold War to the World Trade Center/Pentagon Attacks. Far Hills, NJ: New Horizon Press, 2002. 425pp. (HV6431 .G772 2002)

Gunaratna, Rohan. Inside Al Qaeda: Global Network of Terror. New York: Columbia University Press, 2002. 271pp. (HV6431 .G853 2002)

Hamm, Mark S. In Bad Company: America’s Terrorist Underground. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 2002. 336pp. (HV6432.5 .A79H36 2002)

Howard, Russell D., Reid L. Sawyer, and Barry R. McCaffrey. Terrorism and Counterterrorism: Understanding the New Security Environment: Readings & Interpretations. Guilford, CT: McGraw-Hill, 2003. 628pp. (HV6432 .H58 2003)

International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism at the Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya. Countering Suicide Terrorism. 2nd ed. Herzliya, Israel: Interdisciplinary Center Projects Publishing House, 2002. 178pp. (HV6431 .C684 2002)

Jenkins, Brian Michael. Countering al Qaeda: An Appreciation of the Situation and Suggestions for Strategy. Santa Monica: Rand, 2002. 30pp. (HV6432.5 .Q25J46 2002)

Luban, David. "The War on Terrorism and the End of Human Rights." In War after September 11, ed. Verna V. Gehring, 51-62. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003. (B105 .W3W16 2003)

Martin, John R., ed. Defeating Terrorism: Strategic Issue Analyses. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 2002. 111pp. (U413 .R32D43 2002)

Nacos, Brigitte L. Mass-Mediated Terrorism: The Central Role of the Media in Terrorism and Counterterrorism. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002. 219pp. (PN4784 .T45N11 2002)

National Research Council. Making the Nation Safer: The Role of Science and Technology in Countering Terrorism. Washington: National Academy Press, 2002. 1 vol. (HV6431 .M353 2002)

Prados, John, ed. America Confronts Terrorism: Understanding the Danger and How to Think About It: A Documentary Record. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2002. 436pp. (HV6432 .A52 2002)

Pyszcynski, Tom, Sheldon Solomon, and Jeff Greenberg. In the Wake of 9/11: The Psychology of Terror. Washington: American Psychological Association, 2003. 227pp. (HV6432 .P97 2003)

Ullman, Harlan. Unfinished Business: Afghanistan, the Middle East and Beyond: Defusing the Dangers That Threaten America’s Security. New York: Citadel Press, 2002. 300pp. (E895 .U45 2002)

White, Jonathan R. Terrorism: An Introduction. 3rd ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Thomson Learning, 2002. 326pp. (HV6431 .W45 2002)

Wilcox, Philip C., Jr., et al. Striking Terror: America’s New War. New York: New York Review Books, 2002. 374pp. (HV6431 .S77 2002)

Periodical Articles

Barnard, Don. "Narco-Terrorism Realities: The Connection between Drugs and Terror." Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International 9, no. 1 (2003): 31-34.

Bertolli, E.R., and C.J. Forkiotis. "Recognizing Unconventional Terrorist Attacks." Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International 8, no. 3 (2002): 20-22.

Betts, Richard K. "The Soft Underbelly of American Primacy: Tactical Advantages of Terror." Political Science Quarterly 117 (Spring 2002): 19-36.

Crelinsten, Ronald D. "Analysing Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism: A Communication Model." Terrorism and Political Violence 14 (Summer 2002): 77-122.

Davis, Paul. "Analyze This: OPSEC Is Key in the War on Terrorism." Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International 8, no. 2 (2002): 22-25.

Davis, Paul. "The U.S. Attorney Offices’ Antiterrorism Task Forces: Preventing Terrorism and Bringing Terrorists to Justice." Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International 8, no. 3 (2002): 4-5.

Delpech, Therese. "The Imbalance of Terror." The Washington Quarterly 25 (Winter 2002): 31-40.

Dolnik, Adam. "Die and Let Die: Exploring Links between Suicide Terrorism and Terrorist Use of Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Weapons." Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 26 (January-February 2003): 17-35.

Gnesotto, Nicole. "Reacting to America." Survival 44 (Winter 2002): 99-106.

Hermansen, John C. "Name Recognition: Technology Aids the Fight against Terrorism." Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International 9, no. 1 (2003): 15-18.

Heymann, Philip B. "Dealing with Terrorism: An Overview." International Security 26 (Winter 2001-2002): 24-38.

Hoffman, Bruce. "Rethinking Terrorism and Counterterrorism since 9/11." Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 25 (September-October 2002): 303-316.

Junot, Pamela. "New Legislation Calls for Increased Antiterrorism Efforts at U.S. Ports." Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International 8, no. 3 (2002): 16-18.

Kibble, David G. "The Attacks of 9/11: Evidence of a Clash of Religions?" Parameters 32 (Autumn 2002): 34-45.

Kurth, James. "The New Protracted Conflict: The War and the West." Orbis 46 (Spring 2002): 321-332.

Lewis, Bernard. "License to Kill: Usama bin Ladin’s Declaration of Jihad." Foreign Affairs 77 (November-December 1998): 14-19.

Mandel, Michael J. "The Cost of Fighting Terrorism." Business Week, no. 3799 (16 September 2002): 26-28.

Mickolus, Edward F. "How Do We Know We’re Winning the War against Terrorissm? Issues in Measurement." Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 25 (May-June 2002): 151-160.

Nacos, Brigitte L. "The Terrorist Calculus behind 9-11: A Model for Future Terrorism?" Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 26 (January-February 2003): 1-16.

Radu, Michael. "The New Protracted Conflict: Terrorism after the Cold War: Trends and Challenges." Orbis 46 (Spring 2002): 275-287.

Roberts, Adam. "Counter-Terrorism, Armed Force and the Laws of War." Survival 44 (Spring 2002): 7-32.

Russell, Richard L. "War and the Iraq Dilemma: Facing Harsh Realities." Parameters 32 (Autumn 2002): 46-61.

Silke, Andrew. "Hunting Terror: Using Offender Profiling to Catch Terrorists." Journal of Counterterrorism and Homeland Security International 8, no. 2 (2002): 28-30.

Simon, Steven. "The New Terrorism: Securing the Nation against a Messianic Foe." Brookings Review 21 (Winter 2003): 18-24.

Sinai, Joshua. "How to Forecast Intentions, Capabilities and Likelihood of Terrorist Groups Resorting to Low Impact Catastrophic Warfare." Journal of Counterterrorism and Homeland Security International 9, no. 1 (2003): 19-22.

Stewart, Charles, and Paul M. Maniscalco. "BioTerrorism Basics." Journal of Counterterrorism and Homeland Security International 8, no. 4 (2002): 24-30.

Stroz, Ed. "Cyberterrorism: An Updated Outlook." Journal of Counterterrorism and Homeland Security International 8, no. 4 (2002): 32-33+.

Szafranski, Richard. "Fighting Stupid, Defending Smart." Aerospace Power Journal 16 (Spring 2002): 87-94.

Tsfati, Yariv, and Gabriel Weimann. "www.terrorism.com: Terror on the Internet." Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 25 (September-October 2002): 317-332.

Weidenbaum, Murray. "Economic Warriors against Terrorism." The Washington Quarterly 25 (Winter 2002): 43-52.

Weintraub, Sidney. "Disrupting the Financing of Terrorism." The Washington Quarterly 25 (Winter 2002): 53-60.

Wirtz, James J. "Counter-Terrorism via Counter-Proliferation." Terrorism and Political Violence 14 (Autumn 2002): 129-140.

Web Sites

Cordesman, Anthony H. Defending America: Terrorist Organisations and States and Weapons of Mass Destruction. Center for Strategic and International Studies. 24 September 2001. Accessed 11 March 2003. http://www.twotigersonline.com/Resources/TerrOrgs%20010924ud.pdf

Cordesman, Anthony H. The Lasting Challenge: A Strategy for Counterterrorism and Asymmetric Warfare. Center for Strategic and International Studies. 30 November 2001. Accessed 11 March 2003. http://www.csis.org/burke/hd/reports/HomelandSpeech113001.pdf

DARPA Information Awareness Office. Terrorisml Information Awareness (TIA) System. Accessed 11 March 2003. http://www.darpa.mil/iao/TIASystems.htm

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978. Accessed 11 March 2003. http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/doj/fisa/

Lewis, James A. Assessing the Risks of Cyber Terrorism, Cyber War and Other Cyber Threats. Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS). December 2002. Accessed 11 March 2003. http://www.csis.org/tech/0211_lewis.pdf

Library of Congress Federal Research Division. Terrorism Studies. Accessed 11 March 2003. http://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/terrorism.htm

Oklahoma City National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT). Accessed 11 March 2003. http://www.mipt.org/

Terrorism Research Center. Accessed 11 March 2003. http://www.homelandsecurity.com/

U.S. Department of State. Counterterrorism Office. Accessed 11 March 2003. http://www.state.gov/s/ct/

U.S. Department of State. Patterns of Global Terrorism 2002. 30 April 2003. Accessed 9 May 2003. http://www.state.gov/s/ct/rls/pgtrpt/2002/

U.S. Office of Management and Budget. Annual Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. June 2002. Accessed 11 March 2003. http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/legislative/nsd_annual_report2001.pdf

 

The Military and Homeland Defense

Books and Documents

Allison, Stephen C. Service Member Resistance to the Department of Defense Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 37pp. (AD-A402-086)

Barbisch, Donna F. Identification of Barriers to the Use of Department of Defense Medical Assets in Support of Federal, State, and Local Authorities to Mitigate the Consequences of Domestic Bioterrorism. Thesis. Charleston: Medical University of South Carolina, 2000. 156pp. (UG447.8 .B37 2000)

Bent, Robert E. "Military Forces Survivability in a Weapons of Mass Destruction Environment." In Nontraditional Warfare: Twenty-First-Century Threats and Responses, ed. William R. Schilling, 17-28. Washington: Brassey’s, 2002. (UA23 .N66 2002)

Berkowitz, Bruce. The New Face of War: How War Will Be Fought in the 21st Century. New York: Free Press, 2003. 257pp. (U163 .B26 2003)

Brennan, Richard. Protecting the Homeland: Insights from Army Wargames. Santa Monica: Rand, 2002. 47pp. (UA23 .B7823 2002)

Carney, John T., Jr., and Benjamin F. Schemmer. No Room for Error: The Covert Operations of America’s Special Tactics Units from Iran to Afghanistan. New York: Ballantine Books, 2002. 334pp. (UA34 .S64C16 2002)

Colpo, Michael. Smell the Coffee: Military Support to Civilian Authorities & Homeland Defense Here & Now. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 1999. 34pp. (AD-A364-099)

Cordesman, Anthony H. Strategic Threats and National Missile Defenses: Defending the U.S. Homeland. Westport: Praeger, 2002. 398pp. (UG743 .C67 2002)

Eaglen, Mackenzie M. A New Look at Readiness: Solving the Army’s Quandary. Arlington: AUSA Institute of Land Warfare, 30 March 2001. 4pp. (UA10.5 .N16 2001-3-30)

Echevarria, Antulio J. The Army and Homeland Security: A Strategic Perspective. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, March 2001. 23pp. (U413 .A66E34 2001)

Elshtain, Jean Bethke. Just War against Terrorism: The Burden of American Power in a Violent World. New York: Basic Books, 2003. 240pp. (HV6432 .E427 2003)

Flournoy, Michele A. "Strengthening Homeland Security." In Transforming America’s Military, ed. Hans Binnendijk, 261-281. Washington: National Defense University Press, 2002. (UA23 .T72 2002)

Friedman, Norman. Seapower as Strategy: Navies and National Interests. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2001. 352pp. (VA50 .F75 2001)

Gallagher, William, and Jay Smith. A Changing of the Guard: Homeland Security and the National Guard. USAWC Senior Service College Fellowship research paper. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 9 April 2002. 50pp. (AD-A404-176)

Gibish, Jane E., comp. Warfare in the 21st Century: A Selected Bibliography. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College Library, August 2001. 40pp. (U413 .Z92W2 2001)

Gillette, Peter. The 2002 Unified Command Plan: Changes and Implications. Arlington: AUSA Institute of Land Warfare, 2003. 8pp. (UA10.5 .N16 2003-2-21)

Hennes, Mark M. Protecting U.S. Facilities: A Framework for Defense. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 23pp. (AD-A400-988)

Hillyard, Michael J. "A Homeland Security Renaissance for the National Guard." In Homeland Security and the Need for Change: Organizing Principles, Governing Institutions, and American Culture, 53-78. Chula Vista, CA: Aventine Press, 2003. (UA927 .H34 2003)

Jackson, Michael P. Active Duty and Reserve Component Roles in America’s Homeland Defense. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2000. 23pp. (AD-A376-307)

Jensen, Daniel J. Homeland Security: Roles and Responsibilities of the National Guard. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 25pp. (AD-A400-964)

Jordan, Martha K. Lessons Learned from History: Implications for Homeland Defense. Amsterdam: Fredonia Books, 2002. 220pp. (E181 .J67 2002)

Kaser, Richard M. The Coast Guard’s Coming of Age: The New Normalcy of Maritime Homeland Security. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 37pp. (AD-A404-695)

Koning, Thomas L. Proposed Supplemental Guidance for the Department of Defense’s Critical Infrastructure Protection Plan. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 34pp. (AD-A401-665)

Kreul, John. The Threat of Terrorism against the U.S. Homeland: What Part Should the Military Play in the Federal Response? Arlington: AUSA Institute of Land Warfare, 2000. 5pp. (UA10.5 .N16 2000-5-2)

Lansford, Tom. "The Military Response to 11 September: Operation Enduring Freedom." In All for One: Terrorism, NATO and the United States, 108-131. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2002. (D860 .L15 2002)

Lehman, John F., and Harvey Sicherman, eds. America the Vulnerable: Our Military Problems and How to Fix Them. Philadelphia: Foreign Policy Research Institute, 2002. 247pp. (UA23 .A437 2002)

Loy, James M. The Role of the Coast Guard in Homeland Security. Washington: Heritage Foundation, 21 December 2001. 7pp. (HD87 .H26 no. 725)

Manwaring, Max G., ed. "…to Insure Domestic Tranquility, Provide for the Common Defence…": Papers from the Conference on Homeland Protection. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 2000. 279pp. (U413 .A66T5 2000)

Mayes, Kelly L. An Analysis of Current United States Homeland Defense Policies. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2000. 18pp. (AD-A378-214)

McKenzie, Kenneth F., Jr. "The Rise of Asymmetric Threats: Priorities for Defense Planning." In QDR 2001: Strategy-Driven Choices for America’s Security, ed. Michele A. Flournoy, 75-106. Washington: National Defense University Press, 2001. (UA23 .Q27 2001)

Medby, Jamison Jo, and Russell W. Glenn. Street Smart: Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield for Urban Operations. Santa Monica: Rand, 2002. 151pp. (U167.5 .S7M43 2002)

Metz, Steven, and Douglas V. Johnson, III. Asymmetry and U.S. Military Strategy: Definition, Background, and Strategic Concepts. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, January 2001. 25pp. (U413 .A66 SR M37 2001)

Odom, William E. "The World of Military Intelligence." In Fixing Intelligence: For a More Secure America, 89-114. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003. (UB251 .U5O25 2003)

O’Hanlon, Michael E. Defense Policy Choices for the Bush Administration. 2nd ed. Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2002. 220pp. (UA23 .O341 2002)

Olsen, Edward A. US National Defense for the Twenty-First Century: The Grand Exit Strategy. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2002. 210pp. (UA23 .O472 2002)

Pasquarett, Michael. Wargaming Homeland Security to Meet the Challenges Confronting 21st Century America. Issues paper. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Center for Strategic Leadership, 2002. 4pp. (U413 .C75 I7 02-03)

Rader, Neil E. Homeland Defense: The Evolution, the Threat, and the Air Force Role. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 34pp. (AD-A402-067)

Romaneski, Mark. Order in the Court: A Strategic Assessment of the Use of Military Commissions in the War on Terrorism. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 36pp. (AD-A404-520)

Ruiz, Benigno Bern. Defending the Homeland: Working at the Seams. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 34pp. (AD-A404-693)

Shanahan, Daniel J. "The Army’s Role in Homeland Security." In Transformation Concepts for National Security in the 21st Century, ed. Williamson Murray, 285-309. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 2002. (U413 .A66A651 2002)

Shope, Virginia C., comp. Coalition Warfare: A Selected Bibliography. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College Library, 1999. 8pp. (U413 .Z92C51 1999)

Singleton, Mark A. First In, Right Choice: The Employment of Special Operations Forces in America’s War against Osama Bin Laden, Al-Qaeda, and Global Terrorism. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 24pp. (AD-A404-724)

Steed, Brian. "A New National Security Focus." In Armed Conflict: The Lessons of Modern Warfare, 17-44. New York: Ballantine Books, 2003. (U21.2 .S72 2003)

Townes, Richard C. The U.S. Army’s Role in Homeland Security: What Changes Are Needed? Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 21p. (AD-A400-987)

U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command. Force Protection: Antiterrorism 1997. Fort Monroe, VA: U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, 1997. 1 vol. (HV6431 .U54 1997)

U.S. Coast Guard. Maritime Strategy for Homeland Security. Coast Guard Publication 3-01. Washington: U.S. Coast Guard Headquarters, December 2002. 38pp. (HJ6645.07 .M16 2002)

U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff. National Military Strategy of the United States of America: Shape, Respond, Prepare Now: A Military Strategy for a New Era. Washington: Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1997. 30pp. (U162 .N17 1997)

U.S. Office of the Deputy Assistant to the Secretary of Defense. Joint Service Chemical and Biological Defense Program: FY02-03 Overview. Washington: Office of the Deputy Assistant to the Secretary of Defense (Chemical Biological Defense), 2002. 80pp. (UG447 .J65 2002)

Periodical Articles

Ackerman, Robert K. "Northern Command Emphasizes Homeland Defense." Signal 57 (January 2003): 17-19.

Ackerman, Robert K. "War Brings Intelligence Agency, Military Closer." Signal 57 (October 2002): 17-20.

Ancker, Clinton J., III. "Vulnerability Assessments for Antiterrorism Force Protection Operations." Military Review 81 (November-December 2001): 11-17.

Andrew, Brad T. "Army Intelligence Support to Homeland Security." Military Intelligence 28 (July-September 2002): 48-51.

Banks, William C. "Troops Defending the Homeland: The Posse Comitatus Act and the Legal Environment for a Military Role in Domestic Counter Terrorism." Terrorism and Political Violence 14 (Autumn 2002): 1-41.

Belknap, Margaret H. "The CNN Effect: Strategic Enabler or Operational Risk?" Parameters 32 (Autumn 2002): 100-114.

Butler, Richard J. "Modern War, Modern Law, and Army Doctrine: Are We in Step for the 21st Century?" Parameters 32 (Spring 2002): 45-59.

Cahil, Dennis J. "Is There a Role for CA in Domestic Support Operations." Special Warfare 14 (Winter 2001): 32-38.

Champness, Michael. "The Role of the US Air Force in Fighting Terrorism at Home." Aerospace Power Journal 16 (Spring 2002): 101-105.

Cirafici, John L. "Closing the Barn Door: Installation Force Protection." Joint Force Quarterly, no. 30 (Spring 2002): 89-93.

Clark, Vern. "Presence, Power, Precision." Sea Power 45 (April 2002): 19-24.

Dobbs, Michael. "Homeland Security…from the Sea." RUSI Journal 147 (August 2002): 58-65.

Flynn, Michael J. "Installation Antiterrorism for Force-Protection Planning." Military Review 82 (March-April 2002): 9-17.

Foxen, Patrick J. "Defining CI and HUMINT Requirements." Military Intelligence 25 (January-March 1999): 47-49.

Garamone, Jim. "Operation Noble Eagle: Defending the Homeland." Combat Edge 10 (January 2002): 4-7.

Grant, Rebecca. "An Air War Like No Other." Air Force Magazine 85 (November 2002): 30-37.

Gray, Colin S. "Thinking Asymmetrically in Times of Terror." Parameters 32 (Spring 2002): 5-14.

Gusentine, R.V. "Asymmetric Warfare – On Our Terms." Proceedings: U.S. Naval Institute 128 (August 2002): 58-61.

Haskell, Bob. "Defending the Home Front." Soldiers 57 (February 2002): 12-14.

Hellman, Christopher. "Funding for Counterterrorism: Who Gets What?" Defense Monitor 31 (September 2002): 6-8.

Hessman, James D. "The Maritime Dimension: The Coast Guard’s Role in Homeland Defense." Sea Power 45 (April 2002): 26-30.

Hines, Jay E. "From Desert One to Southern Watch: The Evolution of U.S. Central Command." Joint Force Quarterly, no. 24 (Spring 2000): 42-48.

Houlihan, Robert. "Defending Homeland Harbors." All Hands, no. 1024 (August 2002): 18-23.

Jones, Jerry W. "CI and HUMINT or HUMINT and CI or CI/HUMINT or TAC HUMINT (Confusing, Isn’t It?)." Military Intelligence 28 (April-June 2002): 28-33.

Kayyem, Juliette N., and Steven E. Roberts. "War on Terrorism Will Compel Revisions to Posse Comitatus." National Defense 87 (December 2002): 41-42.

Kelley, Michael R. "The Shoal Waters of Homeland Security." Proceedings: U.S. Naval Institute 128 (May 2002): 65-70.

Kelly, Patrick, III. "Defining Homeland Security." Military Intelligence 28 (July-September 2002): 10-14.

Kelly, Terrence K. "Transformation and Homeland Security: Dual Challenges for the US Army." Parameters 33 (Summer 2003): 36-50.

Kiper, Richard L. "‘Find Those Responsible’: The Beginnings of Operation Enduring Freedom." Special Warfare 15 (September 2002): 3-5.

Kitfield, James. "The Guard and Reserve Step Up." Air Force Magazine 85 (January 2002): 62-66.

Kuo, S. Didi. "High Ground Over the Homeland: Issues in the Use of Space Assets for Homeland Security." Air & Space Power Journal 17 (Spring 2003): 47-56.

Levite, Ariel E., and Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall. "The Case for Discriminate Force." Survival 44 (Winter 2002-2003): 81-97.

Litwak, Robert S. "The New Calculus of Pre-emption." Survival 44 (Winter 2002-2003): 53-80.

Michalovich, Michial M. "Consequence Management 101: Forming and Deploying a Joint Task Force for Consequence Management." Marine Corps Gazette 84 (September 2000): 36-42.

Nation, R. Craig. "Missile Defence and Homeland Defence: The View from Ground Zero. International Spectator 36 (July – September 2001): 11-18.

Noonan, Michael P., and John Hillen. "The New Protracted Conflict: The Promise of Decisive Action." Orbis 46 (Spring 2002): 229-246.

Peters, Katherine McIntire. "Troops on the Beat: The Military’s Role in Homeland Security Is Growing." Government Executive 35 (April 2003): 56-61.

Posen, Barry R. "The Struggle against Terrorism: Grand Strategy, Strategy, and Tactics." International Security 26 (Winter 2001-2002): 39-55.

Poyner, D. Robert. "A Proposal for Homeland-Defense Organization." Aerospace Power Journal 16 (Spring 2002): 97-100.

Quillen, Chris. "Posse Comitatus and Nuclear Terrorism." Parameters 32 (Spring 2002): 60-74.

Rinaldi, Steven M., Donald H. Leathem, and Timothy Kaufman. "Protecting the Homeland: Air Force Roles in Homeland Security." Aerospace Power Journal 16 (Spring 2002): 77-86.

Roberts, Steven. "Defense-in-Depth: Domestic Security." Journal of Counterterrorism & Homeland Security International 8, no. 2 (2002): 6-8.

Rush, Deborah L. "The Role of Department of Defense Office of Homeland Security." Armed Forces Comptroller 47 (Summer 2002): 31-32.

Sarkesian, Sam C. "The New Protracted Conflict: The U.S. Army Special Forces Then and Now." Orbis 46 (Spring 2002): 247-258.

Scott, William B. "Northern Command Adds Teeth to Homeland Defense, Security." Aviation Week & Space Technology 157 (7 October 2002): 29-30.

Shaughnessy, David J., and Thomas M. Cowan. "Attack on America: The First War of the 21st Century." Military Review 81 (November-December 2001): 1-9.

Smith, Andrew J. "Combating Terrorism." Military Review 82 (January-February 2002): 11-18.

Smith, Regan K. "Homeland Security: An Intelligence Oversight Perspective." Military Intelligence 28 (July-September 2002): 5-8.

Spencer, Jack. "Focusing Defense Resources to Meet National Security Requirements." Heritage Foundation Backgrounder, no. 1638 (21 March 2003): 1-13.

Stewart, Del. "Doctrine Corner: The Challenges of Homeland Defense." Military Intelligence 28 (July-September 2002): 52-55.

Stringer, Kevin. "A Homeland Defense Mission." Military Review 80 (May-June 2000): 98-101.

Thorsen, Howard B. "The Coast Guard in Review." Proceedings: U.S. Naval Institute 128 (May 2002): 92-99.

Tirpak, John A. "The QDR Goes to War." Air Force Magazine 84 (December 2001): 26-31.

Totushek, John B. "Leveraging to Win: Drawing Agility from the Naval Reserve." The Officer 79 (January-February 2003): 91-93.

Trippon, John M. "The Anthrax Scare: Tips for Leaders." Military Review 82 (March-April 2002): 18-23.

Truver, Scott C. "Spearheading Joint Transformation - - And Supporting Homeland Defense." Sea Power 44 (December 2001): 46-48.

Ward, Darryl E. "Intelligence Fusion in Force Protection." Military Intelligence 28 (October-December 2002): 43-47.

"Where Is Defense HUMINT (Human Intelligence) in America’s New War?" Defense Intelligence Journal 11 (Winter 2002): 81-89.

Wijk, Rob de. "The Limits of Military Power." The Washington Quarterly 25 (Winter 2002): 75-92.

Wynn, Gregory A. "The Marine Corp’s Mission of Homeland Security: High Resolve or Overextension?" Marine Corps Gazette 86 (April 2002): 51-53.

Web Sites

Air Force Link. Operation Enduring Freedom – Noble Eagle. Accessed 24 March 2003. http://www.af.mil/news/efreedom/index.shtml

Brake, Jeffrey D. Terrorism and the Military’s Role in Domestic Crisis Management: Background and Issues for Congress. Updated 27 January 2003. Congressional Research Service. Accessed 24 March 2003. http://www.usembassy.it/pdf/other/RL30938.pdf

Cordesman, Anthony H. The New American Approach to Defense: The FY2003 Program: Notes on Homeland Defense, Counterterrorism, Asymmetric Warfare, and Force Transformation. 6 February 2002. Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). Accessed 24 March 2003. http://www.csis.org/burke/hd/reports/FY2003defense.pdf

DefenseLINK. Unified Command Plan. Accessed 24 March 2003. http://www.defenselink.mil/specials/unifiedcommand/

Garamone, Jim. "A Short History of Homeland Defense." DefenseLINK News. 25 October 2001. Accessed 24 March 2003. http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Oct2001/n10252001_200110252.html

Gilmore, Gerry J. "Guard, Reserve Destined for Bigger Homeland Defense Roles." DefenseLINK News. 4 February 2003. Accessed 24 March 2003. http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Feb2003/n02042003_200302045.html

Russell, James. "NORTHCOM to Coordinate DoD Role in Homeland Defense." Strategic Insight 6 May 2002. Center for Contemporary Conflict. Accessed 24 March 2003. http://www.ccc.nps.navy.mil/rsepResources/si/may02/homeland.asp

Spencer, Jack, and Larry M. Wortzel. "The Role of the National Guard in Homeland Security." Heritage Foundation Backgrounder, no. 1532. 8 April 2002. Accessed 24 March 2003. http://www.heritage.org/library/backgrounder/bg 1532.html

U.S. Army. Operation Enduring Freedom. Accessed 24 March 2003. http://www.army.mil/operations/oef/index.html

U.S. Army Soldier and Biological Chemical Command (SBCCOM). Homeland Defense Program. Accessed 24 March 2003.http://hld.sbccom.army.mil/about_us.htm

U.S. Coast Guard. Homeland Security. Accessed 24 March 2003. http://www.uscg.mil/overview/Homeland%20Security2.htm

U.S. Department of Defense. Homeland Defense. Accessed 24 March 2003. http://www.defenselink.mil/specials/homeland/

U.S. Department of Defense Chemical and Biological Defense Program. Annual Report to Congress and Performance Plan. July 2001. Accessed 24 March 2003. http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/chem_bio_def_program/2001_CBDP_Annual_Report.pdf

U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff. Joint Staff Deputy Directorate for Antiterrorism and Force Protection (DDGO AT/FP). Accessed 24 March 2003. http://www.dtic.mil/jcs/force_protection/main.html

U.S. Marine Corps. War Related Press Releases. Accessed 24 March 2003. http://www.usmc.mil/marinelink/mcn2000.nsf/warpress

U.S. Navy. Operations Enduring Freedom/Noble Eagle Pages. Accessed 24 March 2003. http://www.chinfo.navy.mil/navpalib/news/news_stories/pentstruck.html

U.S. Northern Command. Homeland Defense: Homeland Security vs Homeland Defense. Accessed 24 March 2003.http://www.northcom.mil/index.cfm?fuseaction=s.homeland