Human Dimensions of Strategic Leadership

A Selected Bibliography

Compiled by Jacqueline Bey

U.S. Army War College Library

Carlisle Barracks, PA

December 2002





Human Dimensions of Strategic Leadership. The Army has long recognized that regardless of current doctrine and technology, wars are fought by men and women operating under conditions of extreme stress and uncertainty. As such, it is critical that strategic leaders have a deep understanding – derived from a study of history and behavioral sciences — of the complexity of human behavior under such conditions. Equally important, strategic leaders must get the best ideas and viewpoints from all stakeholders if they are to make high-quality decisions that achieve high acceptability among the diverse groups that make up our changing Army and country. Lastly, strategic leaders must thoroughly understand the culture of the organizations they lead, how to influence that culture, and how to build healthy, resilient, learning organizations that are equal to the challenges ahead. The successful strategic leader will be one who melds all aspects of the human dimension into the practice of the strategic art.

U.S. Army War College Curriculum Pamphlet Academic Year 2003

 

Preface



Human Dimensions of Strategic Leadership is one of the enduring themes of the U.S. Army War College curriculum. The books, periodical articles, and audiovisuals listed in this bibliography reflect various elements of that theme.

All are available in the U.S. Army War College Library collection. For your convenience we have added our call numbers at the end of each book and document entry. Please keep in mind that call numbers may vary from library to library.

This bibliography is also available on the Internet through our home page at <http://www.carlisle.army.mil/library/>.

For additional information, please contact the Research and Information Services Branch,

U.S. Army War College Library, by sending an e-mail message to usarmy.carlisle.awc.mbx.us-libraryr@mail.mil, or by phoning DSN 242-4260 or Commercial (717) 245-4260.
 

Jacqueline S. Bey, compiler
 
 

Table of Contents



Human Dimensions of Strategic Leadership – General Information . . . . . . . 1

Critical/Creative/Systems Thinking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . 12

Leading and Managing Change . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . . . . . . 16

Military Culture and Organizational Climate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

Civil-Military Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

Negotiation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Combat Related Human Dimensions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
 
 

Human Dimensions of Strategic Leadership – General Information
 
 

"Blessed is the leader who seeks the best for those he serves."

Author Unknown
Books and Documents


Alexandrou, Alex., Richard Bartle, and Richard Holmes, eds. New People Strategies for the British Armed Forces. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2002. 163pp. (UB155 .G7N48 2002)
 

Arbinger Institute. Leadership and Self-Deception: Getting Out of the Box. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler, 2002. 180pp. (HD57.7 .L42 2002)

Barko, William F., and Mark A. Vaitkus, eds. The U.S. Army War College Guide to Executive Health and Fitness. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Army Physical Fitness Research Institute, 2000. 190pp. (U413 .P55U7 2000)

Bell, Chip R.. Managers as Mentors: Building Partnerships for Learning. 2nd ed. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler, 2002. 184pp. (HF5385 .B45 2002)

Bennis, Warren, Gretchen M. Spreitzer, and Thomas G. Cummings, eds. The Future of Leadership: Today’s Top Leadership Thinkers Speak to Tomorrow’s Leaders. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. 316pp. (HD57.7 .F88 2001)

Berglas, Steven. Reclaiming the Fire: How Successful People Overcome Burnout. New York: Random House, 2001. 241pp. (BF481 .B47 2001)

Bey, Jacqueline S., comp. Senior Leadership and Command: A Selected Bibliography. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College Library, 2001. 40pp. (U413 .Z92S45 2001)

Blair, Margaret M., and Thomas A. Kochan, eds. The New Relationship: Human Capital in the American Corporation. Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2000. 395pp. (HF5549 .N49 2000)

Brostek, Michael, and Barry Holman. Human Capital: Strategic Approach Should Guide DOD Civilian Workforce Management. Washington: U.S. General Accounting Office, 2000. 19pp. (UB193 .B75 2000)

Cherrie, Stanley. "The Human in Command: A Personal View." In The Human in Command: Exploring the Modern Military Experience, eds. Carol McCann, and Ross Pigeau, 17-28. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 2000. (UB212 .H86 2000)

Chowdhury, Subir. Management 21C: Someday We’ll All Manage This Way. New York: Prentice Hall, 2000. 289pp. (HD31 .C46 2000)

Cloke, Ken, and Joan Goldsmith. The End of Management and the Rise of Organizational Democracy. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2002. 310pp. (HD58.8 .C56 2002)

Coffman, David W. Operational Art and the Human Dimension of Warfare in the 21st Century. Newport, RI: U.S. Naval War College, Department of Joint Military Operations, 1999. 24pp. (V420 .C52 1999)

Collins, Joseph J., and T.O. Jacobs. "Trust in the Profession of Arms." In The Future of the Army Profession, ed. Lloyd J. Matthews, 39-58. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2002. (UB147 .F87 2002)

Conger, Jay A. Winning ‘Em Over: A New Model for Managing in the Age of Persuasion. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998. 224pp. (HD66 .C565 1998)

Dotlich, David L., and Peter C. Cairo. Unnatural Leadership: Going against Intuition and Experience to Develop Ten New Leadership Instincts. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2002. 268pp. (HD57.7 .D68 2002)

Downs, Alan. Beyond the Looking Glass: Overcoming the Seductive Culture of Corporate Narcissism. New York: AMACOM, 1997. 222pp. (HD70 .U5D68 1997)

Forsythe, George B., et al. "Making Sense of Officership: Developing a Professional Identity for 21st Century Army Officers." In The Future of the Army Profession, ed. Lloyd J. Matthews, 357-378. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2002. (UB147 .F87 2002)

Gibish, Jane E., comp. Mentorship: A Selected Bibliography. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College Library, 2002. 20pp. (U413 .Z92M25 2002)

Goleman, Daniel, Richard Boyatzis, and Annie McKee. Primal Leadership: Realizing the Power of Emotional Intelligence. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2002. 306pp. (HD57.7 .G54 2002)

Haass, Richard. The Bureaucratic Entrepreneur: How to Be Effective in Any Unruly Organization. Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 1999. 198pp. (JF1351 .H22 1999)

Harkins, Phil. Powerful Conversations: How High-Impact Leaders Communicate. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1999. 192pp. (HD30.3 .H37 1999)

Heil, Gary, Warren Bennis, and Deborah C. Stephens. Douglas McGregor, Revisited: Managing the Human Side of the Enterprise. New York: Wiley, 2000. 196pp. (HF5549 .H23 2000)

Hersey, Paul, Kenneth H. Blanchard, and Dewey E. Johnson. Management of Organizational Behavior: Leading Human Resources. 8th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2001. 516pp. (HD58.7 .H46 2001)

Hooijberg, Robert, R. Craig Bullis, and James G. Hunt. "Behavioral Complexity and the Development of Military Leadership for the Twenty-First Century." In Out-of-the-Box Leadership: Transforming the Twenty-First Century Army and Other Top-Performing Organizations, eds. James G. Hunt, George E. Dodge, and Leonard Wong, 111-130. Stamford, CT: Jai Press, 1999. (UB210 .O93 1999)

Horn, Bernd, and Stephen J. Harris, eds. Generalship and the Art of the Admiral: Perspectives on Canadian Senior Military Leadership. St. Catherines, Ontario: Vanwell, 2001. 560pp. (UB415 .C2G46 2001)

Howard, Ann. "Identifying, Assessing, and Selecting Senior Leaders." In The Nature of Organizational Leadership: Understanding the Performance Imperatives Confronting Today’s Leaders, eds. Stephen J. Zaccaro, and Richard J. Klimoski, 305-346. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. (HD57.7 .N38 2001)

Jacobs, T. Owen. A Guide to the Strategic Leader Development Inventory. 2nd rev. ed. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 1998. 37pp. (U413 .J12 1998)

Johnson, Douglas V., II, ed. Future Leadership, Old Issues, New Methods. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 2000. 124pp. (U413 .A66F86 2000)

Kaplan, Robert D. Warrior Politics: Why Leadership Demands a Pagan Ethos. New York: Random House, 2002. 198pp. (JZ1253 .K37 2002)

Kolenda, Christopher D., ed. Leadership: The Warrior’s Art. 2nd ed. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College Foundation Press, 2001. 437pp. (UB210 .L21 2001)

Kouzes, James M., and Barry Z. Posner. Credibility: How Leaders Gain and Lose It, Why People Demand It. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1993. 332pp. (HD57.7 .K678 1993)

Krames, Jeffrey A. "Crafting Coalitions: Dealing with Friends and Foes." In The Rumsfeld Way: Leadership Wisdom of a Battle-Hardened Maverick, 93-107. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2002. (HD57.7 .K73 2002)

Lencioni, Patrick. The Five Temptations of a CEO: A Leadership Fable. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1998. 134pp. (PS3562 .E479F5 1998)

Lyon, Joan M.G. Individual Health Readiness - A Leadership Responsibility. USAWC Senior Service College Fellowship paper. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College; Rockville, MD: Department of Health and Human Services, 1999. 35pp. (AD-A366-749)

Mackoff, Barbara, and Gary Wenet. The Inner Work of Leaders: Leadership as a Habit of Mind. New York: AMACOM, 2001. 226pp. (HD57.7 .M335 2001)

Manning, George, Kent Curtis, and Steve McMillen, eds. Building Community: The Human Side of Work. Cincinnati: Thomson Executive Press, 1996. 391pp. (HD66 .B83 1996)

Marquardt, Michael J., and Nancy O. Berger. "Attributes and Competencies of the Twenty-First Century Global Leader." In Global Leaders for the Twenty-First Century, 17-32. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2000. (HD39.2 .M37 2000)

Maslach, Christina, and Michael P. Leiter. The Truth about Burnout: How Organizations Cause Personal Stress and What to Do about It. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1997. 186pp. (HF5548.85 .M17 1997)

Mayo, Andrew. The Human Value of the Enterprise: Valuing People as Assets: Monitoring, Measuring, Managing. Naperville, IL: Nicholas Brealey, 2001. 307pp. (HD53 .M39 2001)

McCall, Morgan W., Jr.. High Flyers: Developing the Next Generation of Leaders. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1998. 254pp. (HD30.4 .M424 1998)

McCann, Carol, and Ross Pigeau, eds. The Human in Command: Exploring the Modern Military Experience. Proceedings of a 1998 NATO Research Technology Organisation (RTO) workshop. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 2000. 441pp. (UB212 .H86 2000)

McCauley, Cynthia D., Russ S. Moxley, and Ellen Van Velsor, eds. The Center for Creative Leadership Handbook of Leadership Development. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass; Greensboro, NC: Center for Creative Leadership, 1998. 481pp. (HD57.7 .C46 1998)

McGregor, Douglas. "The Human Side of Enterprise." In Douglas McGregor Revisited: Managing the Human Side of the Enterprise, Gary Heil, Warren Bennis, and Deborah G. Stephens, 130-144. New York: Wiley, 2000. (HF5549 .H23 2000)

McMaster, Herbert R. Dereliction of Duty: Lyndon Johnson, Robert McNamara, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Lies That Led to Vietnam. New York: HarperCollins, 1997. 446pp. (DS558 .M43 1997)

Murphy, Emmett C., and Mark A. Murphy. Leading on the Edge of Chaos: The 10 Critical Elements for Success in Volatile Times. Paramus, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002. 226pp. (HD57.7 .M76 2002)

Myrer, Anton. Once an Eagle: A Novel. Originally published in 1968. New York: HarperCollins, 2000. 938pp. (PZ4 .M9981 On 2000)

Neff, Thomas J., and James M. Citrin. Lessons from the Top: The Search for America’s Best Business Leaders. 432pp. New York: Currency/Doubleday, 1999. (HD57.7 .N44 1999)

Olmstead, Joseph A. "Executives and Their Subordinates." In Executive Leadership: Building World-Class Organizations, 150-223. Houston: Cashman Dudley, 2000. (HD57.7 .O45 2000)

O’Sullivan, Edmund. "Kindling the Fires of the Soul: Educating the Human Spirit in Our Time." In Transformative Learning: Educational Vision for the 21st Century, 259-281. New York: Zed Books, 1999. (LC196 .O78 1999)

Owen, Hilarie. In Search of Leaders. New York: Wiley, 2000. 168pp. (HD57.7 .O95 2000)

Pearman, Roger R. Hard Wired Leadership: Unleashing the Power of Personality to Become a New Millennium Leader. Palo Alto, CA: Davies-Black, 1998. 238pp. (BF637 .L4P43 1998)

Post, Jerrold M., and Robert S. Robins. When Illness Strikes the Leader: The Dilemma of the Captive King. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993. 234pp. (JF1525 .D4P68 1993)

Preston, Thomas. The President and His Inner Circle: Leadership Style and the Advisory Process in Foreign Affairs. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001. 347pp. (E840 .P747 2001)

Puryear, Edgar F., Jr. American Generalship: Character Is Everything: The Art of Command. Novato: Presidio Press, 2000. 374pp. (UB210 .P81 2000)

Quinn, Robert E., et al. Becoming a Master Manager: A Competency Framework. 3rd ed. New York: Wiley, 2003. 382pp. (HD57.7 .B43 2003)

Rehberg, Carl. "Character: The Cornerstone of Military Leadership." In Spirit, Blood, and Treasure: The American Cost of Battle in the 21st Century, ed. Donald E. Vandergriff, 21-43. Novato: Presidio Press, 2001. (UA23 .S583 2001)

Reichheld, Frederick F. Loyalty Rules!: How Today’s Leaders Build Lasting Relationships. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2001. 213pp. (HF5415.525 .R545 2001)

Reina, Dennis S., and Michelle L. Reina. Trust & Betrayal in the Workplace: Building Effective Relationships in Your Organization. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler, 1999. 175pp. (HD58.7 .R43 1999)

Robins, Robert S., and Jerrold M. Post. "Paranoia in Power: Pol Pot, Idi Amin, and Joseph Stalin." In Political Paranoia: The Psychopolitics of Hatred, 244-275. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997. (JA74.5 .R55 1997)

Robinson, Michael C. Hindsight Serving Foresight: The Role of History in Strategic Leadership. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 1998. 33pp. (AD-A344-884)

Ronfeldt, David. Beware the Hubris-Nemesis Complex: A Concept for Leadership Analysis. Santa Monica: Rand, 1994. 55pp. (HM141 .R66 1994)

Rosen, Bernard Carl. Masks and Mirrors: Generation X and the Chameleon Personality. Westport: Praeger, 2001. 195pp. (HQ799.7 .R67 2001)

Sashkin, Marshall, and William E. Rosenbach. "A New Vision of Leadership." In Military Leadership: In Pursuit of Excellence, eds. Robert L. Taylor, and William E. Rosenbach, 50-72. 4th ed. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000. (UB210 .M553 2000)

Sayles, Andre H. On Diversity. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 1998. 13pp. (U413 .A664 no. 1)

Schell, Bernadette H. Management in the Mirror: Stress and Emotional Dysfunction in Lives at the Top. Westport: Quorum Books, 1999. 251pp. (HD38.2 .S33 1999)

Schiro, James J., ed. Memos to the President: Management Advice from the Nation’s Top CEOs. New York: Wiley, 2000. 237pp. (HD57.7 .M46 2000)

Sheffield, Gary, and Geoffrey Till, eds. Challenges of High Command in the Twentieth Century. Camberley, Surrey: Strategic and Combat Studies Institute, 2000. 142pp. (U163 .S7 no. 38)

Shope, Virginia C., comp. Ethics: A Selected Bibliography. 5th rev. ed. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College Library, 2000. 40pp. (U413 .Z92E73 2000)

Smith, Perry M. Assignment: Pentagon: How to Excel in a Bureaucracy. 3rd rev. ed. Washington: Brassey’s, 2002. 266pp. (UA26 .A745S551 2002)

Snider, Don M., John A. Nagl, and Tony Pfaff. Army Professionalism, the Military Ethic, and Officership in the 21st Century. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 1999. 50pp. (U413 .A66S61 1999)

Spears, Larry C., and Michele Lawrence, eds. Focus on Leadership: Servant-Leadership for the Twenty-First Century. New York: Wiley, 2002. 396pp. (HD57.7 .F638 2002)

Stanley, Julie K. An Analysis of the Psychosocial Development of the Female Strategic Leader. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2000. 39pp. (AD-A377-583)

Steinberg, Alma G., and Diane M. Foley. Leaders’ Guide for Contingency Operations: The Human Dimension. Alexandria: U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, 1998. 32pp. (UB210 .S74 1998)

Terry, Robert W. Seven Zones for Leadership: Acting Authentically in Stability and Chaos. Palo Alto, CA: Davies-Black, 2001. 448pp. (HD57.7 .T466 2001)

Theall, Michael, ed. Motivation from Within: Approaches for Encouraging Faculty and Students to Excel. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1999. 116pp. (LB1025.2 .N45 no. 78)

U.S. Department of Defense. A Compendium of Quality of Life Research. Prepared for the DOD Quality of Life Symposium, Georgetown University, 16 December 1996. Arlington: Military Family Resource Center, 1996. 1 vol. (U21.5 .C65 1996)

U.S. General Accounting Office. Human Capital: Key Principles from Nine Private Sector Organizations. Washington: U.S. General Accounting Office, 2000. 31pp. (HD4904.7 .U53 2000)

U.S. General Accounting Office. Military Downsizing: Persons Returning to Civilian Life Need More Help from DOD. Washington: U.S. General Accounting Office, 1994. 48pp. (UB323 .A5U571 1994)

U.S. Industrial College of the Armed Forces. Strategic Leadership and Decision Making: Preparing Senior Executives for the 21st Century. Washington: National Defense University Press, 1997. 425pp. (U428 .I52S73 1997)

Ulmer, Walter F. Inside View: A Leader’s Observations on Leadership. Greensboro, NC: Center for Creative Leadership, 1997. 40pp. (BF637 .L4U46 1997)

Van Laar, Colette. Increasing a Sense of Community in the Military: The Role of Personnel Support Programs. Santa Monica: Rand, 1999. 68pp. (UH755 .V36 1999)

Vandergriff, Donald E. The Path to Victory: America’s Army and the Revolution in Human Affairs. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 2002. 356pp. (UB23 .V15 2002)

Watkins, Gayle L., and Randi C. Cohen. "In Their Own Words: Army Officers Discuss Their Profession." In The Future of the Army Profession, ed. Lloyd J. Matthews, 77-100. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2002. (UB147 .F87 2002)

Weisinger, Hendrie. Emotional Intelligence at Work: The Untapped Edge for Success. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1998. 219pp. (HF5548.8 .W45 1998)

Wheatley, Margaret J. Turning to One Another: Simple Conversations to Restore Hope to the Future. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler, 2002. 158pp. (BD435 .W465 2002)

Wilson, Meena S., Michael H. Hoppe, and Leonard R. Sayles. Managing Across Cultures: A Learning Framework. Greensboro, NC: Center for Creative Leadership, 1996. 37pp. (HD62.4 .W59 1996)

Wong, Leonard. Generations Apart: Xers and Boomers in the Officer Corps. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 2000. 30pp. (U413 .A66W66 2000)

Worthington, Glenn, Walter Golden, and Terry Kraft. Strategic Recruiting: How to Man the Force of the Future. USAWC Senior Service College Fellowship paper. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2000. 56pp. (AD-A380-086)

Wren, J. Thomas, ed. The Leader’s Companion: Insights on Leadership through the Ages. New York: Free Press, 1995. 554pp. (HM141 .L375 1995)

Zaccaro, Stephen, and Richard J. Klimoski, eds. The Nature of Organizational Leadership: Understanding the Performance Imperatives Confronting Today’s Leaders. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. 504pp. (HD57.7 .N38 2001)

Zemke, Ron, Claire Raines, and Bob Filipczak. Generations at Work: Managing the Clash of Veterans, Boomers, Xers, and Nexters in Your Workplace. New York: AMACOM, 2000. 280pp. (HF5549.5 .M5Z45 2000)
 

Periodical Articles
Ash, Eric. "Purple Virtues: A Leadership Cure for Unhealthy Rivalry." Aerospace Power Journal 15 (Summer 2001): 32-39.

Avolio, Bruce J., and Edwin E. Locke. "Contrasting Different Philosophies of Leader Motivation: Altruism Versus Egoism." The Leadership Quarterly 13 (April 2002): 169-191.

Bash, Brooks L. "Leadership and Parochialism: An Enduring Reality?" Joint Force Quarterly, no. 22 (Summer 1999): 64-71.

Boldry, Jennifer, Wendy Wood, and Deborah A. Kashy. "Gender Stereotypes and the Evaluation of Men and Women in Military Training." The Journal of Social Issues 57 (Winter 2001): 689-705.

Boyatzis, Richard, Annie McKee, and Daniel Goleman. "Reawakening Your Passion for Work." Harvard Business Review 80 (April 2002): 86-94.

Bray, Robert M., et al. "The Effects of Stress on Job Functioning of Military Men and Women." Armed Forces & Society 27 (Spring 2001): 397-417.

Brennan, Joseph G. "Ambition and Careerism." Naval War College Review 44 (Winter 1991): 76-82.

Bryan, Ian. "Military Success and Political Direction." Strategic Review 27 (Fall 1999): 3-11.

Buckingham, Clay T. "Ethics and the Senior Officer: Institutional Tensions." First published in the Autumn 1985 issue. Parameters 25 (Summer 1995): 98-110.

Buller, Paul F., John J. Kohls, and Kenneth S. Anderson. "When Ethics Collide: Managing Conflicts Across Cultures." Organizational Dynamics 28 (Spring 2000): 52-66.

Burgoon, Judee K., Charles R. Berger, and Vincent R. Waldron. "Mindfulness and Interpersonal Communication." Journal of Social Issues 56 (Spring 2000): 105-127.

Butler, Remo. "Why Black Officers Fail." Parameters 29 (Autumn 1999): 54-69.

Conger, Jay. "Visionary Leadership: A Talk with Jay Conger." Leadership in Action 21 (May-June 2001): 19-22.

Cook, Martin L. "Moral Foundations of Military Service." Parameters 30 (Spring 2000): 117-129.

Cross, Rob, and Lloyd Baird. "Technology Is Not Enough: Improving Performance by Building Organizational Memory." Sloan Management Review 41 (Spring 2000): 69-78.

Donnelly, Elaine. "The Credibility Crisis." Proceedings: U.S. Naval Institute 126 (August 2000): 42-48.

Dunlap, Charles J., Jr. "Technology: Recomplicating Moral Life for the Nation’s Defenders." Parameters 29 (Autumn 1999): 24-53.

Efflandt, Scott, and Brian Reed. "Developing the Warrior-Scholar." Military Review 81 (July-August 2001): 82-89.

Eisenhour, John Howard, and Edward Marks. "Leveraging Human Interaction for Joint Training." Joint Force Quarterly, no. 16 (Summer 1997): 109-114.

Elron, Efrat, Boas Shamir, and Eyal Ben-Ari. "Why Don’t They Fight Each Other? Cultural Diversity and Operational Unity in Multinational Forces." Armed Forces & Society 26 (Fall 1999): 73-97.

Emrich, Cynthia G., et al. "Images in Words: Presidential Rhetoric, Charisma, and Greatness." Administrative Science Quarterly 46 (September 2001): 527-557.

Faith, John C. "Leadership in the 21st Century: Is It Time to Change the System?" Army 50 (December 2000): 10-14.

Figura, Susannah Zak. "Leadership Void." Government Executive 31 (September 1999): 20-24+.

Franke, Volker C. "Old Ammo in New Weapons?: Comparing Value-Orientations of Experienced and Future Military Leaders." Journal of Political and Military Sociology 26 (Winter 1998): 253-271.

Friel, Brian. "Hierarchies and Networks." Government Executive 34 (April 2002): 31-37.

Garofano, John. "Deciding on Military Intervention: What Is the Role of Senior Military Leaders?" Naval War College Review 53 (Spring 2000): 40-64.

Gentry, John A. "Military Leadership and the Emperor’s New Clothes." National Security Studies Quarterly 6 (Spring 2000): 59-71.

Goffee, Robert, and Gareth Jones. "Why Should Anyone Be Led by You?" Harvard Business Review 78 (September-October 2000): 62-70.

Gole, Henry G. "Leadership in Literature." Parameters 29 (Autumn 1999): 134-147.

Goleman, Daniel. "What Makes a Leader?" Harvard Business Review 76 (November-December 1998): 92-102.

Green, Leslie C. "War Crimes, Crimes against Humanity, and Command Responsibility." Naval War College Review 50 (Spring 1997): 26-68.

Harback, Herbert F., and Ulrich H. Keller. "Learning Leader XXI." Military Review 75 (May-June 1995): 30-37.

Harig, Paul T. "The Digital General: Reflections on Leadership in the Post-Information Age." Parameters 26 (Autumn 1996): 133-140.

Keller, Harrison. "An Exploration of Respect in Army Leadership." Military Review 81 (January-February 2001): 66-76.

Martin, Gregg F., et al. "The Road to Mentoring: Paved with Good Intentions." Parameters 32 (Autumn 2002): 115-127.

McAlister, James M. "Vision Precedes Success." Military Review 78 (January-February 1998): 24-29.

McCausland, Jeffrey D., and Gregg F. Martin. "Transforming Strategic Leader Education for the 21st-Century Army." Parameters 31 (Autumn 2001): 17-33.

McClure, Peggy, and Walter Broughton. "Measuring the Cohesion of Military Communities." Armed Forces & Society 26 (Spring 2000): 473-487.

McGuire, Mark A. "Senior Officers and Strategic Leader Development." Joint Force Quarterly, no. 29 (Autumn-Winter 2001-02): 91-96.

Meigs, Montgomery C. "Generalship: Qualities, Instincts, and Character." Parameters 31 (Summer 2001): 4-17.

Mintzberg, Henry. "Covert Leadership: Notes on Managing Professionals." Harvard Business Review 76 (November-December 1998): 140-147.

Mouly, V. Suchitra, and Jayaram K. Sankaran. "The Enactment of Envy within Organizations." The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science 38 (March 2002): 36-56.

Natter, John T., Alan Lopez, and Doyle K. Hodges. "Listen to the JOs: Why Retention Is a Problem." Proceedings: U.S. Naval Institute 124 (October 1998): 58-62.

Reichheld, Frederick F. "Lead for Loyalty." Harvard Business Review 79 (July-August 2001): 76-84.

Ryan, Maritza. "Article 88, UCMJ: Leadership Challenge for the Officer Corps." Military Review 79 (November-December 1999): 70-75.

Sackton, Frank. "The Human Factor in Information Technology." Armed Forces Comptroller 44 (Winter 1999): 39-42.

Sankowsky, Daniel. "The Charismatic Leader as Narcissist: Understanding the Abuse of Power." Organizational Dynamics 23 (Spring 1995): 57-71.

Skelton, Ike. "Whispers of Warriors: The Importance of History to the Military Professional." Naval War College Review 53 (Summer 2000): 7-20.

Stebbins, Steven A. "Building Our Intellectual Capital: The Need for Adaptive Leaders in Today’s Army." Field Artillery, no. 5 (September-October 2000): 6-9.

Sullivan, Gordon R. "Leadership, Versatility and All That Jazz." Military Review 77 (January-February 1997): 52-57.

Sweetman, John P. "When Stars Do Not Align." Military Review 80 (March-April 2000): 61-65.

Tangredi, Sam J. "Regaining the Trust." Proceedings: U.S. Naval Institute 127 (May 2001): 38-41.

Teal, Thomas. "The Human Side of Management." Harvard Business Review 74 (November-December 1996): 35-44.

Tritten, James J., and David M. Keithly. "Charismatic Leadership: Costs and Benefits." Military Review 76 (January-February 1996): 82-85.

Ulmer, Walter F., Jr. "Military Leadership into the 21st Century: Another ‘Bridge Too Far’?" Parameters 28 (Spring 1998): 4-25.

Van Hoose, Dallas. "Army Civilian Leadership Training – Past, Present and Future." Military Review 79 (May-June 1999): 42-46.

Watson, Bradley C.S. "The Western Ethical Tradition and the Morality of the Warrior." Armed Forces & Society 26 (Fall 1999): 55-72.

Weiss, Ruth Palombo. "Crisis Leadership." T + D 56 (March 2002): 28-33.

Wheatley, John C. "Ministry and Leadership." The Army Chaplaincy (Summer-Fall 2000): 51-58.

White, Jerry E. "Personal Ethics Versus Professional Ethics." Airpower Journal 10 (Summer 1996): 30-34.

Williams, Gary A., and Robert B. Miller. "Change the Way You Persuade." Harvard Business Review 80 (May 2002): 65-73.

Yammarino, Francis J., Fred Dansereau, and Christina J. Kennedy. "A Multiple-Level Multidimensional Approach to Leadership: Viewing Leadership through an Elephant’s Eye." Organizational Dynamics 29 (Winter 2001): 149-163.
 

Audiovisuals
Gardner, John William. Conversations with John W. Gardner. Kansas City, MO: Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, 2000. 50 min. (Videos HD57.7 .G17 2000)

Gergen, David. Eyewitness to Power: The Essence of Leadership: Nixon to Clinton. Novato: Soundelux Audio, 2000. 360 min. (Cassettes JK516 .G47 2000)

Reimer, Dennis J. Living Army Values: Duty, Integrity, Loyalty, Courage, Selfless Service, Respect, Honor. Washington: U.S. Army Visual Information Center, 1997. 12 min. (Videos UA23 .D87 1997)

Scales, Robert H. The Anton Myrer Leadership Symposium. The second annual symposium held 16-18 February 2000. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College; Harrisburg, PA: JPL Productions, 2000. 110 min. (U22 .A57 2000)
 
 

Critical/Creative/Systems Thinking
 

"Whatsoever a man thinketh in his heart, so is he."

Proverbs 23:7 (KJV)

Books and Documents


Anderson, Virginia, and Lauren Johnson. Systems Thinking Basics: From Concepts to Causal Loops. Cambridge, MA: Pegasus Communications, 1997. 132pp. (HD30.23 .A53 1997)

Brass, Daniel J. "Creativity: It’s All in Your Social Network." In Creative Action in Organizations: Ivory Tower Visions & Real Voices, eds. Cameron M. Ford, and Dennis A. Gioia, 94-99. Thousand Oaks: Sage, 1995. (HD53 .C748 1995)

Browne, M. Neil, and Stuart M. Keeley. Asking the Right Questions: A Guide to Critical Thinking. 6th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2001. 221pp. (PN83 .B65 2001)

Chaffee, John. Thinking Critically. 4th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1994. 642pp. (B105 .T54C42 1994)

Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly. "The Context of Creativity." In The Future of Leadership: Today’s Top Leadership Thinkers Speak to Tomorrow’s Leaders, eds. Warren Bennis, Gretchen M. Spreitzer, and Thomas G. Cummings, 116-124. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. (HD57.7 .F88 2001)

Edelson, Paul Jay, and Patricia L. Malone, eds. Enhancing Creativity in Adult and Continuing Education: Innovative Approaches, Methods, and Ideas. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1999. 98pp. (LC5251 .N48 no. 81)

Esterle, John, and Dan Clurman, eds. Conversations with Critical Thinkers. San Francisco: The Whitman Institute, 1993. 158pp. (BF441 .C55 1993)

Gharajedaghi, Jamshid. Systems Thinking: Managing Chaos and Complexity: A Platform for Designing Business Architecture. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann, 1999. 302pp. (T57.6 .G31 1999)

Goodman, Michael, et al. Designing a Systems Thinking Intervention. Waltham, MA: Pegasus Communications, 1997. 16pp. (HD30.23 .D47 1997)

Gryskiewicz, Stanley S. Positive Turbulence: Developing Climates for Creativity, Innovation, and Renewal. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass; Greensboro, NC: Center for Creative Leadership, 1999. 195pp. (HD53 .G79 1999)

Gwilliam, Jeffrey L. Critical Thinking: A Strategic Competency. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 40pp. (AD-A401-001)

Haines, Stephen G. The Systems Thinking Approach to Strategic Planning and Management. Boca Raton: St. Lucie Press, 2000. 361pp. (HD30.28 .H35 2000)

Kim, Daniel H. Systems Thinking Tools. Waltham, MA: Pegasus Communications, 2000. 58pp. (HD30.23 .K396 2000)

Mitroff, Ian I., and Harold A. Linstone. The Unbounded Mind: Breaking the Chains of Traditional Business Thinking. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. 177pp. (HF1131 .M58 1993)

O’Connor, Joseph, and Ian McDermott. The Art of Systems Thinking: Essential Skills for Creativity and Problem Solving. London: Thorsons, 1997. 265pp. (BF637 .N46O15 1997)

Paul, Richard, Jane Willsen, and A.J.A. Binker. Critical Thinking: How to Prepare Students for a Rapidly Changing World. Santa Rosa, CA: Foundation for Critical Thinking, 1995. 572pp. (BF441 .P381 1995)

Perkins, David N. Archimedes’ Bathtub: The Art and Logic of Breakthrough Thinking. New York: W.W. Norton, 2000. 292pp. (BF441 .P47 2000)

Richmond, Barry. The "Thinking" in Systems Thinking. Waltham, MA: Pegasus Communications, 2000. 26pp. (HD30.23 .R53 2000)

Root-Bernstein, Robert, and Michele Root-Bernstein. Sparks of Genius: The Thirteen Thinking Tools of the World’s Most Creative People. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1999. 401pp. (BF408 .R66 1999)

Ruggiero, Vincent Ryan. Beyond Feelings: A Guide to Critical Thinking. 4th ed. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield, 1995. 233pp. (BF441 .R85 1995)

Senge, Peter M. The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization. New York: Currency/Doubleday, 1994. 423pp. (HD58.9 .S46 1994)

Simonton, Dean Keith. "Creativity as Heroic: Risk, Success, Failure, and Acclaim." In Creative Action in Organizations: Ivory Tower Visions & Real World Voices, eds. Cameron M. Ford, and Dennis A. Gioia, 88-93. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1995. (HD53 .C748 1995)

Slusser, Robert J. The Application of Systems Thinking for 21st Century Operations (The Senior Scout Case Study). Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 1999. 30pp. (AD-A364-196)

Staw, Barry M. "Why No One Really Wants Creativity." In Creative Action in Organizations: Ivory Tower Visions & Real World Voices, eds. Cameron M. Ford, and Dennis A. Gioia, 161-172. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 1995. (HD53 .C748 1995)

Sternberg, Robert J. Thinking Styles. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997. 180pp. (BF311 .S72 1997)

Sternberg, Robert J., and Todd I. Lubart. Defying the Crowd: Cultivating Creativity in a Culture of Conformity. New York: Free Press, 1995. 326pp. (BF408 .S76 1995)

Thompson, Charles. What a Great Idea!: The Key Steps Creative People Take. New York: HarperPerennial, 1992. 232pp. (BF408 .T46 1992)

Ulrich, Dave. "Maximizing Creative Collaboration." In Leading Beyond the Walls, eds. Frances Hesselbein, Marshall Goldsmith, and Iain Somerville, 91-103. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1999. (HD57.7 .L43 1999)

Von Oech, Roger. A Kick in the Seat of the Pants: Using Your Explorer, Artist, Judge, & Warrior to Be More Creative. New York: Perennial Library, 1986. 153pp. (BF408 .V579 1986)

Von Oech, Roger. A Whack on the Side of the Head: How You Can Be More Creative. 3rd ed. New York: Warner Books, 1998. 232pp. (BF408 .V58 1998)
 
 

Periodical Articles

Amabile, Teresa M. "How to Kill Creativity." Harvard Business Review 76 (September-October 1998): 76-87.

Bay, Austin, "Military Creativity." Army 45 (January 1995): 29-32.

Intoccia, Gregory F. "Critical Thinking in International Crises." Military Review 70 (October 1990): 31-40
 

Killion, Thomas H. "Clausewitz and Military Genius." Military Review 75 (July-August 1995): 97-100.

Kunstler, Barton. "Building a Creative Hothouse: Strategies of History’s Most Creative Groups." The Futurist 35 (January-February 2001): 22-29.

Linkow, Peter. "What Gifted Strategic Thinkers Do." Training & Development 53 (July 1999): 34-37.

Michalko, Michael. "Four Steps toward Creative Thinking." The Futurist 34 (May-June 2000): 18-21.

Paparone, Christopher R., and James A. Crupi. "Janusian Thinking and Acting." Military Review 82 (January-February 2002): 38-47.

Steele, William M., and Robert P. Walters, Jr. "21st Century Leadership Competencies." Army 51 (August 2001): 29-32.

Sutton, Robert I. "The Weird Rules of Creativity." Harvard Business Review 79 (September 2001): 94-103.

Werhane, Patricia H. "Moral Imagination and Systems Thinking." Journal of Business Ethics 38 (June 2002): 33-42.

Zemke, Ron, and Susan Zemke. "Adult Learning: What Do We Know for Sure?" Training: The Human Side of Business 32 (June 1995): 31-36.
 

Audiovisuals


Barker, Joel A. Joel Barker’s the New Business of Paradigms. St. Paul, MI: Star Thrower Distribution, 2001. 44 min. (Videos HD30.27 .B871 2001)

Senge, Peter M., and Joel Suzuki. The Fifth Discipline: The Art & Practice of the Learning Organization. Burnsville, MN: Charthouse International Learning Corporation, 1994. 7 min. (HD58.9 .S46 1995)

Von Oech, Roger. A Kick in the Seat of the Pants. Waterton, MA: Century III Teleproductions, 1987. 20 min. (Videos BF408 .V579 1987)
 

Leading and Managing Change
"If you don’t like change, you’re going to like irrelevance even less."

GEN Eric K. Shinseki, 8 November 2001
 
 

Books and Documents

Bass, Bernard M. A New Paradigm of Leadership: An Inquiry into Transformational Leadership. Alexandria: U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, 1995. 225pp. (UB210 .B371 1996)

Beer, Michael, and Nitin Nohria, eds. Breaking the Code of Change. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2000. 507pp. (HD58.8 .B73 2000)

Blechschmidt, Edward A. "Leading Change to Fulfill Your Strategic Vision." In Memos to the President: Management Advice from the Nation’s Top CEOs, ed. James J. Schiro, 81-87. New York: Wiley, 2000. (HD57.7 .M46 2000)

Bradford, David L. Power Up: Transforming Organizations through Shared Leadership. New York: Wiley, 1998. 364pp. (HD57.7 .B697 1998)

Brill, Peter L., and Richard Worth. The Four Levers of Corporate Change. New York: AMACOM, 1997. 178pp. (HD58.8 .B753 1997)

Burns, James MacGregor, and Susan Dunn. The Three Roosevelts: Patrician Leaders Who Transformed America. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2001. 678pp. (E757 .B87 2001)

Cappy, Christopher, and Robert Anthony. "Leading Successful Change Initiatives." In Leading Beyond the Walls, eds. Frances Hesselbein, Marshall Goldsmith, and Iain Somerville, 199-215. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1999. (HD57.7 .L43 1999)

Chopra, A.J. Managing the People Side of Innovation: 8 Rules for Engaging Minds and Hearts. West Hartford, CT: Kumarian Press, 1999. 211pp. (HD58.8 .C46 1999)

Cox, Danny. "The Seventh Step: Leading Change When the Heat’s On (Not Just Managing It)." In Leadership When the Heat’s On, 215-224. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2002. (HD57.7 .C69 2002)

Cox, Taylor, Jr. "Leadership: The First Requirement of Change." In Creating the Multicultural Organization: A Strategy for Capturing the Power of Diversity, 31-58. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. (HF5549.5 .M5C69 2001)

Duck, Jeanie Daniel. "Managing Change: The Art of Balancing." In Harvard Business Review on Change, Harvard Business Review, 55-81. Originally published in November-December 1993. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1998. (HD58.8 .H37 1998)

Durschmied, Erik. The Hinge Factor: How Change and Stupidity Have Changed History. New York: Arcade, 2000. 394pp. (D24 .D87 2000)

Farrell, Theo, and Terry Terriff, eds. The Sources of Military Change: Culture, Politics, Technology. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2002. 301pp. (U42 .S68 2002)

Fink, Stephen L. "Managing Individual Behavior: Bringing Out the Best in People." In The Portable MBA in Management, Allan R. Cohen, 71-112. New York: Wiley, 1993. (HD31 .C586 1993)

Fullan, Michael. Leading in a Culture of Change. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. 162pp. (LB2806 .F79 2001)

Galpin, Timothy J. "Leadership: Developing the Key Attributes for Leading Change." In The Human Side of Change: A Practical Guide to Organization Redesign, 67-78. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1996. 146pp. (HD58.8 .G35 1996)

Hamel, Gary. Leading the Revolution. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2000. 333pp. (HD53 .H36 2000)

Harvard Business Review. Harvard Business Review on Change. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1998. 228pp. (HD58.8 .H37 1998)

Hassan, Fred. "Changing Results by Changing Behaviors." In Memos to the President: Management Advice from the Nation’s Top CEOs, ed. James J. Schiro, 149-159. New York: Wiley, 2000. (HD57.7 .M46 2000)

Hunt, James G., George E. Dodge, and Leonard Wong, eds. Out-of-the-Box Leadership: Transforming the Twenty-First Army and Other Top-Performing Organizations. 318pp. Stamford, CT: Jai Press, 1999. (UB210 .O93 1999)

Hurst, David K. Crisis & Renewal: Meeting the Challenge of Organizational Change. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1995. 229pp. (HD58.8 .H86 1995)

Jick, Todd D. "Managing Change." In The Portable MBA in Management, Allan R. Cohen, 340-368. New York: Wiley, 1993. (HD31 .C586 1993)

Kaplan, Robert S., and David P. Norton. "Mobilizing Change through Executive Leadership." In The Strategy-Focused Organization: How Balanced Scorecard Companies Thrive in the New Business Environment, 333-381. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2001. (HD30.28 .K35 2001)

King, Joseph. Strategic Leadership: Leading Change in a New Age. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 1999. 50pp. (AD-A364-146)

Kotter, John P. Leading Change. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1996. 187pp. (HD58.8 .K65 1996)

Kotter, John P. "Leading Change: Why Transformation Efforts Fail." March-April 1995. In Harvard Business Review on Change, 1-20. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1998. (HD58.8 .H37 1998)

Kriegel, Robert, and David Brandt. Sacred Cows Make the Best Burgers: Developing Change-Ready People and Organizations. New York: Warner Books, 1997. 320pp. (HD58.8 .K751 1997)

Larkin, T.J., and Sandar Larkin. Communicating Change: How to Win Employee Support for New Business Directions. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994. 252pp. (HF5549.5 .C6T15 1994)

Levy, Dina G. Characterizing the Future Defense Workforce. Santa Monica: Rand, 2001. 246pp. (UB337 .C43 2001)

Luecke, Richard A. Scuttle Your Ships before Advancing: And Other Lessons from History on Leadership and Change for Today’s Managers. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. 199pp. (HD30.5 .L83 1994)

Macdonald, John. Calling a Halt to Mindless Change: A Plea for Commonsense Management. New York: AMACOM, 1998. 244pp. (HD58.8 .M217 1997)

Markessini, Joan. Executive Leadership in a Changing World Order: Requisite Cognitive Skills: The First Literature Review. Alexandria: CAE-Link, 1996. 85pp. (UB200 .M17 1996)

Markessini, Joan. Strategic Leadership in a Changing World Order: Requisite Cognitive Skills. Alexandria: CAE-Link, 1995. 75pp. (UB200 .M37 1995)

Martin, Roger. "Changing the Mind of the Corporation." In Harvard Business Review on Change, Harvard Business Review, 113-138. Originally published in November-December 1993. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1998. (HD58.8 .H37 1998)

Miles, Robert H. Leading Corporate Transformation: A Blueprint for Business Renewal. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1997. 260pp. (HD58.8 .M526 1997)

Murphy, Robert M. Managing Strategic Change: An Executive Overview of Management. Final draft. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Department of Command, Leadership, and Management. 57pp. (U413 .D2M87 2000)

Nadler, David A., Robert B. Shaw, and A. Elise Walton. Discontinuous Change: Leading Organizational Transformation. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1995. 295pp. (HD58.8 .N29 1995)

O’Reilly, Patrick J. Cultivating Change: Planting the Seeds for an Affordable Defense. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 1998. 43pp. (AD-A344-314)

O’Toole, James. Leading Change: Overcoming the Ideology of Comfort and the Tyranny of Custom. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1995. 282pp. (HD58.8 .O86 1995)

Pasmore, William A. Creating Strategic Change: Designing the Flexible, High-Performing Organization. New York: Wiley, 1994. 284pp. (HD58.8 .P36 1994)

Paul, Richard, and Jane Willsen. "Accelerating Change, the Complexity of Problems, and the Quality of Our Thinking." In Critical Thinking: How to Prepare Students for a Rapidly Changing World, 1-16. Santa Rosa, CA: Foundation for Critical Thinking, 1995. (BF441 .P381 1995)

Reimer, Dennis J. Leadership and Change in a Values-Based Army: A Leader’s Guide. Washington: U.S. Department of the Army, 1997. 18pp. (UB210 .L214 1997)

Rosen, Robert H. Leading People: Transforming Business from the Inside Out. New York: Viking, 1996. 386pp. (HD57.7 .R66 1996)

Ruggiero, Vincent Ryan. "Resistance to Change." In Beyond Feelings: A Guide to Critical Thinking, 73-81. 4th ed. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield, 1995. (BF441 .R85 1995)

Schiro, James J., ed. "Managing Change." In Memos to the President: Management Advice from the Nation’s Top CEOs, 47-57. New York: Wiley, 2000. (HD57.7 .M46 2000)

Senge, Peter M., et al. The Dance of Change: The Challenges of Sustaining Momentum in Learning Organizations. New York: Currency/Doubleday, 1999. 596pp. (HD58.82 .D36 1999)

Spitzer, Robert J. The Spirit of Leadership: Optimizing Creativity and Change in Organizations. Provo, UT: Executive Excellence, 2000. 344pp. (HD57.7 .S697 2001)

Strebel, Paul. "Why Do Employees Resist Change?" In Harvard Business Review on Change, 139-157. Originally published in May-June 1996. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1998. (HD58.8 .H37 1998)

Ulrich, Dave, Michael R. Losey, and Gerry Lake. Tomorrow’s HR Management: 48 Thought Leaders Call for Change. New York: Wiley, 1997. 387pp. (HF5549 .T55 1997)

Westlake, Martin, ed. Leaders of Transition. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000. 178pp. (JC330.3 .L395 2000)

Winton, Harold R., and David R. Mets, eds. The Challenge of Change: Military Institutions and New Realities, 1918-1941. Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 2000. 246pp. (UA11 .C46 2000)
 
 

Periodical Articles





Akin, Gib, and Ian Palmer. "Putting Metaphors to Work for Change in Organizations." Organizational Dynamics 28 (Winter 2000): 67-77.

Carhart, Tom. "The Human Dimension of Change in the Army of the 21st Century." Assembly 57 (May-June 1999): 28-31.

Collins, Jim. "Level 5 Leadership: The Triumph of Humility and Fierce Resolve." Harvard Business Review 79 (January 2001): 66-76.

De Jager, Peter. "Resistance to Change: A New View of an Old Problem." The Futurist 35 (May-June 2001): 24-27.

Dess, Gregory G., and Joseph C. Picken. "Changing Roles: Leadership in the 21st Century." Organizational Dynamics 28 (Winter 2000): 18-33.

Donohue, Kevin S., and Leonard Wong. "Understanding and Applying Transformational Leadership." Military Review 74 (August 1994): 24-31.

Dutton, Jane E., et al. "Leading in Times of Trauma." Harvard Business Review 80 (January 2002): 54-61.

Gericke, Bradley T., and Robert E. Choppa. "The Case for Changing the Army’s Human Dimension." Army 50 (January 2000): 48-49.

Heifetz, Ronald A., and Marty Linsky. "Managing Yourself: A Survival Guide for Leaders." Harvard Business Review 80 (June 2002): 65-74.

Jezior, Bonnie. "Managing Change: Selected Readings." Parameters 28 (Winter 1998-1999): 161-170.

Kelman, Steven. "Making Change." Government Executive 32 (January 2000): 28-30.

Mishra, Karen, Gretchen M. Spreitzer, and Aneil K. Misra. "Preserving Employee Morale during Downsizing." Sloan Management Review 39 (Winter 1998): 83-95.

Reardon, Kathleen K., et al. "Leadership Styles for the Five Stages of Radical Change." Acquisition Review Quarterly 5 (Spring 1998): 129-146.

Reimer, Dennis J. "Developing Great Leaders in Turbulent Times." Military Review 78 (January-February 1998): 5-12.

Schneider, Benjamin, and Arthur P. Brief. "Creating a Climate and Culture for Sustainable Organizational Change." Organizational Dynamics 24 (Spring 1996): 7-19.

Shamir, Boas, and Eyal Ben-Ari. "Challenges of Military Leadership in Changing Armies." Journal of Political and Military Sociology 28 (Summer 2000): 43-59.

Shelton, Henry H. "Professional Education: The Key to Transformation." Parameters 31 (Autumn 2001): 4-16.

St. Jean, A. Christopher. "Managing the Drawdown’s Human Side." Military Review 77 (November-Decembere 1997): 63-65.

Vollrath, Frederick E. "The Human Dimension of Change." Army 48 (October 1998): 139-144.

Wilson, Al, and Rod Tozzi. "Continuous Change Management." Army Logistician 34 (March-April 2002): 13-17.
 
 

Audiovisuals

Belasco,l James A. Teaching the Elephant to Dance – Today: Empowering Change in Your Organization. Bannockburn, IL: Dove Multimedia, 1995. 16 min. (Videos HD58.8 .T42 1995)

Drucker Foundation. Leading in a Time of Change: A Conversation with Peter F. Drucker & Peter M. Senge. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. 42 min. (Videos HD58.8 .L21 2001)

Johnson, Spencer. Who Moved My Cheese?: The Movie. Palatine, IL: Training Edge, 1999. 13 min. (Videos BF637 .C4J641 1999)
 

Military Culture and Organizational Climate
 

"Military culture is an amalgam of values, customs, traditions, and their philosophical underpinnings that, over time, has created a shared institutional ethos … Climate is essentially how members of an organization feel about the organization."

Walter F. Ulmer, Joseph J. Collins, and T.O. Jacobs, 2000

Books and Documents

Bell, William. "Personnel Policies and Army Culture." In Spirit, Blood, and Treasure: The American Cost of Battle in the 21st Century, ed. Donald E. Vandergriff, 45-63, Novato, CA: Presidio, 2001. (UA23 .S583 2001)

Bey, Jacqueline S., comp. Women in the Military: A Selected Bibliography. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College Library, 2000. 24pp. (U413 .Z92W62 2000)

Bradshaw, Donald M. "Changing the Organizational Culture." In Building and Maintaining Healthy Organizations: The Key to Future Success, ed. Lloyd J. Matthews, 41-68. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Department of Command, Leadership, and Management, 2001. (U413 .D2B83 2001)

Breslin, Charles B. Organizational Culture and the Military. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2000. 37pp. (AD-A378-263)

Cameron, Kim, and Robert E. Quinn. Diagnosing and Changing Organizational Culture: Based on the Competing Values Framework. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1999. 221pp. (HD58.8 .C32 1999)

Champy, James. "What Kind of Culture Do We Want?" In Reengineering Management: The Mandate for New Leadership: Managing the Change to the Reengineered Corporation, 75-95. New York: HarperBusiness, 1995. (HD70 .U5C49 1995)

Cox, Taylor, Jr. Creating the Multicultural Organization: A Strategy for Capturing the Power of Diversity. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. 168pp. (HF5549.5 .M5C69 2001)

De Leon, Rudy. Report on the Responses of the Armed Services to the Federal Advisory Committee on Gender-Integrated Training and Related Issues and Additional Direction by the Secretary of Defense. Washington: U.S. Office of the Undersecretary of Defense, Personnel and Readiness, 1998. 17pp. (U408 .D24 1998)

Dunivin, Karen O. "Military Culture: Change and Continuity." In Military Leadership: In Pursuit of Excellence, eds. Robert L. Taylor and William E. Rosenbach, 85-100. 4th ed. Boulder: Westview Press, 2000. (UB210 .M553 2000)

Fairholm, Gilbert W. Leadership and the Culture of Trust. Westport: Praeger, 1994. 236pp. (HD57.7 .F35 1994)

Goffee, Rob, and Gareth Jones. The Character of a Corporation: How Your Company’s Culture Can Make or Break Your Business. New York: HarperBusiness, 1998. 237pp. (HD58.7 .G53 1998)

Good, Wanda L. The Damascus Paradox: The Code of the Warrior – The Kinder, Gentler Army. USAWC Senior Service College Fellowship paper. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2001. 29pp. (AD-A391-843)

Hannon, Nanci. A Study of the Effect of Organizational Culture on Leadership Practices within Defense Agencies. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2000. 34pp. (AD-A377-647)

Intersessional Conference. U.S. Military Culture, Ethics and the Future of War: A Conference Co-Sponsored by the Naval War College and Boston University, 15-16 November 1999. Newport, RI: Naval War College, 1999. 1 vol. (V420 .I56 1999)

Katzenstein, Mary Fainsod, and Judith Reppy, eds. Beyond Zero Tolerance: Discrimination in Military Culture. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999. 300pp. (UB417 .B48 1999)

Keys, Carol S. "And the Army Keeps Rolling Along": A Study of the Effects of Gender and Race on Women Officers’ Careers and the Strategies They Use to Survive and Succeed. Thesis. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, 1997. 333 pp. (UB418 .W65K29 1997)

Kohn, Richard H. "Women in Combat, Homosexuals in Uniform: The Challenge of Military Leadership." In Military Leadership: In Pursuit of Excellence, eds. Robert L. Taylor and William E. Rosenbach, 115-117. 4th ed. Boulder: Westview Press, 2000. (UB210 .M553 2000)

Kono, Toyohiro, and Stewart R. Clegg. "Development of Corporate Culture." In Transformations of Corporate Culture: Experiences of Japanese Enterprises, 101-132. New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1998. (HD58.7 .K66 1998)

Kostner, Laura H. Implementation of Army Well-Being. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2001. 20pp. (AD-A390-480)

Matthews, Lloyd J., ed. Building and Maintaining Healthy Organizations: The Key to Future Success. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Department of Command, Leadership, and Management, 2001. 187pp. (U413 .D2B83 2001)

Murphy, Emmett C., and Mark A. Murphy. "Build a Culture of Commitment." In Leading on the Edge of Chaos: The 10 Critical Elements for Success in Volatile Times, 37-56. Paramus, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2002. (HD57.7 .M76 2002)

Neville, Kathleen. Internal Affairs: The Abuse of Power, Sexual Harassment and Hypocrisy in the Work Place. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2000. 288pp. (HD6060.3 .N49 2000)

Schein, Edgar H. The Corporate Culture Survival Guide: Sense and Nonsense about Culture Change. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1999. 199pp. (HD58.7 .S32 1999)

Shaw, Robert Bruce. Trust in the Balance: Building Successful Organizations on Results, Integrity, and Concern. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1997. 242pp. (HD58.7 .S53 1997)

Shay, Jonathan. "Trust: Touchstone for a Practical Military Ethos." In Spirit, Blood, and Treasure: The American Cost of Battle in the 21st Century, ed. Donald E. Vandergriff, 3-20. Novato, CA: Presidio, 2001. (UA23 .S583 2001)

Truskie, Stanley D. Leadership in High Performance Organizational Cultures. Westport: Quorum Books, 1999. 147pp. (HD57.7 .T78 1999)

U.S. Army Training and Leader Development Panel. The Army Training and Leader Development Panel Officer Study Report to the Army. Washington: U.S. Department of the Army, 2002. 23pp. (UB210 .A75 2002)

Ulmer, Walter F., Joseph J. Collins, and T.O. Jacobs. American Military Culture in the Twenty-First Century: A Report of the CSIS International Security Program. 116pp. Washington: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2000. (UA23 .A65 2000)

Van Aller, Christopher D. The Culture of Defense. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2001. 187pp. (UA23 .V23 2001)

Van Laar, Colette. Increasing a Sense of Community in the Military: The Role of Personnel Support Programs. Santa Monica: Rand, 1999. 68pp. (UH755 .V36 1999)

Weafer, Thomas W. Averting the Train Wreck of Captain Attrition – A Leadership Solution. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2001. 24pp. (AD-A391-215)

Widen, S. Craig. United States Military Cultures: A Mandatory Lesson for Senior Service College Curriculum. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 1997. 33pp. (AD-A327-376)

Wilson, Meena S., Michael H. Hoppe, and Leonard R. Sayles. Managing Across Cultures: A Learning Framework. Greensboro, NC: Center for Creative Leadership, 1996. 37pp. (HD62.4 .W59 1996

Winslow, Donna. "Misplaced Loyalties: Military Culture and the Breakdown of Discipline in Two Peace Operations." In The Human in Command: Exploring the Modern Military Experience, eds. Carol McCann, and Ross Pigeau, 293-309. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 2000. (UB212 .H86 2000)

Woodmansee, John W., Jr. "Unleashing Human Potential: The Leader’s Role in Creating the Climate for High Performing Organizations." In Leadership: The Warrior’s Art, ed. Christopher D. Kolenda, 345-369. 2nd ed. Carlisle: Army War College Foundation Press, 2001. (UB210 .L21 2001)

Zollars, William D. "Deploying Technology and Changing Culture." In Memos to the President: Management Advice from the Nation’s Top CEOs, ed. James J. Schiro, 69-79. New York: Wiley, 2000. (HD57.7 .M46 2000)
 

Periodical Articles
Bartlett, Christopher A., and Sumantra Ghoshal. "Changing the Role of Top Management: Beyond Systems to People." Harvard Business Review 73 (May-June 1995): 132-142.

Bernick, Carol Lavin. "When Your Culture Needs a Makeover." Harvard Business Review 79 (June 2001): 53-61.

Bodnar, John. "How Long Does It Take to Change a Culture? Integration at the U.S. Naval Academy." Armed Forces & Society 25 (Winter 1999): 289-306)

Collins, Joseph J. "The Complex Context of American Military Culture: A Practitioner’s View." Washington Quarterly 21 (Autumn 1998): 213-228.

Farson, Richard, and Ralph Keyes. "The Failure-Tolerant Leader." Harvard Business Review 80 (August 2002): 64-71.

Fedor, Kenneth J., and William B. Werther, Jr. "The Fourth Dimension: Creating Culturally Responsive International Alliances." Organizational Dynamics 25 (Autumn 1996): 39-53.

Field, Kim, and John Nagl. "Combat Roles for Women: A Modest Proposal." Parameters 31 (Summer 2001): 74-88.

Graham, Ginger. "If You Want Honesty, Break Some Rules." Harvard Business Review 80 (April 2002): 42-47.

Harrell, Margaret C. "Army Officers’ Spouses: Have the White Gloves Been Mothballed?" Armed Forces & Society 28 (Fall 2001): 55-75.

Hicks, Douglas A. "Spiritual and Religious Diversity in the Workplace: Implications for Leadership." Leadership Quarterly 13 (August 2002): 379-396.

Higate, Paul Richard. "Theorizing Continuity: From Military to Civilian Life." Armed Forces & Society 27 (Spring 2001): 443-460.

Hillen, John. "Must US Military Culture Reform?" Parameters 29 (Autumn 1999): 9-23.

Kapitza, Sergei P. "Lessons of Chernobyl: The Cultural Causes of the Meltdown." Foreign Affairs 72 (Summer 1993): 7-11.

Kelman, Steven. "Sowing Seeds of Change." Government Executive 32 (October 2000): 97-99.

Langston, Thomas S. "The Civilian Side of Military Culture." Parameters 30 (Autumn 2000): 21-29.

Murray, Williamson. "Military Culture Does Matter." Strategic Review 27 (Spring 1999): 32-40.

Osborne, David, and Peter Plastrik. "The Culture Chasm." Government Executive 32 (September 2000): 61-68.

Ricks, Thomas E. "Is American Military Professionalism Declining?" Special Warfare 12 (Winter 1999): 20-25.

Shipp, Pamela L., and Carl J. Davison. "Leveraging Diversity: It Takes a System." Leadership in Action 20 (January-February 2001): 1-5.

Simons, Anna. "Women in Combat Units: It’s Still a Bad Idea." Parameters 31 (Summer 2001): 89-100.

Skelton, Ike. "Military Retention Intangibles: Esprit, Morale, and Cohesion." Military Review 79 (July-August 1999): 2-7.

Snider, Don M. "An Uninformed Debate on Military Culture." Orbis 43 (Winter 1999): 11-26.

Strange, Jill M., and Michael D. Mumford. "The Origins of Vision: Charismatic Versus Ideological Leadership." Leadership Quarterly 13 (August 2002): 343-377.

Stroup, Theodore G., Jr. "Leadership and Organizational Culture: Actions Speak Louder Than Words." Military Review 76 (January-February 1996): 44-49.

Sweetman, John P. "When Stars Do Not Align." Military Review 80 (March-April 2000): 61-65.

Thomas, David, and Robin J. Ely. "Making Differences Matter: A New Paradigm for Managing Diversity." Harvard Business Review 74 (September-October 1996): 79-90.

Titunik, Regina F. "The First Wave: Gender Integration and Military Culture." Armed Forces & Society 26 (Winter 2000): 229-257.
 
 

Civil-Military Relations


"…one of the challenges for me is to somehow prevent a chasm from developing between the military and civilian worlds, where the civilian world doesn't fully grasp the mission of the military, and the military doesn't understand why the memories of our citizens and civilian policy makers are so short…"
 
William S. Cohen, 1997
Books and Documents
Aall, Pamela, Daniel T. Miltenberger, and Thomas G. Weiss. Guide to IGOs, NGOs, and the Military in Peace and Relief Operations. Washington: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2000. 295pp. (JZ4850 .A17 2000)

Byman, Daniel, et al. Strengthening the Partnership: Improving Military Coordination with Relief Agencies and Allies in Humanitarian Operations. Santa Monica: Rand, 2000. 227pp. (UH723 .S77 2000)

Charchian, Daniel J. Understanding Culture and Consensus Building: Requisite Competencies for Interagency Operations. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2001. 23pp. (AD-A390-805)

Chesterman, Simon, ed. Civilians in War. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2001. 291pp. (U21.2 .C49 2001)

Cohen, Eliot A. Supreme Command: Soldiers, Statesmen and Leadership in Wartime. New York: Free Press, 2002. 288pp. (U21.5 .C65 2002)

Colpo, Michael. Smell the Coffee: Military Support to Civilian Authorities & Homeland Defense Here & Now. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 1999. 34pp. (AD-A364-099)

Davis, Vincent, ed. Civil-Military Relations and the Not-Quite Wars of the Present and Future. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 1996. 34pp. (U413 .A66C58 1996)

Desch, Michael C. Civilian Control of the Military: The Changing Security Environment. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999. 184pp. (JF195 .D47 1999)

Feaver, Peter D., and Richard H. Kohn, eds. Soldiers and Civilians: The Civil-Military Gap and American National Security. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2001. 545pp. (UA23 .S5269 2001)

Fishel, John T. "Beyond Jointness: Civil-Military Cooperation in Achieving the Desired End-State." In Beyond Declaring Victory and Coming Home: The Challenges of Peace and Stability Operations, eds. Max G. Manwaring, and Anthony James Joes, 107-133. Westport: Praeger, 2000. (JZ6374 .B49 2000)

Hillen, John. "Servants, Supplicants, or Saboteurs: The Role of the Uniformed Officer and the Changing Nature of America’s Civil-Military Relations." In Organizing for National Security, ed. Douglas T. Stuart, 209-222. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 2000. (U413 .A66O73 2000)

Horn, Bernd, and Stephen J. Harris, eds. "Civil-Military Relations." In Generalship and the Art of the Admiral: Perspectives on Canadian Senior Military Leadership, 341-434. St. Catherines, Ontario: Vanwell, 2001. (UB415 .C2G46 2001)

Huntington, Samuel P. "Power, Expertise and the Military Profession." In The Sociology of the Military, ed. Giuseppe Caforio, 249-271. Appeared originally in the Daedalus, 1963. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 1998. (U21.5 .S51 1998)

Matthews, Lloyd J. The Political-Military Rivalry for Operational Control in U.S. Military Actions: A Soldier’s Perspective. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 1998. 43pp. (U413 .A66M28 1998)

Moskos, Charles C. The Media and the Military in Peace and Humanitarian Operations. Chicago: Robert R. McCormick Tribune Foundation, 2000. 62pp. (P96 A75M67 2000)

National Defense University. Beyond Jointness: The Civil-Military Dimensions of Peace Operations and Humanitarian Assistance. "Builds on the conference on ‘The Civil Dimensions of Military Operations’ held at NDU," 23-24 September 1998. Washington: National Defense University, 2000. 69pp. (JF195 .B29 2000)

Ricks, Thomas E. A Soldier’s Duty: A Novel. New York: Random House, 2001. 320pp. (Annex F RICKS Sol)

Rizer, Kenneth R. Military Resistance to Humanitarian War in Kosovo and Beyond: An Ideological Explanation. Maxwell Air Force Base: Air University Press, 2000. 47pp. (UG635.33 .F2R54 2000)

Shephard, Ben. A War of Nerves: Soldiers and Psychiatrists in the Twentieth Century. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001. 487pp. (RC550 .S535 2001)

Shope, Virginia C., comp. Civil-Military Relations: A Selected Bibliography. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College Library, 1999. 15pp. (U413 .Z92C48 1999)

Snider, Don M., and Miranda A. Carlton-Carew, eds. U.S. Civil-Military Relations: In Crisis or Transition? Washington: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1995. 224pp. (JK330 .U73 1995)

Ulrich, Marybeth Peterson. "Infusing Civil-Military Relations Norms in the Officer Corps." In The Future of the Army Profession, ed. Lloyd J. Matthews, 245-270. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2002. (UB147 .F87 2002)

Van Aller, Christopher D. "The Civilian Soldier." In The Culture of Defense, 143-156. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2001. (UA23 .V23 2001)

Weiss, Thomas G. Military-Civilian Interactions: Intervening in Humanitarian Crises. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999. 281pp. (KZ6369 .W45 1999)

Periodical Articles

Avant, Deborah, and James Lebovic. "U.S. Military Attitudes toward Post-Cold War Missions." Armed Forces & Society 27 (Fall 2000): 37-56.

Bachman, Jerald G., et al. "Distinctive Military Attitudes among U.S. Enlistees, 1976-1997: Self-Selection Versus Socialization." Armed Forces & Society 26 (Summer 2000): 561-585.

Bland, Douglas L. "A Unified Theory of Civil-Military Relations." Armed Forces & Society 26 (Fall 1999): 7-25.

Blank, Stephen J. "Valuing the Human Factor: The Reform of Russian Military Manpower." Journal of Slavic Military Studies 12 (March 1999): 64-93.

Brower, Michael J. "Civil-Military Conflict at the Pentagon? Let’s Hope So …." Military Review 79 (November-December 1999): 72-73.

Brown, Alan L. "Jointness Begins at Home: Responding to Domestic Incidents." Joint Force Quarterly, no. 21 (Spring 1999): 106-111.

Bryan, Ian. "Military Success Requires Political Direction." Strategic Review 27 (Fall 1999): 3-11.

Castillo, Lourdes A. "Waging War with Civilians: Asking the Unanswered Questions." Aerospace Power Journal 24 (Fall 2000): 26-31.

Cohen, Eliot A. "Twilight of the Citizen-Soldier." Parameters 31 (Summer 2001): 23-28.

Dahl, Erik J. "The Mirror Is Cracked, Not Broken." Proceedings: U.S. Naval Institute 125 (December 1999): 34-38.

Dandeker, Christopher. "On the Need to Be Different: Military Uniqueness and Civil-Military Relations in Modern Society." RUSI Journal 146 (June 2001): 4-9.

Dassel, Kurt. "Civilians, Soldiers, and Strife: Domestic Sources of International Aggression." International Security 23 (Summer 1998): 107-140.

Dietrick, Robert. "Casualty Sensitivity and the Indirect Approach." Aerospace Power Journal 15 (Spring 2001): 106-109.

Donnelly, Elaine. "The Credibility Crisis." Proceedings: U.S. Naval Institute 126 (August 2000): 42-48.

Dowd, James J. "Connected to Society: The Political Beliefs of U.S. Army Generals." Armed Forces & Society 27 (Spring 2001): 343-372.

Eisenhour, John Howard, and Edward Marks. "Overcoming Obstacles in Civil-Military Operations." Joint Force Quarterly, no. 22 (Summer 1999): 86-90.

Foster, Gregory D. "Civil-Military Gap: What Are the Ethics?" Proceedings: U.S. Naval Institute 126 (April 2000): 82-86.

Franke, Volker C., and Lindy Heinecken. "Adjusting to Peace: Military Values in a Cross-National Comparison." Armed Forces & Society 27 (Summer 2001): 567-595.

Garofano, John. "Deciding on Military Intervention: What Is the Role of Senior Military Leaders?" Naval War College Review 53 (Spring 2000): 40-64.

Gentry, John A. "Complex Civil-Military Operations: A U.S. Military-Centric Perspective." Naval War College Review 53 (Autumn 2000): 57-76.

Gibson, Christopher P., and Don M. Snider. "Civil-Military Relations and the Potential to Influence: A Look at the National Security Decision-Making Process." Armed Forces & Society 25 (Winter 1999): 193-218.

Goldstein, Lyle J. "General John Shalikashvili and the Civil-Military Relations of Peacekeeping." Armed Forces & Society 26 (Spring 2000): 387-411.

Harbaugh, Kenneth E. "Bridging the Civil-Military Divide." Proceedings: U.S. Naval Institute 127 (May 2001): 34-37.

Harris, Andrew J. "Facing the Challenges of Military-Civil Cooperation in Complex Emergencies." Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy 28 (October 2000): 11-14.

Holsti, Ole R. "Widening Gap between the U.S. Military and Civilian Society? Some Evidence, 1976-96." International Security 23 (Winter 1998-1999): 5-42.

Johnson, Kent D. "Political-Military Engagement Policy: Casualty Avoidance and the American Public." Aerospace Power Journal 15 (Spring 2001): 98-105.

Karsten, Peter. "The US Citizen-Soldier’s Past, Present, and Likely Future." Parameters 31 (Summer 2001): 61-73.

Lange, John E. "Civilian-Military Cooperation and Humanitarian Assistance: Lessons from Rwanda." Parameters 28 (Summer 1998): 106-122.

Luttwak, Edward N. "From Vietnam to Desert Fox: Civil-Military Relations in Modern Democracies." Survival 41 (Spring 1999): 99-112.

Morgan, Matthew J. "Army Recruiting and the Civil-Military Gap." Parameters 31 (Summer 2001): 101-117.

Moten, Matthew, and Christopher P. "The Soldier and Congress." Military Review 79 (March-April 1999): 65-68.

Muller, Kurt E. "Toward a Concept of Strategic Civil Affairs." Parameters 28 (Winter 1998-1999): 80-98.

Oulton, Donald P., and Alan F. Lehman. "Deployment of U.S. Military, Civilian and Contractor Personnel to Potentially War Hazardous Areas from a Legal Perspective." DISAM 23 (Summer 2001): 15-21.

Owens, Mackubin Thomas. "Civil-Military Relations: Should Retired Senior Military Officers Stay Out of Political Campaigns?" Armed Forces Journal International 138 (November 2000): 10+.

Smith, Michael M., and Melinda Hofstetter. "Conduit or Cul-de-Sac? Information Flow in Civil-Military Operations." Joint Force Quarterly, no. 21 (Spring 1999): 100-105.

Snider, Don M., Robert F. Priest, and Felisa Lewis. "The Civilian-Military Gap and Professional Military Education at the Precommissioning Level." Armed Forces & Society 27 (Winter 2001): 249-272.

Stiehm, Judith Hicks. "Civil-Military Relations in War College Curricula." Armed Forces & Society 27 (Winter 2001): 273-294.

Wiegand, Krista E., and David L. Paletz. "The Elite Media and the Military-Civilian Culture Gap." Armed Forces & Society 27 (Winter 2001): 183-204.
 
 

Negotiation

"Let us never negotiate out of fear. But let us never fear to negotiate."
John F. Kennedy, 20 January 1961
Books and Documents


Crocker, Chester A., Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall, eds. Herding Cats: Multiparty Mediation in a Complex World. Washington: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1999. 735pp. (JZ6045 .H47 1999)

Dawson, Roger. Secrets of Power Negotiating: Inside Secrets from a Master Negotiator. 2nd ed. Franklin Lakes, NJ: Career Press, 1999. 319pp. (HD58.6 .D39 1999)

Docherty, Jayne Seminare. Learning Lessons from Waco: When the Parties Bring Their Gods to the Negotiation Table. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2001. 351pp. (BP605 .B72D63 2001)

Fisher, Roger, William Ury, and Bruce Patton. Getting to Yes: Negotiating Agreement without Giving In. 2nd ed. New York: Penguin Books, 1991. 200pp. (BF637 .N4F57 1991)

Goodwin, Deborah. Negotiation in International Conflict: Understanding Persuasion. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2002. 179pp. (JZ6374 .N44 2002)

Kellett, Peter M., and Diana G. Dalton. Managing Conflict in a Negotiated World: A Narrative Approach to Achieving Dialogue and Change. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2001. 207pp. (HM1126 .K24 2001)

Kramer, Henry S. Game, Set, Match: Winning the Negotiation Game. New York: ALM, 2001. 360pp. (HD58.6 .K73 2001)

Lebow, Richard Ned. The Art of Bargaining. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996. 193pp. (BF637 .N4L43 1996)

Lewicki, Roy J. "Negotiating Strategically." In The Portable MBA in Management, Allan R. Cohen, 147-189. New York: Wiley, 1993. (HD31 .C586 1993)

Marley, Anthony D. Negotiating the Military Components of Civil War Peace Agreements. Clementsport, NS: Canadian Peacekeeping Press, 1999. 61pp. (KZ6745 .M37 1999)

Starkey, Brigid, Mark A. Boyer, and Jonathan Wilkenfeld. Negotiating a Complex World: An Introduction to International Negotiation. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999. 150pp. (JZ6045 .S73 1999)

Tannen, Deborah. The Argument Culture: Moving from Debate to Dialogue. New York: Random House, 1998. 348pp. (P301.5 .P47T36 1998)

Ury, William. Getting Past No: Negotiating with Difficult People. New York: Bantam Books, 1991. 161pp. (BF637 .N4U79 1991)

Watkins, Michael, and Susan Rosegrant. Breakthrough International Negotiation: How Great Negotiators Transformed the World’s Toughest Post-Cold War Conflicts. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. 346pp. (JZ6045 .W17 2001)

Zartman, I. William, ed. Preventive Negotiation: Avoiding Conflict Escalation. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2001. 336pp. (JZ1305 .P74 2001)

Zartman, I. William, and Jeffrey Z. Rubin, eds. "The Study of Power and the Practice of Negotiation." In Power and Negotiation, 3-28. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000. (JZ6045 .P69 2000)

Zartman, I. William, and Jeffrey Z. Rubin, eds. "Symmetry and Asymmetry in Negotiation." In Power and Negotiation, 271-293. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000. (JZ6045 .P69 2000)
 

Periodical Articles
Allred, Keith G. "Distinguishing Best and Strategic Practices: A Framework for Managing the Dilemma between Creating and Claiming Value." Negotiation Journal 16 (October 2000): 387-397.

Bordone, Robert C. "Teaching Interpersonal Skills for Negotiation and Life." Negotiation Journal 16 (October 2000): 377-385.

Campbell, Elise, and Jeffrey J. Reuer. "International Alliance Negotiations: Legal Issues for General Managers." Business Horizons 44 (January-February 2001): 19-26.

Cucolo, Anthony A. "Grunt Diplomacy: In the Beginning There Were Only Soldiers." Parameters 29 (Spring 1999): 110-126.

Doctoroff, Susan. "Reengineering Negotiations." Sloan Management Review 39 (Spring 1998): 63-71.

Fukushiama, Susan. "What You Bring to the Table: Transference and Countertransference in the Negotiation Process." Negotiation Journal 15 (April 1999): 169-179.

Gardner, Howard. "Using Multiple Intelligences to Improve Negotiation Theory and Practice." Negotiation Journal 16 (October 2000): 321-324.

Jones, Tricia S., and Andrea Bodtker. "Mediating with Heart in Mind: Addressing Emotion in Mediation Practice." Negotiation Journal 17 (July 2001): 217-

Marley, Anthony D. "Responsibilities of a Military Negotiator during Peace Talks." Parameters 26 (Summer 1996): 67-78

Maruca, Regina Fazio. "The Electronic Negotiator." Harvard Business Review 78 (January-February 2000): 16-17.

Nally, Kevin J. "Negotiating: An Art You Can Use." Marine Corps Gazette 81 (October 1997): 22-23.

Rind, Bruce, and David Kipnis. "Changes in Self-Perceptions as a Result of Successfully Persuading Others." The Journal of Social Issues 55 (Spring 1999): 141-156.

Sebenius, James K. "Six Habits of Merely Effective Negotiators." Harvard Business Review 79 (April 2001): 87-95.

Senger, Jeffrey M. "Tales of the Bazaar: Interest-Based Negotiation across Cultures." Negotiation Journal 18 (July 2002): 233-250.

Spector, Bertram I. "Deciding to Negotiate with Villains." Negotiation Journal 15 (July 1999): 43-59.

Watkins, Michael. "Negotiating in a Complex World." Negotiation Journal 15 (July 1999): 245-267.
 
 

Combat Related Human Dimensions
"The beginning of leadership is a battle for the hearts and minds of men."

Field Marshall Bernard L. Montgomery

Books and Documents


Ambrose, Stephen E. Band of Brothers: E Company, 506th Regiment, 101st Airborne: Normandy to Hitler’s Eagle’s Nest. 2nd ed. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2001. 333pp. (D769.347 506th .A57 2001)

Bolger, Daniel P. Death Ground: Today’s American Infantry in Battle. Novato: Presidio Press, 1999. 359pp. (UA28 .B65 1999)

Bowden, Mark. Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War. New York: Penguin Books, 2000. 392pp. (DT407.4 .B69 2000)

Breakwell, Glynis, and Keith Spacie. Pressures Facing Commanders. Camberly, Surrey: Strategic and Combat Studies Institute, 1997. 28pp. (U163 .S7 no. 29)

Brinsfield, John W. "Reality Check: The Human and Spiritual Needs of Soldiers and How to Prepare Them for Combat." In The Future of the Army Profession, ed. Lloyd J. Matthews, 397-424. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2002. (UB147 .F87 2002)

Burkett, B.G., and Glenna Whitley. Stolen Valor: How the Vietnam Generation Was Robbed of Its Heroes and Its History. Dallas: Verity Press, 1998. 692pp. (DS558 .B85 1998)

Clark, Wesley K. Waging Modern War: Bosnia, Kosovo, and the Future of Combat. New York: PublicAffairs, 2001. 479pp. (DR1313.8 .C41 2001)

Cordesman, Anthony H. "The Problem of ‘Perfect’ and ‘Bloodless’ Wars." In The Lessons and Non-Lessons of the Air and Missile Campaign in Kosovo, 95-137. Westport: Praeger, 2001. (DR2087.5 .C67 2001)

Griffith, Paddy. "Fighting Spirit: Leadership and Morale on the ‘Empty Battlefield’ of the Future." In The Human Face of Warfare: Killing, Fear and Chaos in Battle, eds. Michael Evans, and Alan Ryan, 109-122. St. Leonards, Australia: Allen & Unwin, 2000. (U22.3 .H86 2000)

Grossman, Dave. "Human Factors in War: The Psychology and Physiology of Close Combat." In On Killing: The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society, 5-24. Boston: Little, Brown, 1995. (U22.3 .G76 1995)

Gutmann, Stephanie. The Kinder, Gentler Military: Can America’s Gender-Neutral Fighting Force Still Win Wars? New York: Scribner, 2000. 300pp. (UB418 .W65G88 2000)

Halpin, Stanley M. The Human Dimensions of Battle Command: A Behavioral Science Perspective on the Art of Battle Command. Alexandria: U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral Sciences, 1996. 50pp. (UB210 .H14 1996)

Hawley, Alan. "People not Personnel: The Human Dimension of Fighting Power." In The British Army, Manpower and Society into the Twenty-First Century, ed. Hew Strachan, 213-226. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2000. (UB325 .G7B75 2000)

Hertling, Mark P. "The Battle of Oom Chalouba, 17 June 2008: The Leader’s Role in Preparing Units for the Physical Demands of Combat." In Leadership: The Warrior’s Art, ed. Christopher D. Kolenda, 287-307. 2nd ed. Carlisle: Army War College Foundation Press, 2001. (UB210 .L21 2001)

Horn, Bernd, and Stephen J. Harris, eds. "Operations." In Generalship and the Art of the Admiral: Perspectives on Canadian Senior Military Leadership, 213-338. St. Catherines, Ontario: Vanwell, 2001. (UB415 .C2G46 2001)

Hynes, Samuel. The Soldiers’ Tale: Bearing Witness to Modern War. New York: Allen Lane/Penguin Press, 1997. 318pp. (U42 .H96 1997)

Karres, Matthew G., and Michael Richardson. Innovation from Below: The Role of Subordinate Feedback in Irregular Warfare Operations. Thesis. Monterey: Naval Postgraduate School, 2001. 101pp. (V425 .U5 TH K27)

Keegan, John. The Mask of Command. New York: Penguin, 1988. 368pp. (UB210 .K44 1988)

Manton, Jeremy, Carlene Wilson, and Helen Braithwaite. "Human Factors in Field Training for Battle: Realistically Producing Chaos." In The Human Face of Warfare: Killing, Fear and Chaos in Battle, Michael Evans, and Alan Ryan, 177-197. St. Leonards, Australia: Allen & Unwin, 2000. (U22.3 .H86 2000)

Marlowe, David H. Psychological and Psychosocial Consequences of Combat and Deployment: with Special Emphasis on the Gulf War. Santa Monica: Rand, 2001. 181pp. (RC550 .M37 2001)

McManus, John C. The Deadly Brotherhood: The American Combat Soldier in World War II. Novato: Presidio, 1998. 353pp. (D769.2 .M36 1998)

Murphy, Peter J., and Kelly M.J. Farley. "Morale, Cohesion, and Confidence in Leadership: Unit Climate Decisions for Canadian Soldiers on Operations." In The Human in Command: Exploring the Modern Military Experience, eds. Carol McCann, and Ross Pigeau, 311-331. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 2000. (UB212 .H86 2000)

Newman, Aubrey S. Follow Me I: The Human Element in Leadership. Originally published in 1981 as Follow Me. Novato, CA: Presidio, 1997. 307pp. (UB210 .N48 1997)

Newman, Aubrey S. Follow Me II: More on the Human Element in Leadership. Novato: Presidio Press, 1992. 267pp. (UB210 .N478 1992)

Osiel, Mark. Obeying Orders: Atrocity, Military Discipline, & the Law of War. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 1999. 398pp. (K4760 .S85O84 1999)

Poole, John. "Minimal Force: The Mark of a Skilled Warrior." In Spirit, Blood, and Treasure: The American Cost of Battle in the 21st Century, ed. Donald E. Vandergriff, 107-123. Novato: Presidio Press, 2001. (UA23 .S583 2001)

Post, Jerrold M. "The Defining Moment of Saddam’s Life: A Political Psychology Perspective on the Leadership and Decision Making of Saddam Hussein during the Gulf War." In The Political Psychology of the Gulf War: Leaders, Publics, and the Process of Conflict, ed. Stanley A. Renshon, 49-66. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993. (DS79.72 .P64 1993)

Regan, Geoffrey. Fight or Flight. New York: Avon Books, 1996. 277pp. (U22.3 .R23 1996)

Schuster, Carol R. Quality of Life for U.S. Soldiers Deployed in the Balkans. Washington: U.S. General Accounting Office, 2000. 53pp. (U21.5 .S38 2000)

Shaara, Jeff. Gone for Soldiers. New York: Ballantine Books, 2000. 424pp. (PZ4 .S31 Gon 2000)

Shay, Jonathan. Achilles in Vietnam: Combat Trauma and the Undoing of Character. New York: Maxwell Macmillan, 1994. 246pp. (RC550 .S53 1994)

Sheffield, G.D. Leadership in the Trenches: Officer-Man Relations, Morale and Discipline in the British Army in the Era of the First World War. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000. 270pp. (UB415 .G7S54 2000)

Sheffield, G.D. "The Morale of the British Army on the Western Front, 1914-18: A Case Study of the Importance of the ‘Human Factor’ in Twentieth-Century Total War." In War in the Age of Technology: Myriad Faces of Modern Armed Conflict, eds. Geoffrey Jensen, and Andrew Wiest, 105-139. New York: New York University Press, 2001. (U21.2 .W368 2001)

U.S. Department of the Army. Combat Stress. Field Manual 6-22.5 Washington: U.S. Department of the Army, 23 June 2000. 1 vol. (FM 6-22.5)

U.S. Department of the Army. "The Human Dimension." In Army Leadership: Be, Know, Do, chapter 3. Field Manual 22-100. Washington: U.S. Department of the Army, 31 August 1999. 1 vol. (FM 22-100)

Underwood, Lamar, ed. The Greatest War Stories Ever Told: Twenty-Four Incredible War Tales. Guilford, CT: Lyons Press, 2001. 335pp. (PN6071 .W35G74 2001)

Ursano, Robert J., et al. Trauma, Stress & Health: Military Women in Combat, Deployment & Contingency Operations: Recommendations. Bethesda, MD: Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, 1996. 366pp. (RC552 .P67S29 1996)

Vandergriff, Donald E., ed. Spirit, Blood, and Treasure: The American Cost of Battle in the 21st Century. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 2001. 424pp. (UA23 .S583 2001)

Wayne, Stephen J. "President Bush Goes to War: A Psychological Interpretation from a Distance." In The Political Psychology of the Gulf War: Leaders, Publics, and the Process of Conflict, ed. Stanley A. Renshon, 29-48. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993. (DS79.72 .P64 1993)

Winslow, Donna. The Canadian Airborne Regiment in Somalia: A Socio-Cultural Inquiry. Ottawa: Commission of Inquiry into the Deployment of Canadian Forces to Somalia, 1997. 330pp. (DT407 .W35 1997)

Winters, Harold A. Battling the Elements: Weather and Terrain in the Conduct of War. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998. 317pp. (UA990 .B38 1998)
 

Periodical Articles
Adams, Thomas K. "Future Warfare and the Decline of Human Decisionmaking." Parameters 31 (Winter 2001-2002): 57-71.

Bahnsen, John C., and Robert W. Cone. "Defining the American Warrior Leader." Parameters 20 (December 1990): 24-28.

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Audiovisuals
Bowden, Mark. Black Hawk Down: A Story of Modern War. New York: Simon & Schuster Audio, 1999. 300 min. (CD-ROMs DT407.4 .B692 1999)

Corman, Gene, prod. The Big Red One. Burbank: Warner Home Video, 1999. 113min. (DVD PN1995.9 .W3B54 1999)

Cromwell Productions. The Generals: Leaders in Battle. England: Cromwell Productions, 1999. 220 min. (Video (D25 .G25 1999)

Frontline. Ambush in Mogadishu. Boston: WGBH Educational Foundation; Alexandria: PBS Home Video, 1998. 90 min. (Videos DT407 .A51 1998)

Huston, John, dir. The Red Badge of Courage: Stephen Crane’s Novel of the American Civil War. Originally released as a motion picture in 1951. Burbank: Warner Home Video, 2001. 69 min. (Videos PZ3 .C85R22 2001)

Mackenzie, Richard, prod. Afghanistan Revealed. [s.l.]: National Geographic: Warner Home Video, 2001. 45 min. (Video DS371.3 .A23 2001)

Republic Pictures. Sands of Iwo Jima. Los Angeles: Republic Entertainment, 2000. 109 min. (DVD PN1995.9 .W3S26 2000)

Shaara, Jeff. Gone for Soldiers: A Novel of the Mexican War. New York: Random House, 2000. 6 hr. (Cassettes PZ4 .S32 Gon 2000)

Shaara, Michael. The Killer Angels. St. Paul, MN: HighBridge, 1997. 6 hrs. (Cassettes PZ4 .S521 Ki 1997)

Spielberg, Steven, dir. Saving Private Ryan. Universal City: Dreamworks Home Entertainment, 1999. 194 min. (Videos D761 .S18 1999)

WGBH Boston. Gunning for Saddam. Boston: PBS Home Video, 2001. 60 min. (Videos DS79.66 .H87G8 2001)