WOMEN IN THE MILITARY

A Selected Bibliography

Compiled by Jacqueline S. Bey

U.S. Army War College Library

Carlisle Barracks, PA

January 2005

Preface

Women have served in the world’s armed forces in unofficial and official capacities for many generations. Women in the Military: A Selected Bibliography was compiled to highlight some of the accomplishments of these servicewomen and the challenges they encounter today.

Most of the books, documents, and periodical articles cited were published since 2000. The web sites included in the bibliography were checked during November-December 2004 to ensure the links were active as of that period. All items are available in the U.S. Army War College Library collection or can be accessed from the Internet. For your convenience call numbers were added at the end of each book or document entry to indicate the item’s shelf location in our library. This bibliography is also available on the Internet from our home page at <http://www.carlisle.army.mil/library>.

For additional information, please contact the Research and Information Services Branch, U.S. Army War College Library, by sending an e-mail message to usarmy.carlisle.awc.mbx.us-libraryr@mail.mil, or by phoning Commercial (717) 245-4260 or DSN 242-4260.

Contents

General Information

Policy and Related Documents

Family and Career

Combat, Training, and Readiness

Health and Fitness

Autobiographies and Biographies

International Armed Forces

GENERAL INFORMATION

Books, Documents, and Internet Resources

Ashabranner, Brent. A Date with Destiny: The Women in Military Service for America Memorial. Brookfield, CT: Twenty-First Century Books, 2000. 64pp. (UB418 .W65A73 2000)

Bey, Jacqueline S., comp. Women in the Military: A Selected Bibliography. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College Library, 2000. 24pp. (U413 .Z92W62 2000) Also available from <http://www.carlisle.army.mil/library/bibs/women00.htm>.

Breuer, William B. War and American Women: Heroism, Deeds, and Controversy. Westport: Praeger, 1997. 255pp. (UB418 .W65B74 1997)

Brodie, Laura Fairchild. Breaking Out: VMI and the Coming of Women. New York: Pantheon Books, 2000. 250pp. (UB430 .V85B76 2000)

Burke, Carol. Camp All-American, Hanoi Jane, and the High-and-Tight: Gender, Folklore, and Changing Military Culture. Boston: Beacon Press, 2004. 264pp. (U21.85 .B87 2004)

Calahan, Philip D. The Code of the Warrior: The Kinder, Gentler Military and Marksmanship: Changing a Culture. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 26pp. (AD-A401-746) Also available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA401746>.

Carpenter, Stephanie A. On the Farm Front: The Women's Land Army in World War. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2003. 214pp. (D810 .W7C37 2003)

De Cataldo Neuburger, Luisella, and Tiziana Valentini. Women and Terrorism. Translated into English by Leo Michael Hughes. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1996. 178pp. (HV6431 .D37 1996)

DeGroot, Gerard J. "A Few Good Women: Gender Stereotypes, the Military and Peacekeeping." In Women and International Peacekeeping, eds. Louise Olsson, and Torunn L. Tryggestad, 23-30. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2001. (JZ5578 . W55 2001)

Ebbert, Jean, and Marie-Beth Hall. The First, the Few, the Forgotten: Navy and Marine Corps Women in World War I. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2002. 189pp. (D639 .W7E23 2002)

Foley, Michael S. "Girls Say ‘Yes’ to Guys Who Say ‘No’." In Confronting the War Machine: Draft Resistance during the Vietnam War, 180-191. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003. (DS559.8 .D7F65 2003)

Frese, Pamela R., and Margaret C. Harrell, eds. Anthropology and the United States Military: Coming of Age in the Twenty-First Century. 1st ed. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 162pp. (UA23 .A683 2003)

Godson, Susan H. Serving Proudly: A History of Women in the U.S. Navy. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press; Washington: Naval Historical Center, 2001. 453pp.(VB324 .W65G63 2001)

Golding, Susan J. Women: Ready for the Challenges of the Future U.S. Armed Forces. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2002. 27pp. (AD-A401-888) Also available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA401888>.

Goldstein, Joshua S. War and Gender: How Gender Shapes the War System and Vice Versa. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2001. 523pp. (U21.5 .G65 2001)

Henkel, Louis O. The Impact of Army Transformation on the Integration of Enlisted Women. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2003. 31pp.(AD-A415-334) Also available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415334>.

Howes, Ruth H., and Michael R. Stevenson, eds. "The Impact of Women’s Use of Military Force." In Women and the Use of Military Force, 207-217. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1993. (U21.75 .W665 1993)

Lewis, Vickie. Side-by-Side: A Photographic History of American Women in War. "Produced with the cooperation of the Military Women’s Press of the Women in Military Service for America Memorial Foundation." New York: Stewart, Tabori & Chang, 1999. 160pp. (UB418 .W65L49 1999)

Litoff, Judy Barrett, and David C. Smith eds. We’re in This War Too: World War II Letters from American Women in Uniform. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. 272pp. (D811 .A2W47 1994)

Manning, Lory, et al. Women in the Military: Where They Stand. 4th ed. Washington: WREI, 2003. 36pp. (UB418.W65 M14 2003)

Meyer, Leisa D. Creating GI Jane: Sexuality and Power in the Women’s Army Corps during World War II. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. 260pp. (UA565 .W6M48 1996)

Military Times Media Group. Faces of Valor: A Photo Tribute to the Men & Women of Operation Iraqi Freedom. Springfield, VA: Army Times Publishing, 2003. 106pp. (DS79.762 .F11 2003)

Miller, Laura. "Women in the Armed Forces." In Armed Forces and International Security: Global Trends and Issues, eds. Jean Callaghan and Franz Kernic, 221-224. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2003. (U21.5 .A74 2003)

Moore, Brenda L. Serving Our Country: Japanese American Women in the Military during World War II: New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2003. 211pp. (UA565 .W6M66 2003)

Morden, Bettie J. The Women’s Army Corps, 1945-1978. U.S. Army Center of Military History, Army Historical Series. Updated February 2001. Available from  <http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/books/wac/index.htm>. Internet.

Morehouse, Maggi M. Fighting in the Jim Crow Army: Black Men and Women Remember World War II. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000. 247pp. (D810 .N4M67 2000)

Murray, Gene. Covering Sex, Race, and Gender in the American Military Services. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 2003. 153pp. (UB417 .M86 2003)

Myers, Susan R. Preparing Women for Strategic Leadership Roles in the Army. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2003. 23pp. (AD-A415-858) Also available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415858>.

Nathan, Amy. Count on Us: American Women in the Military. Washington: National Geographic, 2004. 89pp. (UB418 .W65N17 2004)

Nelson, T.S. For Love of Country: Confronting Rape and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military. New York: Haworth Maltreatment and Trauma Press, 2002. 302pp. (U418 .W65N45 2002)

Nuciari, Marina. "Women in the Military: Sociological Arguments for Integration." In Handbook of the Sociology of the Military, ed. Guiseppe Caforio, 279-297. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 2003. (U21.5 .H36 2003)

Obenauer, Diana L. Female vs Male Differences in Communication: Obstacles and Solutions to Future Leadership Potential within the U.S. Military. Senior Service College Fellowship Paper. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College; Medford, MA: Tufts University, 1994. 79pp. (SSC 1994 Obe)

Schauer, Frederick F. "The Women of the Virginia Military Institute." In Profiles, Probabilities, and Stereotypes, 131-154. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2003. (HM1096 .S13 2003)

Seifert, Ruth. "Gender and the Military: An Outline of Theoretical Debates." In Armed Forces and International Security: Global Trends and Issues, eds. Jean Callaghan and Franz Kernic, 209-216. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2003. (U21.5 .A74 2003)

Sherrow, Victoria. Women and the Military: An Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 1996. 381pp. (U21.75 .S54 1996)

Simon, Rita James, ed. Women in the Military. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2001. 199pp. (UB418 .W65W672 2001)

Simutis, Zita M., et al. Women in the U.S. Army: An Annotated Bibliography. Alexandria: Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, 13 May 2002. Available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA402416>. Internet.

Soderbergh, Peter A. Women Marines in the Korean War Era. Westport: Praeger, 1994. 167pp. (DS920.5 .M37S66 1994)

Soderbergh, Peter A. Women Marines: The World War II Era. Westport: Praeger, 1992. 189pp. (D769.369 .S63 1992)

Sowell, Maureen R. Women: Their Fight to Fight. Thesis. Dominquez Hills: California State University, 1996. 70pp. (UB418 .W65S59 1996)

Stiehm, Judith Hicks. "Women, Peacekeeping and Peacemaking: Gender Balance and Mainstreaming." In Women and International Peacekeeping, eds. Louise Olsson, and Torunn L. Tryggestad, 39-48. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2001. (JZ5578 . W55 2001)

U.S. Army Women’s Museum – Fort Lee, Virginia. "Fact Sheet: Active Duty Army Women’s Strength Figures 1991, 1998, 2000." Available from < http://www.awm.lee.army.mil/active_strength.htm>. Internet.

The United States Army Military District of Washington. Prominent Women Buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Available from <http://www.mdw.army.mil/fs-p16.htm>. Internet.

Yellin, Emily. Our Mothers’ War: American Women at Home and at the Front during World War II. New York: Free Press, 2004. 447pp. (D810 .W7Y24 2004)

Warrant Officers Heritage Foundation. History of Women Warrant Officers. Available from <http://www.usawoa.org/woheritage/Hist_Women_WO.htm>. Internet.

Whaley, Gary L. "Toward an Integrative Model of Sexual Harassment: An Examination of Power, Attitudes, Gender/Role Match, and Some Interactions." In Managing Diversity in the Military: Research Perspectives from the Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute, eds., Mickey R. Dansby, James B. Stewart, and Schuyler C. Webb, 373-388. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2001. (UB417 .M35 2001)

Zeiger, Susan. In Uncle Sam’s Service: Women Workers with the American Expeditionary Force, 1917-1919. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004. 211pp. (D639 .W7Z45 2004)

Periodical Articles

Alvarez, Steven. "African American Reservists Play Vital Role in Gulf War." Army Reserve Magazine 47 (Summer 2001): 27-28.

Alvarez, Steven. "Army Reserve Women Weather ‘the Storm’." Army Reserve Magazine 47 (Summer 2001): 26-27.

Baldauf, Scott. "In Taliban Territory, GI Janes Give Afghans a Different View." Christian Science Monitor, 4 November 2003, p. 1. Database on-line. Available from LexisNexis Academic.

Belkin, Aaron. "Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell: Is the Gay Ban Based on Military Necessity?" Parameters 33 (Summer 2003): 108-119.

Blankenship, Janie. "Women Change Face of Military." VFW: Veterans of Foreign Wars 91 (March 2004): 12-15.

Bogle, Lori Lyn. "Women at Sea: ‘It’s All about Leadership’." Proceedings: U.S. Naval Institute 130 (March 2004): 93-96.

Brownlee, Les. "The Service and Sacrifice of the American Soldier." Army (October 2004): 15-19.

Callander, Bruce D. "The WASPs (Women Air Force Service Pilots)." Air Force Magazine 84 (April 2001): 68-72.

Carter, Phillip. "War Dames: American Female Soldiers to Fight in Iraq." The Washington Monthly 34 (December 2002): 32-37.

Chavez, Margarette. "Women Marine Band." Leatherneck 86 (February 2003): 44-48.

Coker, Christopher. "Humanising Warfare, or Why Van Creveld May Be Missing the ‘Big Picture’." Millennium Journal of International Studies 29, no. 2 (2000): 449-460.

Dandeker, Christopher. "On the Need to Be Different: Military Uniqueness and Civil-Military Relations in Modern Society." RUSI Journal 146 (June 2001): 4-9.

Dyhouse, Tim. "Women in Combat Arms De-Emphasized." VFW: Veterans of Foreign Wars 89 (May 2002): 10-11.

Elshtain, Jean B. "‘Shooting’ at the Wrong Target: A Response to Van Creveld." Millennium Journal of International Studies 29, no. 2 (2000): 443-448.

Fears, Darryl. "Military Families Mourn Daughters: 20 Female Service Members Have Been Killed in Iraq." The Washington Post, 26 May 2004, sec. A, p. 1. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest.

Ford, W.G. "Women Marines Celebrate 60 Years of Honor, Courage and Commitment." Leatherneck 86 (June 2003): 54-56.

Gat, Azar. "Female Participation in War: Bio-Cultural Interactions." Journal of Strategic Studies 23 (December 2000): 21-31.

Graf, Mercedes H. "Women Nurses in the Spanish-American War." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 19 (Spring 2001): 3-38.

Graf, Mercedes H. "Women Physicians in the Spanish-American War." Army History 56 (Fall 2002): 4-15+.

Grant, Rebecca. "The Quiet Pioneers." Air Force Magazine 85 (December 2002): 34-38.

Kennedy-Pipe, Caroline. "Women and the Military." Journal of Strategic Studies 23 (December 2000): 32-50.

Listman, John W., Jr. "Sisters in Arms." National Guard 56 (March-April 2002): 88-91.

Neumayr, George. "Equality Equals Death." Commentary. The American Spectator 37 (July-August 2004): 50-51.

Pershing, Jana L. "Gender Disparities in Enforcing the Honor Concept at the U.S. Naval Academy." Armed Forces & Society 27 (Spring 2001): 419-442.

Pullen, Randy. "Breaking through to Lead the Way: Women in the Army Reserves." Army Reserve Magazine 45 (Spring 2000): 6-7.

Quester, Aline O., and Curtis L. Gilroy. "Women and Minorities in America’s Volunteer Military." Contemporary Economic Policy 20 (April 2002): 111-121. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest.

Rosen, Leora N, Kathryn H. Knudson, and Peggy Fancher. "Cohesion and the Culture of Hypermasculinity in U.S. Army Units." Armed Forces & Society 29 (Spring 2003): 325-351.

Scarborough, Sheila A. "When Mom Wears Steel-Toed Boots." Proceedings: U.S. Naval Institute 128 (February 2002): 36-40.

Schultz, Edna Hill. "‘Free a Marine to Fight’." Naval History 17 (February 2003): 46-49.

Sherman, Janann. "‘They Either Need These Women or They Do Not’: Margaret Chase Smith and the Fight for Regular Status for Women in the Military." Journal of Military History 54 (January 1990): 47-78.

Snyder, Colleen. "At Military Academies, a Coed Esprit de Corps." The Washington Post, 28 February 2002, sec. C, p. 10. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest.

Snyder, R. Claire. "The Citizen-Soldier Tradition and Gender Integration of the U.S. Military." Armed Forces & Society 29 (Winter 2003): 185-204.

Stern, Seth. "Who Would Fight: A Diverse Military: Changes in the Army since the Gulf War Include More Latinos, Muslims, and Women." Christian Science Monitor, 18 March 2003, p. 2. Database on-line. Available from LexisNexis Academic.

Stevens, Gwendolyn. "Male Privilege, Male Fear: Influences on the Intersection of Gender and Leadership." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 15 (Fall-Winter 1997): 17-29.

Stiehm, Judith Hicks. "Army Opinions about Women in the Army." Gender Issues 16 (Summer 1998): 88-98. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest.

Stuller, Jay. "Sister Soldiers." The American Legion 151 (September 2001): 34-37.

Toktas, Sule. "Nationalism, Militarism and Gender Politics: Women in the Military." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 20 (Summer 2002): 29-44.

Van Ceveld, Martin. "Less Than We Can Be: Men, Women and the Modern Military." Journal of Strategic Studies 23 (December 2000): 1-20.

Audiovisuals

American Experience. War Letters. Produced and directed by Robert Kenner; written by Robert Kenner and Paul Taylor. This is the "…story of American wars from the viewpoint of the men and women on the frontlines and those who waited at home." Burbank, CA: PBS Home Video, 2002. 60 min. (DVDs E181 .W271 2002)

Politics and Warriors: Women in the Military. Seattle: Whidbey Films; Alexandria: PBS Home Video, 1999. 57 min. (Videos UB418 .W65P65 1999)

 

POLICY AND RELATED DOCUMENTS

Books, Documents, and Internet Resources

Aspin, Les, Secretary of Defense. "Subject: Policy on the Assignment of Women in the Armed Forces." Memorandum for Secretaries of the Military Departments, Washington, DC. 28 April 1993. Available from <http://www.chinfo.navy.mil/navpalib/people/women/memo1993.txt>. Internet.

Center for Military Readiness. "The Center for Military Readiness is an independent, non-partisan … educational organization formed to take a leadership role in promoting sound military personnel policies in the armed forces." Available from <http://cmrlink.org/HMilitary.asp?DocID=229>. Internet.

Center for Military Readiness. Issues: Recruiting/The Draft: Court Dismisses Lawsuit to Include Women in Draft Registration. "A lawsuit intended to impose Selective Service obligations on young women has been dismissed by the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts." 4 September 2003. Available from <http://cmrlink.org/recruit.asp?DocID=212>. Internet.

Center for Military Readiness. Issues: Women in Combat: Bush Administration Upholds Law and Regulations Exempting Women from Land Combat. 31 May 2002. Available from

<http://cmrlink.org/WomenInCombat.asp?docID=154>. Internet.

Committee on Women in the NATO Forces (CWINF). Women & Armed Forces: NATO Military Women Committee’s Conference. "The CWINF is a consultative body, which advises the NATO leadership and member nations on critical issues affecting women in the NATO Forces." Available from <http://www.analisidifesa.it/numero8/eng/donnanatoeng.htm>. Internet.

Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services. DACOWITS 2003 Report. Washington: Defense Department Advisory Committee on Women in the Services, 21 November 2003. 84pp. (UB418 .W65D11 2003) Also available from <http://www.dtic.mil/dacowits/annual_reports/DACOWITS2003Report.pdf>.

Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services. DACOWITS Charter. Filing date 17 April 2002; Charter amended 15 October 2002 and 23 December 2002. Available from <http://www.dtic.mil/dacowits/tablecharter_subpage.html>. Internet.

Defense Department Advisory Committee on Women in the Services. The Committee, established in 1951, "… is composed of civilian women and men who are appointed by the Secretary of Defense to provide advice and recommendations on matters and policies relating to the recruitment and retention, treatment, employment, integration, and well-being of highly qualified professional women in the Armed Forces". Available from <http://www.dtic.mil/dacowits/tableabout_subpage.html>. Internet.

DeLeon, Rudy. Report on the Responses of the Armed Services to the Federal Advisory Committee on Gender-Integrated Training and Related Issues and Additional Direction by the Secretary of Defense. Washington: Undersecretary of Defense, 1 May 1998. 17pp. (U408 .D24 1998)

Gerhart, Ann. "Saudi Dress Code for Female Troops Revised: Pentagon No Longer Requires Women Leaving Base to Wear Gowns." Policies were revised to reflect that "… wear of the abaya in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is not mandatory." The Washington Post, 23 January 2002, sec. A, p. 9. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest.

Johnson, Lyndon B. Gender Discrimination in the Federal Government: Executive Order (EO) 11375. EO11375 was signed in October 1967, adding gender to the list of prohibited forms of discrimination in the Federal Government. Available from <http://oaac.co.la.ca.us/Evolution.shtml>. Internet.

Lipari, Rachel N., and Anita R. Lancaster. Armed Forces 2002 Sexual Harassment Survey. Arlington: Defense Manpower Data Center, November 2003. Available from <http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Feb2004/d20040227shs1.pdf>. Internet.

Office of the Under Secretary of Defense, Personnel and Readiness. Population Representation in the Military Services: Fiscal Year 2002. Available from <http://www.humrro.org/poprep2002/>. Internet.

Report Concerning the Assessment of USAF Sexual Assault Prevention and Response. Washington: Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Manpower and Reserve Affairs), August 2004. 96pp. (HV6592 .R26 2004)

Report of the Panel to Review Sexual Misconduct Allegations at the U.S. Air Force Academy. The Panel was mandated by Congress to review allegations of sexual assault at the Academy. 22 September 2003. Available from <http://www.usafa.af.mil/d20030922usafareport1.pdf>. Internet.

Scarville, Jacquelyn, et al. Armed Forces Equal Opportunity Survey. Arlington: Defense Manpower Data Center; Fort Belvoir: Defense Technical Information Center, 1999. 264pp. (UB417 .A76 1999) Also available from <http://www.defenselink.mil/prhome/eo96index.html>.

Special Inspection of Initial Entry Training Equal Opportunity/Sexual Harassment Policies and Procedures, December 1996-April 1997. Washington: U.S. Department of the Army, Office of the Inspector General, 22 July 1997. 1 vol. (UA24 .A7 1997)

U.S. Department of Defense. Department of Defense Active Duty Military Personnel by Rank/Grade: 30 September 2003 (Females Only). Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, Statistical Information Analysis Division. Available from <http://www.dior.whs.mil/mmid/military/rg0309f.pdf>. Internet.

U.S. Department of Defense. Department of Defense Active Duty Military Personnel by Rank/Grade: 30 September 2002 (Women). Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, Statistical Information Analysis Division. Available from <http://www.dior.whs.mil/mmid/military/Rg0209f.pdf>. Internet.

U.S. Department of Defense. Military Personnel Historical Reports: Women Active Duty Military Personnel: 30 September 1994 - 30 September 2001. Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, Statistical Information Analysis Division. Available from <http://www.dior.whs.mil/mmid/military/history/tab910hist.htm>. Internet.

U.S. Department of Defense. Report on the Status of Female Members of the Armed Forces: Report to Congress. Prepared by the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense, Personnel and Readiness. Washington: Department of Defense, June 2004. 22pp. (UB418 .W65U53 2004) Also available from <http://www.dtic.mil/dacowits/agendadoc/FY03StatusFemalesMilitary.pdf>.

U.S. Department of Defense. Task Force Report on Care for Victims of Sexual Assault. The Task Force was directed by Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld to "… review how the Department handles treatment of and care for victims of sexual assault, with particular attention to any special issues that may arise from the circumstances of a combat theater." Washington: Department of Defense, April 2004. 99pp. (HV6592 .T17 2004) Also available from <http://www.dod.gov/ news/May2004/d20040513SATFReport.pdf>.

U.S. Department of the Army. The Acting Secretary of the Army’s Task Force Report on Sexual Assault Policies. 27 May 2004. Available from <http://www.dtic.mil/dacowits/reports/sex_asslt_polcy.pdf>. Internet.

U.S. Department of the Army. Army Policy for the Assignment of Female Soldiers. Army Regulation 600-13. Washington: U.S. Department of the Army, 27 March 1992. Also available from <http://www.army.mil/usapa/epubs/pdf/r600_13.pdf>.

U.S. Department of the Army. Deputy Chief of Staff, Army G-1. Human Resources Individual Readiness Policy: Women in the Army. Available from <http://www.armyg1.army.mil/hr/women/women-army.doc>. Internet.

U.S. General Accounting Office. Gender Issues: Information on DOD’s Assignment Policy and Direct Ground Combat Definition: Report to the Ranking Minority Member, Subcommittee on Readiness, Committee on Armed Services, U.S. Senate. Washington: The Office, 1998. 21pp. (UB418 .W65U535 1998) Also available from<http://www.gao.gov/archive/1999/ns99007.pdf>.

U.S. General Accounting Office. Military Personnel: Oversight Process Needed to Help Maintain Momentum of DOD’s Strategic Human Capital Planning: Report to the Secretary of Defense. December 2002. Available from <http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d03237.pdf>. Internet.

U.S. General Accounting Office. Women in the Military: Deployment in the Persian Gulf War: Report to the Secretary of Defense. Washington: The Office, 1993. 58pp. (UB418 .W65U56 1993)

U.S. Presidential Commission on the Assignment of Women in the Armed Forces. Women in Combat: Report to the President. Washington: Brassey’s, 1993. 1 vol. (UB4418 .W65U58 1993)

United States: Uniform Discrimination: The "Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell" Policy of the U.S. Military. New York: Human Rights Watch, 2003. 54pp. (JC585 .H856 v. 15 no. 1)

FAMILY AND CAREER

Books, Documents, and Internet Resources

Adams, Kerry G. Dual Army Couples and Their Impact on Readiness. Military Studies Program Paper. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 1990. 44pp. (AD-A220-587)

DiSilverio, Laura A.H. Winning the Retention Wars: The Air Force, Women Officers, and the Need for Transformation. Maxwell Air Force Base, AL: Air University Press, 2003. 87pp. Available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424385>. Internet.

Ender, Morten G., ed. Military Brats and Other Global Nomads: Growing up in Organization Families. Westport: Praeger, 2002. 266pp. (UB400 .M34 2002)

Fort Des Moines Memorial Park & Education Center. The Center honors the Army’s "… first officer candidate class for African American men in 1917, and the establishment of the first Women’s Army Auxillary Corps (WAAC’s) in 1942". Available from <http://www.fortdesmoines.org/>. Internet.

Harrell, Margaret C. Invisible Women: Junior Enlisted Army Wives. Santa Monica: Rand, 2000. 116pp. (U766 .H37 2000)

Harrell, Margaret C., et al. The Status of Gender Integration in the Military: Analysis of Selected Occupations. Santa Monica: Rand, 2002. 139pp. (UB418 .W65S73 2002)

Hewlett, Sylvia Ann. Creating a Life: Professional Women and the Quest for Children. New York: Talk Miramax Books, 2002. 334pp. (HQ759.48 .H28 2002)

Hosek, Susan D., et al. Minority and Gender Differences in Officer Career Progression. Santa Monica: Rand, 2001. 185pp. (UB417 .M55 2001) Also available from <http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MR1184/>.

Janda, Lance. Stronger Than Custom: West Point and the Admission of Women. Westport: Praeger, 2002. 226pp. (U410 .Q1J15 2002)

Leyva, Meredith. Married to the Military: A Survival Guide for Military Wives, Girlfriends, and Women in Uniform. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2003. 200pp. (U766 .L49 2003)

Manning, Lory, et al. Women Veterans’ Employment. Washington: Women’s Research & Education Institute, 2001. 78pp. (UB357 .W65 2001)

Martin, James A., Leora N. Rosen, and Linette R. Sparacino, eds. The Military Family: A Practice Guide for Human Service Providers. Westport: Praeger, 2000. 282pp. (UB403 .M54 2000)

McGlohn, et al. Female United States Air Force (USAF) Pilots: Themes, Challenges, and Possible Solutions. Reprinted from Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, vol. 68, February 1997. Brooks Air Force Base, TX: Armstrong Laboratory, Aerospace Medicine Directorate, 1997. 1 vol. (UG834 .W65M23 1997)

Moelker, Rene, and Irene Van Der Kloet. "Military Families and the Armed Forces." In Handbook of the Sociology of the Military, ed. Guiseppe Caforio, 201-223. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 2003. (U21.5 .H36 2003)

Moore, Brenda L., and Schuyler C. Webb. "Equal Opportunity in the U.S. Navy: Perceptions of Active-Duty African American Women." In Women in the Military, Rita James Simon, ed., 83-102. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2001. (UB418 .W65W672 2001)

Riedel, Robert G. Does Reported Discrimination in the Military Impact Organizational Factors Differently for Gender, Race, and Rank. Patrick Air Force Base, FL: Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute, 1998. 1 vol. (UB417 .D26 98-10)

Sackett, Paul, and Anne Mavor, eds. Attitudes, Aptitudes, and Aspirations of American Youth: Implications for Military Recruiting. Washington: National Academy Press, 2002. 1 vol. (UB323 .A775 2002) Also available from <http://bob.nap.edu/books/0309085314/html/>.

Segal, Mady Wechsler, and David R. Segal. "Implications for Military Families of Changes in the Armed Forces of the United States." In Handbook of the Sociology of the Military, ed. Guiseppe Caforio, 225-233. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 2003. (U21.5 .H36 2003)

Shinseki, Eric K. The Army Family: A White Paper. Washington: Center of Military History, 2003. 60pp. (U403 .S45 2003)

Strum, Philippa. Women in the Barracks: The VMI Case and Equal Rights. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2002. 417pp. (KF228 .U5S77 2002)

Thie, Harry J., Margaret C. Harrell, and Marc Thibault. Officer Sabbaticals: Analysis of Extended Leave Options. Santa Monica: Rand, 2003. 74pp. (UB413 .T33 2003) Also available from <http://www.rand.org/publications/MR/MRI=1752/MR1752.pdf>.

U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command. Family Readiness: Techniques and Procedures on Family Support Initiatives. Fort Leavenworth, KS: Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL), 2001. 1 vol. (U408.3 .C24 01-03)

U.S. Department of Defense. Career Progression of Minority and Women Officers. Washington: Office of the Under Secretary of Defense Personnel and Readiness, 1999. 116pp. Available from <http://www.dod.mil/prhome/careerprog.pdf>. Internet.

U.S. Department of Defense. A New Social Compact: A Reciprocal Partnership between the Department of Defense, Service Members, and Families. It "… implements the President’s directive to review measures for improving quality of life for military personnel." Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Military Community and Family Policy). July 2002. Available from <http://www.mfrc-dodqol.org/socialcompact/content.htm>. Internet.

U.S. General Accounting Office. Military Personnel: Active Duty Benefits Reflect Changing Demographics, but Opportunities Exist to Improve: Report to the Subcommittee on Personnel, Committee on Armed Services, U.S. Senate. September 2002. Available from <http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02935.pdf>. Internet.

Westwood, John, and Hughes Turner. Marriage and Children as Impediments to Career Progression of Active Duty Career Women Army Officers. Senior Service College Fellowship Paper. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College; Cambridge: Harvard University, 1996. 51pp. (AD-A311-198) Also available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA311198>.

Periodical Articles

"Army Careers." This article highlights new career categories and specialties that are evolving as the Army transforms. Soldiers 59 (January 2004): 22.

Baldwin, J. Norman. "Early Promotions of Women and Minorities in the United States Air Force." Journal of Political and Military Sociology 28 (Summer 2000): 109-130.

Becker, Elizabeth. "Women in Military Say Silence on Harassment Protects Careers." New York Times, 12 May 2000, sec. A, p. 1. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest.

Cieslarczyk, Marian, Stanislaw Jarmoszko, and Miroslawa Marciniuk. "On the Back of the Third Wave or, the Woman’s Way to a Military Career." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 17 (Fall-Winter 1999): 26-38.

Cooney, Richard T., Jr., et al. "Racial Differences in the Impact of Military Service on the Socioeconomic Status of Women Veterans." Armed Forces & Society 30 (Fall 2003): 53-85.

Coppola, M. Nicholas, and Kevin G. LaFrance. "The Female Infantryman: A Possibility?" Military Review 82 (November-December 2002): 61-66.

Gandy, Bruce A. "A Commander’s Perspective on Equal Opportunity." Marine Corps Gazette 86 (October 2002): 17-19.

Gill, Julie K., Daniel B. Bozung, and Rodney G. Tomlinson. "Male Midshipmen Attitudes toward Women, 1976-1996." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 15 (Fall-Winter 1997): 117-126.

Graf, Mercedes. "With High Hopes: Women Contract Surgeons in World War I." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 20 (Summer 2002): 16-28.

Kunz, Christine L. "A Time for Healing: Air Force Academy Leadership and Cadets Look toward the Future." Airman 48 (March 2004): 22-29.

McGee, Michael L. "Leveraging Gender Differences in Executive-Level Leaders: A Woman’s Road Map to Competitive Advantage." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 15 (Fall-Winter 1997): 31-46.

Moore, Brenda L. "The Propensity of Junior Enlisted Personnel to Remain in Today’s Military." Armed Forces & Society 28 (Winter 2002): 257-278.

Priest, Dana. "A Male Prototype for Generals’ Proteges: In Choosing Aides de Camp, Army’s Leaders Nearly Always Exclude Female Officers." The Slow March: Women in the Army Series. The Washington Post, 29 December 1997, sec. A, p. 1. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest.

Priest, Dana. "A Trench between Women, Jobs; Opening of Combat-Related Fields Brings Few Gains for Female Soldiers." The Slow March: Women in the Army Series. The Washington Post 8 December 1997, sec. A, p. 1. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest.

Ruger, William, Sven E. Wilson, and Shawn L. Waddoups. "Warfare and Welfare: Military Service, Combat, and Marital Dissolution." Armed Forces & Society 29 (Fall 2002): 85-107.

Tomko, T. Shane. "Female Marines and the Male Ego." Marine Corps Gazette 85 (February 2001): 39-41.

Watkins, Gayle L., and Mary C. Bourg "The Effects of Gender on Cadet Selection for Leadership Positions at the United States Military Academy." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 15 (Fall-Winter 1997): 63-81.

Wingrove-Haugland, Erik. "How Can Male Leaders Promote Sexual Equality in Military Academies?" Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 15 (Fall-Winter 1997): 47-62.

 

COMBAT, TRAINING, AND READINESS

Books, Documents, and Internet Resources

Bell, Nicole S., et al. High Injury Rates among Female Army Trainees: A Function of Gender? Natick, MA: Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, 1994. 23pp. Available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA305073>. Internet.

Bucher, Merideth A. The Impact of Pregnancy on U.S. Army Readiness. Research report. Maxwell Air Force Base, AL: Air University, Air Command and Staff College, 1999. 36pp. Available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA305073>. Internet.

Congressional Commission on Military Training and Gender-Related Issues: Final Report: Transcripts and Legal Consultants’ Reports. Vol. 2. July 1999. Available from <http://armedservices.house.gov/Publications/106thCongress/volume2.pdf>. Internet.

Center for Military Readiness. Issues: Co-Ed Basic Training: CMR Compiles Definitive Summary of Findings on Co-Ed Basic Training. 3 September 2003. Available from <http://cmrlink.org/coedTraining.asp?docID=206>. Internet.

Center for Military Readiness. Issues: Women in Combat: Enlisted Women Opposed to Combat Assignments. 3 September 2003. Available from <http://cmrlink.org/WomenInCombat.asp?docID=204>. Internet.

Center for Military Readiness. Issues: Women in Combat: Jessica Lynch Reality Shatters Amazon Myth. The article was published in the San Diego Union-Tribune, Insight section, on 1 December 2003. Updated 4 December 2004. Available from <http://cmrlink.org/WomenInCombat.asp?docID=219>. Internet.

Culler, Kristen W. The Decision to Allow Military Women into Combat Positions: A Study in Policy and Politics. Thesis. Monterey: Naval Postgraduate School, 2000. Available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA379603>. Internet.

Dansby, Mickey R., and Dan Landis. "Intercultural Training in the United States Military." In Managing Diversity in the Military: Research Perspectives from the Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute, eds., Mickey R. Dansby, James B. Stewart, and Schuyler C. Webb, 9-28. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2001. (UB417 .M35 2001)

Fenner, Lorry M., and Marie E. de Young. Women in Combat: Civic Duty or Military Liability? Washington: Georgetown University Press, 2001. 207pp. (UB418 .W65F458 2001)

Fulton, Christopher T. Field Artillery (Wo)Men: Time for a Relook? Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2003. 24pp. (AD-A420-057) Also available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA420047>.

Gibson, Owen. Breaking the Mold: Issue Redefinition and Policy Change Concerning Women in Combat. Thesis. Auburn, AL: Auburn University, 1996. 267pp. (UB418 .W65G31 1996)

Goldman, Nancy Loring, ed. Female Soldiers – Combatants or Noncombatants?: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1982. 307pp. (UB416 .F45)

Greene, Everett L., and Amy L. Culbertson. "Officer Fitness Report Ratings: Using Quantitative and Qualitative Methods to Examine Potential Bias." In Managing Diversity in the Military: Research Perspectives from the Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute, eds., Mickey R. Dansby, James B. Stewart, and Schuyler C. Webb, 265-276. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2001. (UB417 .M35 2001)

Havron, Stephenie, comp. Women in Combat: Iraqi Freedom. Bibliography. Maxwell Air Force Base, AL: Air University Library, 2003. Available from <http://www.au.af.mil/au/aul/bibs/iraq/wiraq.htm>. Internet.

Institute of Medicine. Assessing Readiness in Military Women: The Relationship of Body Composition, Nutrition, and Health. Washington: National Academy Press, 1998. 352pp. (UB418 .W65I54 1998)

King, Charles A. The Trivialization of Gender and Its Impact on Combat Effectiveness. Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2000. 32pp. (AD-A377-683)

Monahan, Evelyn M., and Rosemary Neidel-Greenlee. And if I Perish: Frontline U.S. Army Nurses in World War II. New York: Knopf, 2003. 514pp. (D807 .U6M66 2003)

Moore, Brenda L. "Women Assigned to Combat Units: Perceptions of the Military Equal Opportunity Climate." In Managing Diversity in the Military: Research Perspectives from the Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute, eds., Mickey R. Dansby, James B. Stewart, and Schuyler C. Webb, 351-372. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2001. (UB417 .M35 2001)

O’Neill, William L. "Women and Readiness." In Women in the Military, ed. Rita James Simon, 171-195. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2001. (UB418 .W65W672 2001)

Porter, Laurie M., and Rick V. Adside. Women in Combat: Attitudes and Experiences of U.S. Military Officers and Enlisted Personnel. Thesis. Monterey: Naval Postgraduate School, December 2001. Available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA401535>. Internet.

Rand. Military Readiness: Women Are Not a Problem. Rand Research Brief. 1997. Available from <http://www.rand.org/publications/RB/RB7515/>. Internet.

U.S. Department of the Army. U.S. Army Fitness Training Handbook. Guilford, CT: Lyons Press, 2003. 264pp. (U323 .U8 2003)

Van Creveld, Martin. Men, Women and War. London: Cassell, 2001. 287pp. (UB416 .V15 2001)

 

Periodical Articles

Anderson, Nancy P. "Up to the Challenge – Women’s Training in Today’s Marine Corps." Leatherneck 85 (February 2002): 32-35.

Book, Elizabeth G. "Military Women: 200,000 and Counting: Controversies Linger on Issues Such as Gender-Integrated Training and Sea-Duty." National Defense 86 (October 2001): 14-15.

Brennan, Terrence P. "Putting Politics before Military Readiness." Marine Corps Gazette 78 (December 1994): 52-53.

Brower, J. Michael. "A Case for Women Warfighters." Military Review 82 (November-December 2002): 61-66.

Brower, J. Michael. "Viewpoint: De Facto Women Warriors: End Combat Exclusions." Armed Forces Journal 141 (August 2003): 8.

Critser, Reeba. "On the Frontline: Two from Massachusetts Guard among Female MPs Patrolling with the Infantry in Afghanistan." National Guard 56 (November 2002): 26.

Donnelly, Elaine. "The Credibility Crisis." Proceedings: U.S. Naval Institute 126 (August 2000): 42-46.

Field, Kim, and John Nagl. "Combat Roles for Women: A Modest Proposal." Parameters 31 (Summer 2001): 74-88.

Finch, Mimi. "Women In Combat: One Commissioner Reports." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 12 (Spring 1994): 1-12.

Gratch, Jonathan, and Stacy Marsella. "Fight the Way You Train: The Role and Limits of Emotions in Training for Combat." Brown Journal of World Affairs 9 (Summer-Fall 2003): 63-75.

Knapik, Joseph J., Marilyn A. Sharp, and Michelle Canham-Chervak. "Risk Factors for Training-Related Injuries among Men and Women in Basic Combat Training." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 33 (June 2001): 946-954.

Kraemer, William J., Scott A. Mazzetti, and Bradley C. Nindl. "Effect of Resistance Training on Women’s Strength/Power and Occupational Performances." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 33 (June 2001): 1011-1025.

Lancaster, John. "Aspin Eases Combat Policy; Goal Is to Expand Opportunities for Women." The Washington Post, 13 January 1994, sec. A, p. 1. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest.

Nolan, Mary I. "The Right Time and Place: Eisenhower's Historic Mixed-Gender Deployment." Sea Power 37 (October 1994): 41-42.

O’Beirne, Kate. "An Army of Jessicas: About Women in Combat: Let’s Fight. Hard." National Review 55 (19 May 2003): 40-42.

Peach, Lucinda J. "Women At War: The Ethics of Women in Combat." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 11 (Winter 1994): 1-64.

Priest, Dana. "In a Crunch, Ban on Women Bends: Female Soldiers Assume Combat Support as Front Line Blurs." The Slow March: Women in the Army Series, no. 3 of 3. The Washington Post, 30 December 1997, sec. A, p. 1. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest.

Sherman, Julie W. "Combat Duty for Women? One Woman’s Point of View." Marine Corps Gazette 85 (February 2001): 41-42.

Simons, Anna. "Women in Combat Units: It’s Still a Bad Idea." Parameters 31 (Summer 2001): 89-100.

Smith, Robert Barr. "Wellington’s Camp Followers." Military History 20 (June 2003): 34-40+.

Stewart, James B., and Juanita M. Firestone. "Looking for a Few Good Men: Predicting Patterns of Retention, Promotion, and Accession of Minority and Women Officers." The American Journal of Economics and Sociology 51 (October 1992): 435-458.

Walker, J.B. "Equal to the Task: Fourth Recruit Training Battalion Prepares Women for Success." Leatherneck 84 (February 2001): 16-23.

Wojack, Adam N. "Integrating Women into the Infantry." Military Review 82 (November-December 2002): 67-74.

Yard, Cody J. "Gender-Integrated Training at the School of Infantry." Leatherneck 87 (February 2004): 24-25.

 

HEALTH AND FITNESS

Books, Documents, and Internet Resources

Barko, William F., and Mark A. Vaitkus, eds. The U.S. Army War College Guide to Executive Health and Fitness. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Army Physical Fitness Research Institute, 2000. 190pp. (U413 .P55U7 2000)

Bray, Robert, et al. Health Status of Military Women in the Total Force. Research Triangle Park, NC: Research Triangle Institute, 2001. 1 vol. (RA407.3 .B72 2001)

Campbell, Jacquelyn C. Identification of Abuse and Health Consequences for Military and Civilian Women. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, April 2001. 78pp. Available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA400435>. Internet.

Costello, Rebecca, and Bernadette M. Marriott. Nutrient Requirements, Body Composition, and Health of Military Women. Washington: National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine, 1996. 14pp. (UB418 .W65C57 1996)

Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services. "Women’s Health Care Issues." In DACOWITS 2003 Report, 31-41. Washington: Defense Department Advisory Committee on Women in the Services, 21 November 2003. 84pp. (UB418 .W65D11 2003) Also available from <http://www.dtic.mil/dacowits/annual_reports/DACOWITS2003Report.pdf>.

Goldstein, Joshua S. ""Bodies: The Biology of Individual Gender." In War and Gender: How Gender Shapes the War System and Vice Versa, 128-250. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. (U21.5 .G65 2001)

Injury to Women in the Military. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1998. 1 vol. (UB418 .W65I55 1998)

Institute of Medicine. Assessing Readiness in Military Women: The Relationship of Body Composition, Nutrition, and Health. Washington: National Academy Press, 1998. 352pp. (UB418 .W65I54 1998)

Institute of Medicine. Reducing Stress Fracture In Physically Active Military Women. Washington: National Academy Press, 1998. 117pp. (RD104 .S77I56 1998)

Perkins, Teresa C., and Sherri U. Blackwell. Accommodation and Occupational Safety for Pregnant Military Personnel. Final Report, September 1996-October 1998. Dayton: Sytronics, October 1998. Available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA364792>. Internet.

Poehlman, Eric T., and Andrew W. Gardner. Effects of Endurance and Resistance Training on Cardiovascular Risk in Military Eligible Women. Baltimore: Maryland University, October 2000. <Available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA391284>. Internet.

Robbins, Anthony S., et al. Availability, Accessibility, and Adequacy of Health Care Provided to USAF Active Duty Women in Theater during Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm. Final Report, 9 January-30 - September 1995. Brooks Air Force Base, TX, October 1995. Available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA303182>. Internet.

Sato, P.A., et al. Reproductive Outcomes among Female Gulf War Era U.S. Military Veterans: No Evidence of Increased Morbidity. San Diego: Naval Health Research Center, 2000. Available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA419370>. Internet.

Sherwood, Timothy M. The Culture of Fitness and Nutrition in the U.S. Army: Can We Do Better? Strategy Research Project. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2004. 18pp. (AD-A424-107) Also available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA424107>.

Thomas, Patricia J., and Zannette A. Uriell. Pregnancy and Single Parenthood in the Navy: Results of a 1997 Survey. San Diego: Navy Personnel Research and Development Center, 1998. 41pp. (VB258 .T35 1998)

U.S. General Accounting Office. Defense Health Care: Health Care Benefits for Women Comparable to Other Plans. Report no. GAO-02-602. Washington: The Office, May 2002. Available from <http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02602.pdf>. Internet.

U.S. General Accounting Office. Gender Issues: Medical Support for Female Soldiers Deployed to Bosnia: Report to the Ranking Minority Member, Subcommittee on Readiness and Management Support, Committee on Armed Services, U.S. Senate. Washington: The Office, 1999. 35pp. (UB418 .W65U537 1999) Also available from<http://www.gao.gov/archive/1999/ns99058.pdf>.

Van Loan, Marta, James A. Hodgdon, and Kathleen Kujawa. Body Composition in Military or Military Eligible Women. Annual report, 28 June 1996 – 30 September 2001. September 2001. Presidio of San Francisco: Western Human Nutrition Research Center, 1998. Available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA353852>. Internet.

Westphal, Kathleen A., et al. Health, Performance, and Nutritional Status of U.S. Army Women during Basic Combat Training. Natick, MA: U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, 1995. 146pp. (UB418 .W65H43 1995a)

Wolf, Jessica, and Susan P. Proctor. Female Gender and Other Potential Predictors of Functional Health Status among Persian Gulf War Veterans (Revised). Boston: Tufts University, 1998. 41pp. (UB418 .W65W654 1998)

Periodical Articles

Bray, Robert M., et al. "The Effects of Stress on Job Functioning of Military Men and Women." Armed Forces & Society 27 (Spring 2001): 397-417.

Brock, J.R., and S.J. Legg. "The Effects of 6 Weeks Training on the Physical Fitness of Female Recruits to the British Army." Ergonomics, 40 March 1997, 12pp. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest.

Cadenhead, Julia T. "Pregnancy on Active Duty: Making the Tough Decisions." Proceedings: U.S. Naval Institute 121 (April 1995): 52-53.

Davidson, Michael J. "Feminine Hormonal Defenses: Premenstrual Syndrome and Postpartum Psychosis." Army Lawyer (July 2000): 5, 15pp.

Federman, E. Belle. "Relationships between Substance Use and Recent Deployments among Women and Men in the Military." Military Psychology 12, no. 3 ( 2000): 205-220.

Gunby, Phil. "Unique Medical Problems of Military Become Part of Intensified Research into Women’s Health." JAMA 274 (27 September 1995): 932-933.

Hasenauer, Heike. "Mothers in Training: Womack Army Medical Center at Fort Bragg, NC, Has Introduced Two Innovative Programs That Are Helping to Ensure the Good Health of Pregnant Soldiers and Their Babies." Soldiers 52 (August 1997): 24-26.

Knapik, Joseph J., Marilyn A. Sharp, and Michelle Canham-Chervak. "Risk Factors for Training-Related Injuries among Men and Women in Basic Combat Training." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 33 (June 2001): 946-954.

Leonhard, Robert R., and Carol W. Leonhard. "Physical Training for the Information Age." Army 47 (November 1997): 6-9.

McAllister, Graham. "JOs (Junior Officers) Can Help Reduce Unplanned Pregnancies." Proceedings: U.S. Naval Institute 128 (July 2002): 81-82.

McTeague, Lisa M., Richard J. McNally, and Brett T. Litz. "Prewar, War-Zone, and Postwar Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress in Female Vietnam Veteran Health Care Providers." Military Psychology 16, no. 2 (2004): 99-114.

Means-Markwell, Melissa, et al. "A Survey of Women’s Health Care Needs on U.S. Navy Ships." Military Medicine 163 (July 1998): 439-443.

Norwood, Ann E. "Health Effects of the Stressors of Extreme Environments on Military Women." Military Medicine 162 (October 1997): 643-648.

Ouimette, Paige, et al. "Use of VA Health Care Services by Women Veterans: Findings from a National Sample." Women & Health, 38, no. 2 ( 2003): 77-91. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest.

Priest, Dana. "Pregnancy Often Causes Tension in Army’s Ranks." The Slow March: Women in the Army Series. The Washington Post, 30 December 1997, sec. A, p. 6. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest.

Rogers, Jennifer. "Nutrition Therapy for Soldiers with Eating Disorders." U.S. Army Medical Department Journal PB8-04-7/8/9 (July-September): 28-33.

Sadler, Georgia C., and Patricia J. Thomas. "Rock the Cradle, Rock the Boat?" Proceedings: U.S. Naval Institute 121 (April 1995): 51-56.

Schoby, Terri E. "When the Bough Breaks: Pregnancy and the Marine Corps." Marine Corps Gazette 78 (December 1994): 53-54.

Spake, Amanda. "Fat, but Soldiering On." U.S. News & World Report 135 (27 October 2003): 70-71.

 

AUTOBIOGRAPHIES AND BIOGRAPHIES

Books, Documents, and Internet Resources

Adams-Ender, Clara L. My Rise to the Stars: How a Sharecropper’s Daughter Became an Army General. Lake Ridge, VA: CAPE Associates, 2001. 247pp. (UB418 .A47A33 2001)

Aiwen, Liu. "Madam Han, Military Advisor, Eastern Jin Dynasty." In Notable Women of China: Shang Dynasty to the Early Twentieth Century, ed. Barbara Bennett Patterson, 150-152. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2000, HQ1767.5 .A3N68 2000)

Apeles, Teena. Women Warriors: Adventures from History’s Greatest Fighters. Emeryville, CA: Seal Press, 2003. 143pp. (CT3203 .A62 2003)

Army Times Publishing. "Jacqueline Cochran, Trailblazer, Barrier Breaker." In A Century of Flight: Military Pioneers Who Made Aviation History, 38-39. Springfield, VA: Army Times, 2003. 55pp. (VG93 .C25 2003)

Binney, Marcus. The Women Who Lived for Danger: Behind Enemy Lines during World War II. New York: Perennial, 2004. 380pp. (D810 .W7B35 2004)

Blanton, DeAnne, and Lauren M. Cook. They Fought Like Demons: Women Soldiers in the American Civil War. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2002. 277pp. (E628 .B53 2002)

Bohrer, Melissa Lukeman. Glory, Passion, and Principle: The Story of Eight Remarkable Women at the Core of the American Revolution. New York: Atria Books, 2003. 271pp. (E276 .B64 2003)

Bragg, Rick. I Am a Soldier, Too: The Jessica Lynch Story. New York: Knopf, 2003. 207pp. (DS79.764 .U6B73 2003)

Chartier, JoAnn, and Chris Enss. She Wore a Yellow Ribbon: Women Soldiers and Patriots of the Western Frontier. Guilford, CT: TwoDot, 2004. 181pp. (F596 .C43 2004)

Crockford, Vanessa A. Ovetta Culp Hobby and Her "Lieutenants": Transformational Leadership in Action in the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps of World War II. Fort Leavenworth, KS: U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, 2003. Available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA416343>. Internet.

Dever, John P., and Maria C. Dever. Women and the Military: Over 100 Notable Contributors, Historic to Contemporary. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 1995. 163pp. (UB416 .D48 1995)

Donnelly, Karen. American Women Pilots of World War II. New York: Rosen Publishing Group, 2004. 112pp. (D790 .D66 2004)

Evertson, Adrienne, and Amy Nesbitt. The Glass Ceiling Effect and Its Impact on Mid-Level Female Officer Career Progression in the United States Marine Corps and Air Force. Thesis. Monterey: Naval Postgraduate School, March 2004. Available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA422296>. Internet.

George, Jackie. She Who Dared: Covert Operations in Northern Ireland with the SAS. London: Leo Cooper, 1999. 180pp. (U262 .G25 1999)

Johnson, LouAnne. Making Waves: A Woman in This Man’s Navy. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1986. 233pp. (V63 .J64A3 1986)

Kennedy, Claudia J. Generally Speaking. New York: Warner Books, 2001. 326pp. (U53 .K455A3 2001)

Kevles, Bettyann Holtzmann. Almost Heaven: The Story of Women in Space. New York: Basic Books, 2003. 274pp. (TL789.85 .A1K28 2003)

Mikaelian, Allen. "Dr. Mary Edwards Walker, Civil War." In Medal of Honor: Profiles of America’s Military Heroes from the Civil War to the Present, 1-18. New York: Hyperion, 2002. (UB433 .M55 2002)

Matthews, Meredith Miller. Mother Wore Combat Boots and Chased Troop Trains: A Young Woman’s Adventure Story as an Army Nurse in World War II. Akron, OH: Grapevine Press, 1998. 173pp. (D807 .U6M38 1998)

Norman, Elizabeth M. Women at War: The Story of Fifty Military Nurses Who Served in Vietnam. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1990. 211pp. (DS557.7 .W6N67 1990).

Ornoff, Anita Bloom. Beyond Dancing: A Veteran’s Struggle: A Woman’s Triumph. Silver Spring, MD: Bartleby Press, 2003. 311pp. (D811.5 .O65 2003)

Pennington, Reina, and Robin Higham, eds. Amazons to Fighter Pilots: A Biographical Dictionary of Military Women. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2003. 2 vols. (Ref U52 .A44 2003)

Steinman, Ron. Women in Vietnam. New York: TV Books, 2000. 271pp. (DS559.8 .W6S74 2000)

Sutherland, Jonathan D. "Cathay Williams (1842-1892?)." In African Americans at War: An Encyclopedia, 514-515. Ms. Williams was the only female Buffalo Soldier. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2004. (UB418 .A47S88 2004)

Tsui, Bonnie. She Went to the Field: Women Soldiers of the Civil War. Guilford, CT: TwoDot, 2003. 149pp. (E628 .T78 2003)

Williams, Kathleen Broome. Grace Hopper: Admiral of the Cyber Sea. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2004. 240pp. (V63 .H66W34 2004)

Wingo, Josette Dermody. Mother Was a Gunner’s Mate: World War II in the Waves. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1994. 234pp. (D769.597 .W568 1994)

Young, Alfred F. Masquerade: The Life and Times of Deborah Sampson, Continental Soldier. New York: Knopf, 2004. 417pp. (E276 .Y68 2004)

Periodical Articles

Bartlett, Sara. "Kady Brownell, a Rhode Island Legend." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 19 (Summer 2001): 39-58.

Buckley, Mary Fran. "She Leads by Example." This article covers the leadership philosophy of MG Alice Astafan. The Officer 79 (June 2003): 12-14.

Donsbach, Margaret. "Celtic War Queen Who Challenged Rome." Military History 21 (April 2004): 50-57.

Graf, Mercedes. "Standing Tall with Sarah Bowman: The Amazon of the Border." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 19 (Fall-Winter 2001): 27-38.

Leonard, Patrick J. "As Private Robert Shurtliff, Deborah Sampson Served 18 Months in the Continental Army." Military History 18 (April 2001): 16-18+.

Pullen, Randy. "A General First for a Nurse." The Officer 78 (March 2002): 43-44.

Williams, Rudi. "Reluctant Pioneer: Maj. Gen. Martha Rainville, the Guard’s First Female Adjutant General." National Guard 55 (April 2001): 26-27.

Audiovisual

Kennedy, Claudia J. Generally Speaking: A Memoir by the First Woman Promoted to Three-Star General in the United States Army. 6 hr. New York: Time Warner AudioBooks, 2001. (Cassettes U53 .K455A31 2001)

INTERNATIONAL ARMED FORCES

Books, Documents, and Internet Resources

Andreas, Carol. "‘It’s Right to Fight’: Women Insurgents in Peru." In Women and War in the Twentieth Century: Enlisted With or Without Consent, ed. Nicole Ann Dombrowski, 312-328. New York: Garland, 1999. (D810 .W7W663 1999)

Cilliers, Jakkie, and Lindy Heinecken. "South Africa: Emerging from a Time Warp: The Role of Women." In The Postmodern Military: Armed Forces after the Cold War, eds. Charles C. Moskos, John Allen Williams, and David R. Segal, 253-255. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. (UA15 .P678 2000)

Cohen, Stuart. Democratic Societies and Their Armed Forces: Israel in Comparative Context. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2000. 294pp. (UA853 .I8D25 2000)

Conze, Susanne, and Beate Fieseler. "Soviet Women as Comrades-in-Army: A Blind Spot in the History of War." In The People’s War: Responses to World War II in the Soviet Union, eds. Robert W. Thurston and Bernd Bonwetsch, 211-234. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2000. (D764 .P45 2000)

Cook, Haruko Taya. "Turning Women into Weapons: Japan’s Women, the Battle of Saipan, and the ‘Nature of the Pacific War’." In Women and War in the Twentieth Century: Enlisted With or Without Consent, ed. Nicole Ann Dombrowski, 240-261. New York: Garland, 1999. (D810 .W7W663 1999)

Downes, Cathy. "Australia and New Zealand: Contingent and Concordant Militaries: Women in the Armed Forces." In The Postmodern Military: Armed Forces after the Cold War, eds. Charles C. Moskos, John Allen Williams, and David R. Segal, 195-198. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. (UA15 .P678 2000)

Haltiner, Karl W., and Eduard Hirt. "Switzerland: Between Tradition and Modernity: Women’s Role." In The Postmodern Military: Armed Forces after the Cold War, eds. Charles C. Moskos, John Allen Williams, and David R. Segal, 217. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. (UA15 .P678 2000)

Jancar-Webster, Barbara. "Women in the Yugoslav National Liberation Movement." In Gender Politics in the Western Balkans: Woman and Society in Yugoslavia and the Yugoslav Successor States, ed. Sabrina P. Ramet, 67-87. University Park: University of Pennsylvania, 1999. (HQ175.5 .G25 1999)

Jewish Virtual Library. "Chen" - The Women’s Corps. Available from <http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Society_&_Culture/womens_corps.html>. Internet.

Kampwirth, Karen. Women & Guerrilla Movements: Nicaragua, El Salvador, Chiapas, Cuba. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2002. 194pp. (HQ1236.5 .L29K36 2002)

Karame, Kari H. "Military Women in Peace Operations: Experiences of the Norwegian Battalion in UNIFIL 1978-98." In Women and International Peacekeeping, eds. Louise Olsson and Torunn L. Tryggestad, 85-96. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2001. (JZ5578 .W55 2001)

Kennedy-Pipe, Carolyn, and Stephen Welch. "Women in the Military: Future Prospects and Ways Ahead." In New People Strategies for the British Armed Forces, eds. Alex Alexandrou, Richard Bartle, and Richard Holmes, 46-69. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2002. (UB155 .G7N48 2002)

Lyons, Tanya. Guns and Guerilla Girls: Women in the Zimbabwean National Liberation Struggle. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2004. 338pp. (DT2988 .L95 2004)

Lyons, Tanya, and Mark Israel. "Women, Resistance, and the Armed Struggle in Southern Africa." In African Identities: Contemporary Political and Social Challenges, eds. Pal Ahulwalia and Abebe Zegeye, 42-50. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2002. (DT349 .A26 2002)

Mophuting, Mpho C. Expanding the Shield and Facing the Challenges: Integration of Women in Botswana Defence Force. This thesis examines the possibility of women joining the BDF. Monterey: Naval Postgraduate School, 2003. Available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA415037>. Internet.

Myers, Beth A. Soviet and American Airwomen during World War II: A Comparison of Their Formation, Treatment and Dismissal. Thesis. Salt Lake City: Utah University, August 2003. Available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA416572>. Internet.

Noakes, Lucy. War and the British: Gender, Memory and National Identity. New York: I.B. Tauris, 1998. 218pp. (DA566.4 .N56 1998)

Pennington, Reina. Wings, Women and War: Soviet Airwomen in World War II Combat. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2001. 304pp. (D792 .S65P46 2001)

Proctor, Tammy M. Female Intelligence: Women and Espionage in the First World War. New York: New York University, 2003. 204pp. (D639 .S7P65 2003)

Shehadeh, Lamia Rustum, ed. "Women in the Lebanese Militias." In Women and War in Lebanon, 145-166. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1999. (HQ1728 .W55 1999)

Sowers, Susan R. Women Combatants in World War I: A Russian Case Study. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, 2003. 70pp. (AD-A414 547) Also available from <http://handle.dtic.mil/100.2/ADA414547>.

Thompson, Elizabeth. "Gender, War, and the Birth of States: Syrian and Lebanese Women’s Mobilization during World War II." In Women and War in the Twentieth Century: Enlisted with or without Consent, ed. Nicole Ann Dombrowski, 266-287. New York: Garland, 1999. (D810 .W7W663 1999)

Van Creveld, Martin. "Women in the Military: Gain or Regression? In Democratic Societies and Their Armed Forces: Israel in Comparative Context, ed. Stuart A. Cohen, 135-149. Portland, OR: Frank Cass, 2000. 294pp. (UA853 .I8D25 2000)

Veale, Angela. From Child Soldier to Ex-Fighter: Female Fighters, Demobilisation and Reintegration in Ethiopia. Pretoria, South Africa: Institute for Security Studies, 2003. 70pp. (JZ4835 .I76 no. 85)

Young, Helen Praeger. Choosing Revolution: Chinese Women Soldiers on the Long March. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2001. 282pp. (DS777.5135 .Y68 2001)

Zedalis, Debra D. Female Suicide Bombers. Carlisle Papers in Security Strategy. Carlisle Barracks: U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 2004. 18pp. (U413 .A66Z22 2004) Also available from <http://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/pdffiles/00373.pdf>.

Periodical Articles

Alison, Miranda. "Cogs in the Wheel? Women in the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam." Examines women’s involvement as combatants in the Sri Lankan guerrilla organization, LTTE. Civil Wars 6 (Winter 2003): 37-54.

Anderson, Irene. "‘Women’s Unarmed Uprising against War’: A Swedish Peace Protest in 1935." Journal of Peace Research 40 (July 2003): 395-412.

Bell, Raymond E., Jr. "Women in the Israeli Defense Force Military Police." Military Police PB19-98-1 (Winter 1998): 36-38.

Bishop, Mac William. "National Defense: Women Take Command." Taiwan Review 54 (January 2004): 30-35.

Bolgar, Judit. "Women in the Hungarian Armed Forces." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 17 (Fall Winter 1999): 92-99.

Brooke, James. "As North Korean Men Turn to Business, Women Join the Army." New York Times, 17 August 2003, sec. 1, p. 7. Database on-line. Available from ProQuest.

Brooks, Adrienne A.R. "Women in the Emirati Military: Spearhead of Change." Military Review 82 (March-April 2002): 103-104.

Cherpak, Evelyn M. "The Participation of Women in the Wars for Independence in Northern South America, 1810-1824." Minerva: Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 11 (Fall-Winter 1993): 11-36.

Cobbold, Richard. "Part of My Job: Equal Opportunities in the Armed Forces." RUSI Journal 145 (October 2000): 8-14.

Cunningham, Karla J. "Cross-Regional Trends in Female Terrorism." Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 26 (May-June 2003): 171-195.

Dandeker, Christopher. "Diversifying the Uniform? The Participation of Minority Ethnic Personnel in the British Armed Services." Armed Forces & Society 29 (Summer 2003): 481-507.

Dar, Yechezkel, and Shaul Kimhi. "Youth in the Military: Gendered Experiences in the Conscript Service in the Israeli Army." Armed Forces & Society 30 (Spring 2004): 433-459.

Dartnell, Michael. "Post-Territorial Insurgency: The Online Activism of the Revolutionary Association of Women of Afghanistan (RAWA)." Small Wars & Insurgencies 14 (Summer 2003): 151-176.

Her, Kelly. "Officers and Gentlewomen." Taiwanese women are going to military schools as a deliberate career choice. Free China Review 50 (March 2000): 22.

Holt, Maria. "A Habit of Violence Grown Ordinary: Constraints on Muslim Women’s Participation in War." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 20 (Spring 2002): 3-38.

Kamenir, Victor. "Nadezhda Durova Served Gallantly in the Russian Cavalry - Then Embarked on a Literary Career." Military History 21 (April 2004): 24-25.

Kihntopf, Michael P. "During World War I, Russian Lieutenant Maria Bochkareva Forged the Women’s Death Battalion." Military History 20 (June 2003): 22+.

Krizbai, Janos. "Women Soldiers and Human Resources Policy." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 17 (Fall Winter 1999): 85-91.

Kummel, Gerhard. "Complete Access: Women in the Bundeswehr and Male Ambivalence." Armed Forces & Society 28 (Summer 2002): 555-573.

Laszlo, Czimmer Istvzan. "Training Possibilities for Women." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 17 (Fall Winter 1999): 78-84.

Lief, Louise. "Second Class in the Israeli Military." U.S. News & World Report 118 (22 May 1995): 47-48.

Lindsey, Charlotte. "Women and War: The Detention of Women in Wartime." International Review of the Red Cross 83 (June 2001): 505-520.

Mack, Alistair R.. "Women in Combat: The British and American Experience in the Gulf War 1991." RUSI Journal 138 (October 1993): 33-37.

Mathers, Jennifer G. "Women in the Russian Armed Forces: A Marriage of Convenience?" Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 18 (Fall-Winter 2000): 129-143.

Nemitschenko, L. "Is Increasing Gender Equity in the ADF Improving Operational Capability?" Australian Defence Force Journal 149 (July-August 2001): 35-43.

Nielsen, Vicki. Women in Uniform." NATO Review 49 (Summer 2001): 30+.

Pennington, Reina J. "Stalin’s Falcons: The 586th Fighter Aviation Regiment." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 18 (Fall-Winter 2000): 76-108.

Peto, Andrea. "Women, War, and Military in Eastern Europe." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 17 (Fall Winter 1999): 5-12.

Ruowu, Zhang. "Breaking Tradition: PLA’s Woman Warrior." Beijing Review 46 (13 March 2003): 35.

Sion, Liora. "‘The Weakest Link: Women in Two Dutch Peacekeeping Units." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military19 (Fall-Winter 2001): 3-26.

Skelton, William Paul, III, and Nadine Khouzam Skelton. "Women as Prisoners of War." Military Medicine 160 (November 1995): 558-560.

Smirnov, Aleksandr I. "Women in the Russian Army." Russian Social Science Review 43 (July-August 2002): 61-71.

"Statistics: Women in NATO Forces and Peacekeeping Operations." NATO Review 49 (Summer 2001): 34.

Szabo, Andrea. "The Establishment of the Hungarian Women Soldier’s Section and Its Justification." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 17 (Fall Winter 1999): 68-73.

Vlachova, Marie. "National Report: Czech Republic." Minerva Quarterly Report on Women and the Military 17 (Fall Winter 1999): 19-25..

Weatherill, J.A. "Gender Awareness within the Australian Defence Force." Australian Defence Force Journal 117 (March-April 1996): 43-48.

Woodward, Rachel, and Patricia Winter. "Discourses of Gender in the Contemporary British Army." Armed Forces & Society 30 (Winter 2004): 279-301.