SPECIAL OPERATIONS

A Selected Bibliography

March 1995

Compiled by Jane E. Gibish

U.S. Army War College Library

Carlisle Barracks, PA

Preface

This bibliography identifies selected books, documents, and periodical articles which present the history, development, and current status of Special Operations. It updates the previous U.S. Army War College Library bibliography on Special Operations, dated March 1989. There is no overlapping between the two bibliographies.

All but seven of the items reflected in the bibliography are available in the U.S. Army War College Library. Entries are accompanied by our call numbers (keep in mind that call numbers may vary from library to library). The seven items not in our Library are located at the U.S. Army Military History Institute here at Carlisle Barracks. These items are appropriately identified within the bibliography.

For additional information, please contact the Research and Information Services Branch, U.S. Army War College Library, by sending an e-mail message to awcsl@awc.carlisle.army.mil, or by phoning DSN 242-3660 or Commercial (717) 245-3660.

Jane E. Gibish, compiler

SPECIAL OPERATIONS

A Selected Bibliography

CONTENTS

SPECIAL OPERATIONS - UNITED STATES

Books and Documents..............................................................1

Periodical Articles...................................................................9

SPECIAL OPERATIONS - COUNTRIES OTHER THAN THE UNITED STATES

Books and Documents.............................................................20

Periodical Articles..................................................................22

SPECIAL OPERATIONS - UNITED STATES

BOOKS AND DOCUMENTS

Adkin, Mark. Urgent Fury: The Battle for Grenada. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1989. 391pp. (F2056.8 .A35 1989)

See index under such subject headings as Special Operations Forces, Rangers, Delta Force, and Navy SEAL Detachments.

Barker, Geoffrey T. A Concise History of US Army Special Operations Forces, with Lineage and Insignia. 2d ed. Tampa: Anglo-American Publishing, 1993. 260pp. (U.S. Army Military History Institute: Ref UA15.5 .B39 1993)

Barnett, Frank R., and Lord, Carnes, eds. Political Warfare and Psychological Operations: Rethinking the US Approach. Washington: National Defense University Press, 1989. 242pp. (UB276 .P65 1989)

Pp. 45-75: "Military Psychological Operations."

Bennett, Thomas B. Night Jungle Operations. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, School of Advanced Military Studies, 1993. 55pp. (U415 .A42 93 B45)

Betts, Donald W. Logistical Support of Special Operations Forces during Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm. Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 3 April 1992. 44pp. (AD-A251-754)

Bonham, Gordon C. Airfield Seizure: The Modern "Key to the Country." Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, School of Advanced Military Studies, December 1990. 56pp. (U415 .A42 90 B55)

Bonham, Gordon C. Special Operations Forces: The Combination Tool in the CINC's Operational Toolbox. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, School of Advanced Military Studies, 1 May 1991. 56pp. (U415 .A42 91 B65)

Booz, Allen & Hamilton. United States Special Operations Command Umbrella Concept for Low Intensity Conflict. Washington: U.S. Special Operations Command, May 1989.

2 Vols. (U240 .U57 1989)

Vol. 1: Strategy and Policy Background Umbrella Concept for Low Intensity Conflict.

Vol. 2: Umbrella Concept for Low Intensity Conflict.

Bosiljevac, T.L. SEALs: UDT/SEAL Operations in Vietnam. Boulder: Paladin Press, 1990. 256pp. (DS558.92 .B67 1990)

Bowra, Kenneth R. An Historical Study: The U.S. Army Vietnam Individual Training Group (UITG) Program, 1971-1973). Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 15 March 1991. 48pp. (AD-A233-669)

Boyatt, Mark D. Unconventional Operations Forces of Special Operations. Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 15 April 1993. 87pp. (AD-A264-031)

Boykin, William G. Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict Legislation: Why Was It Passed and Have the Voids Been Filled? Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 12 April 1991. 66pp. (AD-A235-154)

Carmody, Russell D. Theater Combat Search and Rescue. Thesis. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 6 May 1993. 126pp. (U415 .A4 TH C16)

Carroll, Douglas E. Special Forces Doctrine and Army Operations Doctrine. Thesis. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 4 June 1993. 142pp. (U415 .A4 TH C27)

Chadwick, Frank, and Caffrey, Matt. Gulf War Fact Book. Bloomington, IL: GDW, 1991. 104pp. (DS79.72 .C53 1991)

Pp: 88-89: "Special Operations: Modern Commandos."

Collins, John M. Special Operations Forces: An Assessment, 1986-1993. Washington: National Defense University Press, 1994. 189pp. (U262 .C647 1994)

Crockett, Lawrence C. Joint Commanders and Budget Authority. Executive Research Project. Fort McNair: U.S. National Defense University, Industrial College of the Armed Forces, April 1992. 1 vol. (U416 .E9C76 1992)

Cuddihee, Michael A., and Schmidt, John W. Special Operations Forces: Responsive, Capable, and Ready. Research Report. Maxwell Air Force Base: U.S. Air University, Air War College, May 1990. 83pp. (UG635.3 .U5 RR-90 C82)

Cummins, Gerald E. A Primer on Fire Support for Joint Special Operations. Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 15 April 1993. 85pp. (AD-A264-875)

Curtis, Thiery G. Special Operations: Joint Training. Maxwell Air Force Base: Air University Press, January 1993. 80pp. (UG635.32 .C89 1993)

Dillon, Peter J. Ethical Decision Making on the Battlefield: An Analysis of Training for U.S. Army Special Forces. Thesis. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 5 June 1992. 112pp. (U415 .A4 TH D34)

Donnelly, Thomas; Roth, Margaret; and Baker, Caleb. Operation Just Cause: The Storming of Panama. New York: Lexington Books, 1991. 453pp. (E183.8 .P2D66 1991)

See index under such subject headings as Special Forces, Rangers, SEALS, and Delta Force.

Dwyer, John B. Scouts and Raiders: The Navy's First Special Warfare Commandos. New York: Praeger, 1993. 189pp. (VG87 .D89 1993)

Editors of Time-Life Books. Commando Operations. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life Books, 1991. 159pp. (U.S. Army Military History Institute: UA15.5 .C65 1991)

Editors of Time-Life Books. The New Face of War: Special Forces and Missions. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life Books, 1990. 176pp. (U262 .S62 1990)

Eshel, David. Daring to Win: Special Forces at War. London: Arms and Armour, 1992. 214pp. (U262 .E75 1992)

Faint, D.R. Joint Special Operations Intelligence Support: A Critical Analysis. Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 20 March 1993. 66pp. (AD-A263-670)

Flanagan, Edward M., Jr. Battle for Panama: Inside Operation Just Cause. Washington: Brassey's, 1993. 251pp. (F1567 .F57 1993)

Flavin, William J. Concept for the Strategic Use of Special Operations Forces in the 1990's and Beyond. Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 22 May 1991. 107pp. (AD-A237-245)

Florer, Hayward S., Jr. United States Army Special Forces: Versatile Element in the Future Security Environment. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, School of Advanced Military Studies, 1993. 57pp. (U415 .A42 93 F56)

Fondacaro, Steve A. A Strategic Analysis of U.S. Special Operations during the Korean Conflict, 1950-1953. Thesis. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 19 May 1988. 137pp. (U415 .A4 TH F65)

Garner, Joe R., and Fine, Avrum M. Code Name: Copperhead: My True-Life Exploits as a Special Forces Soldier. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994. 431pp. (U53 .G37A3 1994)

Garner, Robert J. Ethical Guidelines for Military Covert Operations. Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 9 March 1990. 38pp. (AD-A220-694)

Gonyea, Gregory T. The Role of the F-117 Stealth Fighter in Special Operations. Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 15 April 1993. 43pp. (AD-A263-675)

Goodman, A. Sue, comp. Persian Gulf War, 1990-1991: Desert Shield/Desert Storm. Special Bibliography No. 297a. Maxwell Air Force Base: Air University Library, November 1991. 183pp. (UG635.3 .U5 SB-297a)

Pp. 45-46: "Special Operations."

Grau, Lester W. Special Operations in the Gulf War: A View from the "Soviet" Military Establishment. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Combined Arms Command, Foreign Military Studies Office, July 1992. 9pp. (U415 .F5G672 1992)

Gray, David R. Black and Gold Warriors: US Army Rangers during the Korean War. Ph.D. Dissertation. Columbus: Ohio State University, 1992. 308pp. (U.S. Army Military History Institute: DS920.5 .R3G72 1992a)

Harris, Andrew J. Presidents, Generals and Green Berets: Explaining Cyclical Support of U.S. Special Operations Forces. Ph.D. dissertation. College Park: University of Maryland, 1993. 494pp. (U.S. Army Military History Institute: UA34 .S64H37 1993a)

Haselton, Mark A. The Role of Special Operations Forces in Counter-Narcotic Operations. Thesis. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 1 June 1990. 133pp. (U415 .A4 TH H17)

Hayden, H.T. Shadow War: Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict. Vista, CA: Pacific Aero Press, 1992. 288pp. (U262 .S258 1992)

Hill, John A. Air Force Special Operations Forces: A Unique Application of Aerospace Power. Maxwell Air Force Base: Air University Press, 1993. 76pp. (UG635.32 .H55 1993)

Hilton, Corson L. United States Army Special Forces: From a Decade of Development to a Sustained Future. Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2 April 1991. 51pp. (AD-A236-431)

Hogan, David W., Jr. Raiders or Elite Infantry?: The Changing Role of the U.S. Army Rangers from Dieppe to Grenada. Contributions in Military Studies, No. 128. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992. 272pp. (UA34 .R36H64 1992)

Hogan, David W., Jr. U.S. Army Special Operations in World War II. Washington: U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1992. 158pp. (D794.5 .H64 1991)

Irwin, Wyman W. A Special Force: Origin and Development of the Jedburgh Project in Support of Operation Overlord. Thesis. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 1991. 211pp. (U415 .A4 TH I68)

Jistel, Arthur A. The Role of Air Force Special Operations Forces in the Low Intensity Conflict Environment. Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 5 April 1991. 30pp. (AD-A236-491)

Johnson, Richard D. PSYOP, the Gulf Paper War: Psychological Warfare Operations against the Iraqi Military and Civilian Establishments between November 1990 and February 1991. Titusville, FL: R.D. Johnson, 1992. 444pp. (U.S. Army Military History Institute: DS79.744 .P78J54 1992)

Kelly, Francis J. The Green Berets in Vietnam, 1961-71. Washington: Brassey's, 1991. 227pp. (DS558.4 .K45 1991)

Kelly, Orr. Brave Men...Dark Waters: The Untold Story of the Navy SEALS. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1992. 288pp. (VG87 .K45 1992)

Kelly, Ross S. Special Operations and National Purpose. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1989. 167pp. (U262 .K45 1989)

Koster, Michael C. Foreign Internal Defense: Does Air Force Special Operations Have What It Takes? Maxwell Air Force Base: Air University Press, 1993. 111pp. (UG635.32 .K67 1993)

Kyle, James H., and Eidson, John R. The Guts to Try: The Untold Story of the Iran Hostage Rescue Mission by the On-Scene Desert Commander. New York: Orion Books, 1990. 352pp. (E183.8 I55K95 1990)

Lewis, S.J. Jedburgh Team Operations in Support of the 12th Army Group, August 1944. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Combat Studies Institute, 1991. 83pp. (U415 .C6J42 1991)

McDonald, Ralph E. Cohesion, The Key to Special Operations Teamwork. Maxwell Air Force Base: Air University Press, October 1994. 90pp. (UG635.32 .M25 1994)

Macfarlane, Douglas E. A Counterterrorism Story: A Review of the Counterterrorist Policy of the United States. Newport: U.S. Naval War College, Department of Operations, 20 May 1991. 25pp. (V420 .M23 1991)

McGuiness, Matthew P. Prospects for Special Forces Operations in the Middle East. Thesis. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 4 June 1993. 88pp. (U415 .A4 TH M22)

McRaven, William H. The Theory of Special Operations. Thesis. Monterey: U.S. Naval Postgraduate School, June 1993. 604pp. (V425 .U5 TH M27)

Author develops a theory about relative superiority while he analyzes 8 historical cases.

Mitchell, Janice L. Special Operations Forces as Humanitarians?--You Bet! Newport: U.S. Naval War College, Joint Maritime Operations Department, 22 February 1993. 29pp. (V420 .M37 1993)

Mitchell, John M. Roles for Special Operations Forces in the 1990's. Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 8 February 1993. 21pp. (AD-A264-205)

Moore, Bernard V., II. The Secret Air War over France: USAAF Special Operations Units in the French Campaign: A Historical Case Study of the Role of Air Force Special Operations Forces in High-Intensity Conflict. Maxwell Air Force Base: Air University Press, 1993. 50pp. (UG635.3 .U51 TH M55)

Moore, James D. The Future of the Reserve Component (RC) Special Forces (SF) Individual Training Program. Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College Library,

31 March 1989. 52pp. (AD-A232-083)

Morgan, Wayne J. Reserve Component Special Forces: Integration and Employment Models for the Operational Continuum. Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 15 April 1992. 53pp. (AD-A251-195)

Nadel, Joel, and Wright, J.R. Special Men and Special Missions: Inside American Special Operations Forces, 1945 to the Present. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1994. 256pp. (U262 .N34 1994)

Navy League of the United States. Almanac of Seapower, 1994. Arlington, VA: 1994. 312pp. (V25 .A45 1994)

Pp. 56-63: "The Quiet Capabilities of Special Operations Forces Are Tailormade for This Era," by George C. Wilson.

Nichols, Ralph D. Jedburgh Operations: Support to the French Resistance in Eastern Brittany from June-September 1944. Thesis. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 4 June 1993. 90pp. (U415 .A4 TH N52)

Nixon, James C. Combined Special Operations in World War II. Thesis. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 9 May 1993. 140pp. (U415 .A4 TH N39)

Onoszko, Peter W.J. Horse-Mounted Troops in Low Intensity Conflict: An Argument for the Development of a Horse-Mounted Capability within United States Special Operations Forces. Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, June 1991. 24pp. (AD-A237-625)

Paschall, Rod. LIC 2010: Special Operations & Unconventional Warfare in the Next Century. Washington: Brassey's, 1990. 166pp. (U240 .P38 1990)

Pentagon Library. Low Intensity Conflict. Selective bibliography. Washington: December 1989. 26pp. (Z6725 .P4L6 1989)

Perkins, Christopher S. Special Operations Forces (SOF): An Integral Part of the Theater Operating System. Newport: Naval War College, 8 February 1994. 27pp. (V420 .P47 1994)

Pierce, George M., II. An Analysis of Strategic Planning to Support the Special Operations Forces C3 Interoperability. Thesis. Wright-Patterson Air Force Base: U.S. Air Uni-

ersity, Air Force Institute of Technology, September 1992. 68pp. (UG635.34 TH P57

1992)

Quarrie, Bruce. Special Forces. London: Apple Press, 1990. 128pp. (U262 .Q3 1990)

Pp. 46-66: "United States of America."

Rand Corporation. The United States Special Operations Command Resource Management Process: An Application of the Strategy-to-Tasks Framework, by Leslie Lewis; James A. Coggin; and Charles R. Roll. Santa Monica, CA: 1994. 72pp. (UA34 .S64L48 1994)

Realini, James P. Special Forces Doctrine for Counternarcotics Operations. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, School of Advanced Military Studies, January 1991. 57pp. (U415 .R42 1991)

Sandler, S. To Free from Oppression: A Concise History of U.S. Army Special Forces, Civil Affairs, Psychological Operations, and the John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School. Fort Bragg: U.S. Army Special Operations Command, Directorate of History and Museums, 1994. 193pp. (U.S. Army Military History Institute: UA34 .S64T64 1994)

Senkovich, Steven W. From Port Salines to Panama City: The Evolution of Command and Control in Contingency Operations. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, School of Advanced Military Studies, May 1990. 67pp. (U415 .A42 90 S25)

Shaver, John W., III. Office of the Strategic Services: Operational Groups in France during World War II, July-October 1994. Thesis. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 4 June 1993. 121pp. (U415 .A4 TH S37)

Shope, Virginia C., and Kutulas, Nancy, comps. Special Operations: A Selective Bibliography. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College Library, March 1989. 13pp. (U413 .Z92S59 1989)

Smith, Douglas I. Army Aviation in Operation Just Cause. Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 1992. 155pp. (AD-A251-409)

Stanton, Shelby L. Rangers at War: Combat Recon in Vietnam. New York: Orion Books, 1992. 382pp. (DS559.8 .R43S73 1992)

Stanton, Shelby L. Special Forces at War: An Illustrated History, Southeast Asia 1957-1975. Charlottesville, VA: Howell Press, 1990. 383pp. (DS558.92 .S72 1990)

Sturgill, Claude C. Low-Intensity Conflict in American History. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1993. 147pp. (U240 .S84 1993)

Pp. 99-112: "From the Rangers Through the Green Berets to the Delta Force and Beyond to What?"

Sutherland, Ian D.W. Special Forces of the United States Army, 1952-1982. San Jose, CA: R. James Bender, 1990. 723pp. (UA15.5 .S97 1990)

Thigpen, Jerry L. AFSOC: The Air Force's Newest Command. Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 8 March 1991. 88pp. (AD-A234-054)

Thompson, Leroy. Badges and Insignia of the Elite Forces. London, Arms and Armour, 1991. 144pp. (Ref UA15 .T35 1991)

Pp. 14-33: "United States of America."

Thompson, Leroy. The Illustrated History of the U.S. Army Special Forces. Secaucus, NJ: Citadel Press, 1987. 149pp. (UA34 .S64T45 1988)

Thompson, Leroy. The U.S. Army in Vietnam. Newton Abbot, England: David & Charles, 1990. 216pp. (DS558.4 .T56 1990)

Pp. 95-125: "Special Operations Forces."

Towle, Philip A. Pilots and Rebels: The Use of Aircraft in Unconventional Warfare, 1918-1988. Washington: Brassey's, 1989. 253pp. (UG632 .T65 1989)

Trumble, Roy R. USSOCOM Support for Counter Narcotics. Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 21 March 1991. 37pp. (AD-A235-838)

U.S. Army War College. Department of Military Strategy, Planning, and Operations. Operation Just Cause: December 1989: Case Study. Carlisle Barracks: November 1990. 298pp. (U413 AY91 .O61jc)

U.S. Army War College. Department of Military Strategy, Planning, and Operations. Operation Urgent Fury, Grenada, 1983: Case Study. Carlisle Barracks: April 1993. 117pp. (U413 AY93 .O647uf)

U.S. Center for Army Lessons Learned. Operation Just Cause Lessons Learned. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Combined Arms Training Activity, October 1990. 2 vols. (U408.3 .C24 no.90-09 v.1,v.2)

Vol. 1: Soldiers and Leadership.

Vol. 2: Operations.

U.S. Special Operations Command. Reserve Component Special Forces Background Study. MacDill Air Force Base: July 1991. 135pp. (UA34 .S64R27 1991)

U.S. Special Operations Command. United States Special Operations Forces: Posture Statement, by H. Allen Holmes and Wayne A. Downing. Washington: 1994. 1 vol. (UA23 .A51 1994 H54)

Vandenbroucke, Lucien S. Perilous Options: Special Operations as an Instrument of U.S. Foreign Policy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. 257pp. (E840.4 .V36 1993)

Van Dyke, Anthony E. MEU (SOC)S and CINC'S. Newport: U.S. Naval War College, Department of Operations, February 1993. 25pp. (V420 .V15 1993)

Subject of paper is the Special Operations Capable Marine Expeditionary Unit.

Von Hassell, Agostino. Strike Force: U.S. Marine Corps Special Operations. Charlottesville, VA: Howell Press, 1991. 141pp. (VE23 .V651 1991)

Walker, Greg. At the Hurricane's Eye: U.S. Special Forces from Vietnam to Desert Storm. New York: Ivy Books, 1994. 278pp. (UA34 .S64W355 1994)

Waller, Douglas C. The Commandos: The Making of America's Secret Soldiers. New York: Simon & Schuster 1994. 399pp. (UA34 .S64W35 1994)

White, Terry. Swords of Lightning: Special Forces and the Changing Face of Warfare. Washington: Brassey's, 1992. 292pp. (U262 .W55 1992)

PERIODICAL ARTICLES

Adams, M.L. "SOF Joint/Combined Exchange Training Program." Asia-Pacific Defense Forum, Vol. 19, Summer 1994, pp. 40-45.

Adams, Thomas K. "SOF in Peace-Support Operations." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, October 1993, pp. 2-7.

Adolph, Robert B., Jr. "PSYOP: Gulf War Multiplier." Army, Vol. 42, December 1992, pp. 16-22.

Adolph, Robert B., Jr. "Remaining Engaged in Africa: An Army SOF Strategy." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, October 1993, pp. 22-25.

Adolph, Robert B., Jr. "Strategic Rationale for SOF." Military Review, Vol. 72, April 1992, pp. 36-46.

Adolph, Robert B., Jr. "U.N. Military Civic Action in Cambodia." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, July 1994, pp. 12-18.

Adolph, Robert B., Jr. "Viewpoint: _Peacetime Engagement_ and Special Operations Forces." Military Intelligence, Vol. 20, January-March 1994, pp. 32-34.

"Aerial Resupply for Special Operations." (Article focuses on 528th Special Operations Support Battalion) Army Logistician, May-June 1994, pp. 24-25.

"Air Force Special Operations School: An Emphasis on Education." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, May 1993, pp. 10-13.

Barnes, Rudolph C., Jr. "Civic Action, Humanitarian and Civic Assistance, and Disaster Re-lief: Military Priorities in Low-Intensity Conflict." Special Warfare, Vol. 2, Fall 1989, pp. 34-41.

Barnes, Rudolph C., Jr. "Civil Affairs: Diplomat-Warriors in Contemporary Conflict." Special Warfare, Vol. 4, Winter 1991, pp. 4-11.

Borchini, Charles P., and Borstelmann, Mari. "PSYOP in Somalia: The Voice of Hope." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, October 1994, pp. 2-9.

Boyatt, Mark D. "Unconventional Operations Forces of Special Operations." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, October 1994, pp. 10-17.

Brady, Robert G. "The Civil Affairs FID/UW (Foreign Internal Defense/Unconventional Warfare) Battalion and Its Implications for SOF in LIC Operations." Special Warfare, Vol. 4, Winter 1991, pp. 12-17.

Brownlee, Daniel. "Interview: LtCol Daniel Brownlee, Commander, 1st Battalion, 5th Special Forces Group." (LtCol Brownlee talks about Special Forces in Operations Desert Shield/Desert Storm and about the role of Special Forces in coalition warfare.) Special Warfare, Vol. 6, July 1993, pp. 40-45.

Bruton, James K. "Subjective Side of Cross-Cultural Communication." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, April 1994, pp. 28-31.

Buckland, Eric W. "Rapid Support Unit: Special Forces Support to Joint Task Force - Six." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, January 1994, pp. 16-18.

Burgess, William H., III. "Theory of Ground Reconnaissance." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, February 1993, pp. 2-8.

Butler, Keith. "Cobra Gold '93: SOF Units Work with Thai Counterparts." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, January 1994, pp. 12-15.

Butler, Keith. "SOF Support to Hurricane Andrew Recovery." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, July 1993, pp. 12-17.

Cantrell, John E. "Guard's 20th Special Forces Provided Comfort to the Kurds." National Guard, Vol. 46, February 1992, pp. 16-19.

Carpenter, Patrick O. "Birth of an Elite." (Brief history of Rangers) Soldiers, Vol. 47, September 1992, p. 32.

Christie, Kevin. "ODA (Operational Detachment Alpha) Planning: Tips from the JRTC (Joint Readiness Training Center)." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, April 1994, pp. 22-27.

"Civil Affairs in Operation Just Cause." Special Warfare, Vol. 4, Winter 1991, pp. 28-37.

Colby, William. "Interview: William Colby, Former Director, Central Intelligence Agency." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, April 1994, pp. 40-43.

Collins, John M. "Roles and Functions of U.S. Special Operations Forces." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, July 1993, pp. 22-27.

Collins, John M. "Where Are Special Operations Forces?" JFQ: Joint Force Quarterly, No. 2, Autumn 1993, pp. 7-16.

Connolly, Timothy G. "Interview with Timothy G. Connolly, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict)." Interview by

Glenn W. Goodman, Jr. Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 132, November 1993,

pp. 26-27.

Cook, Steven E. "Managing Special-Operations Forces Doctrine." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, April 1994, pp. 36-39.

Costa, Christopher P. "Changing Gears: Special Operations Intelligence Support to Operation Provide Comfort." Military Intelligence, Vol. 18, October-December 1992, pp. 24-28.

DeAtkine, Norvelle B. "Communal Strife: The Insurgency of the Future." Special Warfare, Vol. 5, October 1992, pp. 48-51.

Dietrich, Joseph K. "Ensuring Readiness for Active and Reserve-Component SF (Special Forces) Units. Special Warfare, Vol. 5, March 1992, pp. 25-27.

Doherty, Terry. "FID (Foreign Internal Defense) in the 90s. Special Warfare, Vol. 5, March 1992, pp. 39-41.

Doherty, Terry. "SOF Roles and Missions: Re-examining the Environment." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, May 1993, pp. 21-23.

Donnelly, Tom, and McIntire, Katherine. "Rangers in Somalia: Anatomy of a Firefight." Army Times, 15 November 1993, pp. 14-18.

Dougherty, Kevin. "Why Civic Actions and Security Cannot Be Separated." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, January 1994, pp. 34-38.

Downing, Wayne A. "Small Budget, Big Payoff: Interview with General Wayne A. Downing, CINC, U.S. Special Operations Command." Interview by Glenn W. Goodman, Jr. Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 132, August 1994, pp. 44-45.

Downing, Wayne A. "Special Operations Forces: Meeting Tomorrow's Challenges Today." Special Warfare, Vol. 8, January 1995, pp. 2-10.

Downing, Wayne A. "Special Operations Forces Evolve, Adapt to Change." Prepared statement of General Wayne A. Downing, USA, commander in chief, U.S. Special Operations Command, before the Senate Armed Services Committee, March 2, 1994. Defense Issues, Vol. 9, No. 14, 1994, pp. 1-7.

Eggers, Thomas E. "Today's Air Commandos: Air Force Special Operations Command." Military Review, Vol. 71, June 1991, pp. 14-21.

Epstein, Stephen M; Cronin, R.S.; and Pulley, J.G. "JTF (Joint Task Force) Haiti: A United Nations Foreign Internal Defense Mission." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, July 1994, pp. 2-9.

Fenzel, John, III. "Five Imperatives of Coalition Warfare." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, July 1993, pp. 2-8.

FFlanagan, Edward M., Jr. "Hostile Territory Was Their AO (Area of Operation) in Desert Storm." Army, Vol. 41, September 1991, pp. 12-16, 30.

Franklin, Bill, and MacGarrigle, Ken. "CAC3I (Civil Affairs Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence): The Area Study Comes of Age." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, May 1993, pp. 18-20.

Frix, Robert S., and Davis, Archie L. "Task Force Freedom and the Restoration of Kuwait." Military Review, Vol. 72, October 1992, pp. 2-10.

Garcia, Elroy. "We Did Right That Night." (Firefight in Somalia on 3-4 Oct 93) Soldiers, Vol. 49, February 1994, pp. 17-20.

Goodman, Glenn W., Jr. "Civil Savvy in Special Ops: Skills of Army Civil Affairs Personnel in Demand." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 132, October 1994, p. 66.

Goodman, Glenn W., Jr. "Commando Vision: Air Force Reserve's SOF Role to Change." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 132, December 1994, p. 42.

Goodman, Glenn W., Jr. "High Tech Night Stalking: Army SOF Gets the Latest Aviation." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 131, June 1994, p. 52.

Goodman, Glenn W., Jr. "New Maritime Craft Take SEALs to New Level." Sea Power, Vol. 37, November 1994, pp. 33-35.

Goodman, Glenn W., Jr. "Rangers Get Sealegs: Special Operators Play in New Joint Force Packages." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 131, May 1994, p. 52.

Goodman, Glenn W., Jr. "Retreating from the Leading Edge: Special Operations Command Will Leverage Services' Technologies." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 131, March 1994, p. 42.

Goodman, Glenn W., Jr. "SOCOM: Defining Its Equipment Priorities." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 132, September 1994, p. 61.

Goodman, Glenn W., Jr. "SOF ATS (Aircrew Training System) Will Provide Unique Training and Mission Rehearsal Capabilities." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 132, November 1993, p. 34.

Goodman, Glenn W., Jr. "US Special Operations Forces: Revitalization Efforts Bear Fruit." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 131, September 1993, p. 54.

Goodman, Glenn W., Jr. "Warm and Dry: Mini-Sub Will Bring SEALs in from the Cold." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 131, April 1994, p. 46.

Goodman, Glenn W., Jr. "Warrior-Diplomats - Not Political Warriors: Sound Guidelines for Employing US Special Operations Forces." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 132, February 1995, p. 42.

Gourley, Scott R. "Forging the New Tools for Special Operations." Army, Vol. 44, April 1994, pp. 40-44.

Gourley, Scott R. "Vested Interest: Ranger Body Armor in Demand." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 131, April 1994, p. 46.

Grimes, Vincent P. "48K Strong and $3B Budget Make Command Key Force." National Defense, Vol. 78 January 1994, pp. 20-21.

Grimes, Vincent P. "Global Disarray Demands Special Operations Force." National Defense, Vol. 79, December 1994, pp. 44-45.

Grimes, Vincent P. "Special Operations Funds Remain Steady at $3.2B: Aviation Asset Modernization Is Continuing with Naval Component Next on Priority List." National Defense, Vol. 79, February 1995, pp. 26-27.

Gustafson, Andy. "Distinct Missions Demand Unique Support Structure: Given Strict Operational Requirements and Ever Declining Budgets, Service Collaboration Is a Must." National Defense, Vol. 78, January 1994, pp. 35-36.

Hammer, Joshua, and Waller, Douglas. "_Special Ops_: The Top-Secret War." (Describes some covert operations carried out during the Persian Gulf War) Newsweek, Vol. 117,

18 March 1991, p. 32.

Herbert, Scott S., and Adolph, Robert B., Jr. "A Common Sense Approach to Psychological Operations." Special Warfare, Vol. 2, Winter 1989, pp. 30-33.

Hewish, Mark. "Electronics for Special Operations." International Defense Review, Vol. 26, December 1993, pp. 976-984.

Holmes, H. Allen. "Interview: H. Allen Holmes, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, October 1994, pp. 46-48.

Holmes, H. Allen. "State of Special Operations." Defense Issues, Vol. 9, No. 87, 1994,

pp. 1-4.

Housman, Damian. "Special Operators Require Special Equipment." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 128, July 1991, pp. 46-47.

Huckabee, Robert H. "Reconnaissance: Looking to the Future Through the Past." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, February 1993, pp. 9-11.

Hurteau, Joseph C., and Hayner, Bob. "USACAPOC (U.S. Army Civil Affairs and Psychological Operations Command): One Step Closer to the _Total Army_." Special Warfare, Vol. 5, March 1992, pp. 14-17.

Jacobs, G. "Special Operations Forces: The United States." Asian Defence Journal, April 1991, pp. 21-27.

Jeremiah, David E. "Melding Special Operations with Forces of the Future." Remarks delivered by Admiral David E. Jeremiah, USN, vice chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, to the 1991 Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict Symposium and Exposition, Washington, D.C., December 9, 1991. Defense Issues, Vol. 7, No. 7, 1992, pp. 1-4.

Johnson, David E.A. "Cross-Cultural Communication in Coalition Warfare." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, July 1993, pp. 9-11.

"Joint Acquisition Effort Pays Out Lofty Dividends: Special Forces Program Management Gains Advantages from a Joint-Service Approach." National Defense, Vol. 78, January 1994, pp. 23-24.

Jones, Jeffrey B. "Psychological Operations in Desert Shield, Desert Storm and Urban Freedom." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, July 1994, pp. 22-29.

Kappelman, Paul B., and Armstrong, Robert E. "PSYOP Task Force to JTF (Joint-Task-Force) Andrew: A Case Study in Support to Disaster-Recovery Operations." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, July 1993, pp. 18-21.

Katana, Tom. "SEALs to the Carriers." Proceedings - U.S. Naval Institute, Vol. 119, June 1993, pp. 61-63.

Kernan, William F. "USSOCOM Creates Clearinghouse for New Ideas." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, April 1994, p. 21.

Kilgore, Joe E. "PSYOP in Support of Low-Intensity Conflict." Special Warfare, Vol. 5, October 1992, pp. 26-31.

Kneafsey, David B. "Intelligence Operations and the ODA (Operational Detachment Alpha): Minimizing Risks and Maximizing Payoff." Special Warfare, Vol. 8, January 1995, pp.

22-25.

Krawczyk, Stephanie. "Recognizing the Heroes of Somalia." Army Times, 11 April 1994,

p. 8.

Krohn, Charles A. "Special Operations Needs Focus Not Hocus Pocus." (Article focuses on a progress report written by John Collins of the Library of Congress's Congressional Research Service) National Defense, Vol. 78, January 1994, pp. 37-38.

Lambakis, Steven. "_Forty Selected Men Can Shake the World_: The Contributions of Special Operations to Victory." Comparative Strategy, Vol. 13, April-June 1994, pp. 211-221.

Lambert, Geoffrey; Pedrozo, Frank; and Roach, J.S. "Interview: Special Forces in El Salvador." Interview with LtCol Geoffrey Lambert, LtCol Frank Pedrozo and Col J.S. Roach. Special Warfare, Vol. 6, October 1993, pp. 34-38.

Lance, Victor D. "MAGTF (SOC): Time to Make It Happen." Marine Corps Gazette, Vol. 76, July 1992, pp. 55-61.

Subject of article is special operations capable Marine air-ground task force.

Lane, Larry. "Always on Call." (Training of Rangers) Soldiers, Vol. 47, September 1992, pp. 28-31.

Lane, Larry. "Courage on the Cliffs." (D-Day off France's Normandy coast) Soldiers, Vol. 49, June 1994, pp. 50-52.

Laster, James B. "Marine Corps' Role in Joint Special Operations: Are We Elite Enough?" Marine Corps Gazette, Vol. 78, January 1994, pp. 52-57.

Reply. Van Fleet, Duane, Jr., and others. "Marines and Special Operations: A Reply." Marine Corps Gazette, Vol. 78, April 1994, pp. 56-59.

Lechowich, Richard A. "Forlorn Hope: U.S. Military Operations in Somalia, 1993-94." Strategy & Tactics, No. 170, September-October 1994, pp. 65-74.

See especially pages 70-72.

Lewis, Robert D. "SOF Planning for Coalition Operations." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, October 1994, pp. 28-33.

Locher, James R., III. "Focusing on the Future: The Role of SOF in Emerging Defense Strategy." Special Warfare, Vol. 5, March 1992, pp. 10-13.

Locher, James R., III. "Interview: James R. Locher, III, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, May 1993, pp.

33-35.

Ludvigsen, Eric C. "Taking Charge of the SOF Armory." Army, Vol. 42, April 1992, pp.

43-44.

McGill, Jim. "FM 31-20-5: New Manual Focuses on Special Reconnaissance." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, February 1993, pp. 12-15.

McMichael, William H. "Mind Games." (Focuses on a particular episode during the Persian Gulf War when 3 U.S. psychological operations soldiers got an entire Iraqi battalion to surrender) Soldiers, Vol. 47, May 1992, pp. 6-8.

Margelletti, Andrea. "Special Operations in the Desert." Military Technology, Vol. 15, April 1991, pp. 62-65.

Maynard, Wayne K. "New American Way of War." Military Review, Vol. 73, November 1993, pp. 5-17.

Meadows, Sandra I. "Unified Command Hones Skills for Peace and War." National Defense, Vol. 79, December 1994, pp. 42-43.

Merchant, Julie M. "Threat Weapons and Weapons Technologies: Implications for Army SOF." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, July 1994, pp. 32-39.

Mulholland, John F. "Grabbing the Brass Ring: Making the Most of Overseas Training." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, October 1993, pp. 42-43.

"Multipolar World Dictates SOF Be Agile and Stealthy." National Defense, Vol. 78, March 1994, pp. 35-38.

Nash, Douglas E. "Civil Affairs in the Gulf War: Administration of an Occupied Town." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, October 1994, pp. 18-27.

"Naval Special Warfare Center: _Schoolhouse_ for Naval Special Operations." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, May 1993, pp. 14-17.

Naylor, Sean D. "Special Forces: Riding Blind?" (Overview of remarks by General Wayne Downing and others attending an April 1994 conference on "Special Operations Forces in Operations Other Than War") Army Times, 25 April 1994, p. 36.

Nicholson, John W., Jr. "Omaha Beach, 6 June 1944: Lessons from Company C, 2d Ranger Battalion." Infantry, Vol. 84, May-June 1994, pp. 8-12.

Nolan, Mary I. "Warriors Who Come from the Sea: Profile of Naval Special Warfare Command." Sea Power, Vol. 38, February 1995, pp. 38-40.

Nullmeyer, Robert T., and others. "Simulation Technology Transforms [Air Force] SOF Mission Preparation." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 132, November 1993, pp. 37-39.

O'Brien, Michael A. "Reserve Component Special Forces Soldier: An Asset with Special Capabilities." Special Warfare, Vol. 5, March 1992, pp. 36-38.

Oliveri, Frank. "No Time for Rambos." Air Force Magazine, Vol. 76, June 1993, pp. 30-36.

Oliveri, Frank. "When the LZ Is Hot : Combat Controllers Jump Early to Establish Communications in Hostile Landing Zones." Air Force Magazine, Vol. 77, February 1994, pp. 28-34.

Paddock, Alfred H., Jr. "PSYOP in the Early 1980s: The Way We Were." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, October 1993, pp. 29-33.

Parker, Jay M. "Training the PSYOP Force." Special Warfare, Vol. 5, October 1992, pp. 2-5.

"The Plan to Kill Saddam Hussein: Gulf War: Could _Special Operations_ Have Pre-empted Desert Storm?" Newsweek, Vol. 123, 10 January 1994, p. 31.

Porter, Neil. "Legal Aspects of Civil Affairs." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, April 1994, pp.

32-35.

Riester, Carl W. "Cold-Weather Operations." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, January 1994, pp.

7-11.

Rogers, Chase. "CSS (Combat Service Support) for Army Special Operations Forces." Army Logistician, November-December 1992, pp. 27-31.

Rogers, Thomas F.D. "Mission-Oriented Language Training." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, February 1993, p. 23.

Rogish, Joseph J., Jr. "Do Marines Belong in USSOCom (U.S. Special Operations Command)?" Marine Corps Gazette, Vol. 76, July 1992, pp. 58-59.

Rollins, G. "Special Forces Pretraining." Special Warfare, Vol. 5, March 1992, pp. 30-31.

Rylander, R. Lynn. "ASD-SOLIC (Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low-Intensity Conflict): The Congressional Approach to SOF Reorganization." Special Warfare, Vol. 2, Spring 1989, pp. 10-17.

Sandler, Stanley. "Army Psywarriors: A History of U.S. Army Psychological Operations." Special Warfare, Vol. 5, October 1992, pp. 18-25.

Sandler, Stanley. "Seal the Victory: A History of U.S. Army Civil Affairs." Special Warfare, Vol. 4, Winter 1991, pp. 38-41.

Sayre, Ed. "Special Forces Command and Control: Running an Operational Base." Special Warfare, Vol. 5, October 1992, pp. 42-47.

Schemmer, Benjamin F. "Alleged US-UK Special Ops Heist of Iraqi Missiles before Desert Storm _Didn't Happen_." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 128, July 1991, pp.

39-40.

Schemmer, Benjamin F. "No USAF Combat Rescue Aircraft in Gulf: It Took 72 Hours to Launch One Rescue." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 128, July 1991, pp. 37-38.

Schemmer, Benjamin F. "USAF MH-53J Pave Lows Led Army Apaches Knocking Out Iraqi Radars to Open Air War." (Operation Desert Storm) Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 128, July 1991, p. 34.

Scott, James T. "U.S. Army Special Operations Command: Meeting Tomorrow's Challenges Today." Army, Vol. 44, October 1994, pp. 165-171.

Shachnow, Sidney. "Intercultural Communication: The Need for Conceptual Skills." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, February 1993, pp. 20-22.

Shemella, Paul. "Defusing Mega Weapons Aim of Revised Doctrine: Special Operations Forces Require More Mobile, Lighter Systems to Negotiate Emerging Missions." National Defense, Vol. 78, January 1994, pp. 33-34.

Simmons, Thomas R. "Legal Aspects of Security Assistance." Special Warfare, Vol. 2, Fall 1989, pp. 29-33.

Smith, Raymond C., Jr. "Interview with Rear Admiral Raymond C. Smith, Jr., USN, Commander, Naval Special Warfare Command." Interview by Glenn W. Goodman, Jr. Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 131, January 1994, pp. 35-36.

Sofaer, Abraham D. "Terrorism, the Law and the National Defense." Special Warfare, Vol. 2, Fall 1989, pp. 12-28.

"SOLLMIS (Special Operations Lessons Learned Management Information System): New Data Base Preserves SOF Lessons-Learned." Special Warfare, Vol. 4, Winter 1991, pp. 48-49.

"Special Operations in Desert Storm: Separating Fact from Fiction." Special Warfare, Vol. 5, March 1992, pp. 2-6.

"Special Operations Schoolhouse." (John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School) Army, Vol. 42, April 1992, pp. 40-42.

"Special Ops Leaders Seek High Technology Systems: Countering Terrorism, Proliferation Now Added to SOCOM's Traditional Repertoire of Missions." National Defense, Vol. 78, March 1994, pp. 33-34.

"Special Ops Teams Found 29 Scuds Ready to Barrage Israel 24 Hours before Cease-Fire." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 128, July 1991, p. 36.

Starling, Jim. "Experiment in Joint Ops." (Overview of a special training exercise in which Rangers, Special Forces teams and special operations aviators joined the crew of the carrier George Washington) Army, Vol. 44, July 1994, pp. 36-39.

Stech, Frank J. "Upheaval in Europe: PSYOP Communications Lessons Learned." Special Warfare, Vol. 5, October 1992, pp. 13-17.

Steele, Dennis. "Force of _Great Utility_ That Cannot Be Mass-Produced." Interview with LtGen Wayne A. Downing, commander of U.S. Army Special Operations Command. Army, Vol. 42, April 1992, pp. 24-33.

Steele, Dennis. "Mogadishu, Somalia: The Price Paid." Army, Vol. 43, November 1993, pp. 25-26.

Sterner, Thomas G., and Bushong, Carol M. "MQS (Military Qualification Standards) Evolves into Officer Foundation Standards." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, October 1994, pp. 42-45.

Stiner, Carl W. "Large-Scale War to Forward Presence: USSOCOM's Wide-Ranging Area of Operations." Army, Vol. 43, April 1993, pp. 28-36.

Stiner, Carl W. "Special Operations Forces: Strategic Potential for the Future." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, May 1993, pp. 2-9.

Stiner, Carl W. "Special Ops: Unprecedented Risks, Opportunities Ahead." Based on a prepared statement to the Senate Armed Services Committee, March 5, 1992. Defense 92, May-June 1992, pp. 29-38.

Stiner, Carl W. "Strategic Employment of Special Operations Forces." Military Review, Vol. 71, June 1991, pp. 2-13.

Stiner, Carl W. "US Special Operations Forces: A Strategic Perspective." Parameters, Vol. 22, Summer 1992, pp. 2-13.

Summe, Jack N. "PSYOP Support to Operation Desert Storm." Special Warfare, Vol. 5, October 1992, pp. 6-9.

Summe, Jack N. "Total PSYOP Integration: Reorganizing Active and Reserve-Component PSYOP Forces." Special Warfare, Vol. 5, October 1992, pp. 10-12.

Sutton, Geoff. "On the Move with the Guard's 1st Battalion, 245th Aviation." Army, Vol. 44, March 1994, pp. 45-47.

Thieme, Donald J. "Heliborne Company Raid: A Commander's Challenge." Marine Corps Gazette, Vol. 76, December 1992, pp. 64-69.

Timmes, Thomas A. "Military Psychological Operations in the 1990s." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, January 1994, pp. 19-21.

Van Buskirk, James H. "Synchronizing Fire Support and Joint SOF Operations." Field Artillery, February 1993, pp. 24-26.

Van Zandt, Clinton R. "When Forces Work Together: Army PSYOP & the FBI in St. Croix. Special Warfare, Vol. 6, May 1993, pp. 24-25.

Vines, Brian R. "Special Reconnaissance Planning: Notes from the JRTC (Joint Readiness Training Center) Special Warfare, Vol. 6, February 1993, pp. 16-19.

Vogel, Steve. "Special Operations, Simulation Spotlighted: Conventional Force Commanders Learn Unconventional Ways." Army Times, 12 October 1992, p. 18.

Vogelsang, Bob. "Treating the Animals of Kuwait." Special Warfare, Vol. 5, March 1992,

p. 7.

Walker, Paulette V. "Only a Ranger Understands: Seekers of the Tab Face Extraordinary Stress, Hardship." Army Times, 6 March 1995, pp. 14-16.

Waller, Douglas. "Exclusive: Behind Enemy Lines: The First Combat Photos of Green Beret Commandos on a Secret Mission Deep inside Iraq." Newsweek, Vol. 117, 28 October 1991, p. 34.

Waller, Douglas. "The Force of the Future?": Reversal of Fortune: The Special-Ops Mission Is Growing." Newsweek, Vol. 117, 17 June 1991, p. 29.

Waller, Douglas. "Hell Week." Newsweek, Vol. 123, 10 January 1994, pp. 28-31.

This article, which describes the training of Navy SEALs, is an excerpt from the book by Douglas Waller entitled The Commandos.

Waller, Douglas. "Secret Warriors." (Details of some special forces operations during the Persian Gulf War) Newsweek, Vol. 117, 17 June 1991, pp. 20-28.

Walsh, Gary L. "No Special Rules for Special Operations: The Relationship of Law and the Judge Advocate to SOF." Special Warfare, Vol. 2, Fall 1989, pp. 4-11.

Watson, Henry, III. "Special Forces Mission Analysis by the Operational Detachment." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, January 1994, pp. 39-41.

Wells, Mike. "SEALs: To Hell and Back." (The training of Navy SEALs) Jane's Defence Weekly, Vol. 15, 30 March 1991, pp. 474-475.

Wood, John; Benway, Ken; and Barnes, Sherry. "SOF Warfighting Center: Answering the Challenge of SOF Simulation Support." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, January 1994, pp. 30-33.

Wood, Todd. "Army vs Air Force: Will the Real SOF Aviation Arm Please Stand Up?" Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 131, April 1994, p. 45.

York, Ken. "Army Special Operations Command Pushes the Technology Envelope." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 131, November 1993, pp. 28-33.

York, Ken. "PSYOP Personnel Put the Word Out." (Psychological Operations in Somalia) Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 131, December 1993, p. 37.

SPECIAL OPERATIONS - COUNTRIES OTHER THAN THE

UNITED STATES

BOOKS AND DOCUMENTS

Burgess, William H., III, ed. Inside Spetsnaz: Soviet Special Operations: A Critical Analysis. Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1990. 308pp. (UA776 .S64I57 1990)

Carlin, Thomas M. CLARET: The Nature of War and Diplomacy: Special Operations in Borneo, 1963-1966. Strategic Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 19 April 1994. 59pp. (AD-A279-519)

de Quenetain, Guy Huchet. The French Rapid Action Force: An Original Concept Which Has Proven Its Effectiveness. Study Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College,

1 March 1993. 40pp. (AD-A263-842)

Editors of Time-Life Books. Commando Operations. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life Books, 1991. 159pp. (Available only at U.S. Army Military History Institute: UA15.5 .C65 1991)

Pp. 29-61: "Redress in the South Atlantic." (British special operations forces during the Falklands War)

Editors of Time-Life Books. The New Face of War: Special Forces and Missions. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life Books, 1990. 176pp. (U262 .S62 1990)

Eshel, David. Daring to Win: Special Forces at War. London: Arms and Armour, 1992. 214pp. (U262 .E75 1992)

Gebhardt, James F. Soviet Special Purpose Forces: An Annotated Bibliography. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Combined Arms Center, Soviet Army Studies Office, May 1990. 23pp. (U415 .S6S637 1990)

Hayden, H.T. Shadow War: Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict. Vista, CA: Pacific Aero Press, 1992. 288pp. (U262 .S258 1992)

Horner, David. SAS, Phantoms of the Jungle: A History of the Australian Special Air Service. Nashville: Battery Press, 1989. 527pp. (U.S. Army Military History Institute: UA873 .S94H67 1989)

Irwin, Wyman W. A Special Force: Origin and Development of the Jedburgh Project in Support of Operation Overlord. Thesis. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 1991. 211pp. (U415 .A4 TH I68)

Kelly, Ross S. Special Operations and National Purpose. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1989. 167pp. (U262 .K45 1989)

McGuiness, Matthew P. Prospects for Special Forces Operations in the Middle East. Thesis. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 4 June 1993. 88pp. (U415 .A4 TH M22)

McRaven, William H. The Theory of Special Operations. Thesis. Monterey: U.S. Naval Postgraduate School, June 1993. 604pp. (V425 .U5 TH M27)

Author develops a theory about relative superiority while he analyzes 8 historical cases.

Nichols, Ralph D. Jedburgh Operations: Support to the French Resistance in Eastern Brittany from June-September 1994. Thesis. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 4 June 1993. 90pp. (U415 .A4 TH N52)

Nixon, James C. Combined Special Operations in World War II. Thesis. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 9 May 1993. 140pp. (U415 .A4 TH N39)

Paschall, Rod. LIC 2010: Special Operations & Unconventional Warfare in the Next Century. Washington: Brassey's, 1990. 166pp. (U240 .P38 1990)

Quarrie, Bruce. Special Forces. London: Apple Press, 1990. 128pp. (U262 .Q3 1990)

Schofield, Carey. The Russian Elite: Inside Spetsnaz and the Airborne Forces. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1993. 288pp. (UA776 .S64S36 1993)

Shaver, John W., III. Office of the Strategic Services: Operational Groups in France during World War II, July-October 1994. Thesis. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 4 June 1993. 121pp. (U415 .A4 TH S37)

Thompson, Leroy. Badges and Insignia of the Elite Forces. London: Arms and Armour, 1993. 144pp. (Ref UA15 .T35 1991)

Towle, Philip A. Pilots and Rebels: The Use of Aircraft in Unconventional Warfare, 1918-1988. Washington: Brassey's, 1989. 253 pp. (UG632 .T65 1989)

Turbiville, Graham H. Foreign SOF. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Combined Arms Command, Foreign Military Studies Office, 1992-1994. 7 vols. (U415 .F5F56, no.1-8)

Contains articles that appeared in the periodical entitled Special Warfare.

Turbiville, Graham H., and Gebhardt, James F. Counterinsurgency Forces and Soviet Successor States: The Combined Arms Brigade Model in Afghanistan and Beyond. Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Army Combined Arms Command, Foreign Military Studies Office, Summer 1992. 26pp. (U415 .F5 T874 1992)

White, Terry. Swords of Lightning: Special Forces and the Changing Face of Warfare. Washington: Brassey's, 1992. 292pp. (U262 .W55 1992)

PERIODICAL ARTICLES

Note: See the section entitled "Foreign SOF" in most issues of Special Warfare.

Bodansky, Yossef. "DPRK (North Korean) Intelligence and Special Forces Prepare for Conflict." Defense & Foreign Affairs Strategic Policy, Vol. 22, 31 May 1994, pp. 1, 3-5.

Burgess, William H., III. "Special Operations in the Iran-Iraq War." Special Warfare, Vol. 2, Winter 1989, pp. 16-29.

Burgess, William H., III. "Spetsnaz--No Elite Is Perfect." International Defense Review, Vol. 22, November 1989, pp. 1471-1473.

Christie, David G. "Interview: LtCol David G. Christie, Australian SAS (Special Air Service) Regiment." Special Warfare, Vol. 6, February 1993, pp. 33-35.

Dantes, Edmond. "Special Operations Forces." (Includes brief information about the Special Forces of Australia, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, South Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Thailand) Asian Defence Journal, January 1992, pp. 50-57.

de Lionis, Andres. "Pakistan's Naval Special Service Group." Jane's Intelligence Review, Vol. 6, March 1994, pp. 136-137.

Eisenstadt, Michael. "Israel's Approach to Special Operations." Special Warfare, Vol. 7, January 1994, pp. 22-29.

Eshel, David. "Israeli Commandos." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 130, December 1992, p. 32.

Fowler, Will. "Special Forces Weapons and Equipment." Asian Defence Journal, March 1994, pp. 42-49.

Franko, Igor. "Spetsnaz Signals [Radio Communication] Secrets Revealed." International Defense Review, Vol. 24, June 1991, pp. 551-553.

Galeotti, Mark. "DShB--Assault Landing Brigades from Afghanistan to _Defensive Defence_." Jane's Soviet Intelligence Review, Vol. 2, September 1990, pp. 386-391.

Galeotti, Mark. "Special and Intervention Forces of the Former Soviet Union." Jane's Intelligence Review, Vol. 4, October 1992, pp. 438-440.

Katz, Samuel M. "Becoming an Operator." (in the Royal Marines' Special Boat Service, Great Britain) Proceedings - U.S. Naval Institute, Vol. 120, March 1994, pp. 83-87.

Katz, Samuel M. "The Best of the Best: In Germany, Call GSG-9 for Hostage." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 132, January 1995, p. 42.

Katz, Samuel M. "Desert Lightning: Israel Fields Broad Array of Special Forces." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 131, July 1994, pp. 45-46.

Katz, Samuel M. "Flotilla 13: Israel's Naval Commandos." Proceedings - U.S. Naval Institute, Vol. 119, March 1993, pp. 119-123.

Miller, Sergio. "Special Forces--A Future?" (Great Britain) RUSI Journal, Vol. 138, August 1993, pp. 70-74.

Montes, Julio A. "Guatemalan Special Forces." Jane's Intelligence Review, Vol. 6, May 1994, pp. 237-239.

Murphy, David E. "Black Berets: Storm Troopers of Perestroika." Journal of Soviet Military Studies, Vol. 4, September 1991, pp. 487-498.

Murphy, David E. "Operation _Ring_: The Black Berets in Azerbaijan." Journal of Soviet Military Studies, Vol. 5, March 1992, pp. 80-96.

Nouvel, J. "France's FAR (Force d'Action Rapide) and GIGN (Groupe d'Intervention de la Gendarmerie Nationale)." National Defense, Vol. 75, December 1990, pp. 58-63.

"The _Other_ SBS (Special Boat Service)." (The Netherlands) Proceedings - U.S. Naval Institute, Vol. 120, March 1994, pp. 86-87.

Pau, Antonio Ros. "Spain Maintains Special-Forces Tradition." International Defense Review, Vol. 27, March 1994, pp. 53-55.

Plugge, Matthias. "Soviet Special Forces Used to Maintain _Law and Order_." International Defense Review, Vol. 24, March 1991, pp. 201-203.

Schoen, Glenn C. "Holland's Hostage Rescuers--Portrait of a Counter-Terrorist Unit." International Defense Review, Vol. 22, November 1989, pp. 1493-1494.

Simpson, Howard R. "The French Foreign Legion." 2 parts. Army, Vol. 39, November 1989, pp. 34-40; Vol. 39, December 1989, pp. 30-34.

Part 1: "Legion Is Their Country."

Part 2: "_Beau Geste_ Spirit Endures in Age of Helios, Parachutes."

Tusa, Francis. "Arab Special Forces Show East, West Influence." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 130, January 1993, p. 18.

Tusa, Francis. "French Consolidate Special Operations Forces under New Command." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 130, December 1992, p. 34.

Tusa, Francis. "Royal Marines [of United Kingdom] Lift Veil of Secrecy from Commachio Group." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 130, July 1993, p. 33.

Watson, Douglas S. "North Korean Special-Purpose Forces." Special Warfare, Vol. 5, October 1992, pp. 35-41.

Wells, Mike. "Art of Survival." (How UK Forces Train for Jungle Warfare) Jane's Defence Weekly, Vol. 15, 13 April 1991, pp. 587-588.

Zaloga, Steven. "Russians Develop New Weapons for Special Forces." Armed Forces Journal International, Vol. 130, July 1993, p. 32.

Zulkarnen, Isaak. "The Philippine Army Special Forces Group." Asian Defence Journal, January 1995, pp. 60-63.

Special Operations - Operations conducted by specially organized, trained, and equipped military and paramilitary forces to achieve military, political, economic, or psychological objectives by unconventional military means in hostile, denied, or politically sensitive areas. These operations are conducted during peacetime competition, conflict, and war, independent-

ly or in coordination with operations of conventional, nonspecial operations forces. Political-military considerations frequently shape special operations, requiring clandestine, covert, or low visibility techniques and oversight at the national level. Special operations differ from conven- tional operations in degree of physical and political risk, operational techniques, mode of em-

ployment, independence from friendly support, and dependence on detailed operational intelligence and indigenous assets.

--Definition taken from Department of Defense Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. Joint Pub 1-02. Washington: U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, 23 March 1994.